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MAY 1994 



U.S. $2.95 /CAN. $3.50 

o " l 71486"02193 l " 3 


You had to walk through three feet of snow just to get to school. They get there on Rollerblade skates. You 
, had an AM radio. They ha\'e boom boxes. And now there's this thing called edu-tainment. High technology that 
kes learning involving, fun and exciting. What a concept. 

Introducing the Presario Multimedia PCs from Compaq. Powerful computers equipped with CD-ROM 
^ drives and bundles of interactive software that bring state-of-the-art sight, sound and 

motion to computing. Presario Multimedia PCs come equipped with everything you need to get started. So you can 





■ 1994 Compaq Computer Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Compaq Registered U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Presario is a trademark of Compaq Computer Corporation. Rollerblade is a registered trademark of Rollerblade, 
ivcretl by a one-year warranty. For details, consult the Compaq Customer Support Center, select the PAQFax option and request PAQFax document #1217. (Compaq Customer Support Center. hSOO-3,45-1518, U.S.; 1-S00-567-16 16. 

Just Because You 

Learned The Hard Way 

Doesn't Mean Your 

Kid Has To. 

be up and running right away. And they're backed by a three-year warranty* along with a 24-hour, seven-day-a-week support hotline 
to answer any of your computing questions. And with literally thousands and thousands of CD-ROM titles currently available (and 
a bunch more coming every day), you can do just about anything. From recreating a space shuttle launch to baking your favorite cake 
with Better Homes and Gardens to leafing through an entire set of encyclopedias stored on one six-inch compact disc complete with 
audio and video. As a matter of fact, once you have your Presario Multimedia PC at home, 

there'll probably onlv be one thing standing between you and a whole new world. Your kid. 


Inc. Better Homes and Gardens is a trademark of Meredith Corporation. Intel Inside logo i: 

Circle Reader Service Number 209 

■cgistcrcd trademark of the Intel corporation. 'Certain restrictions and exclusions apply. Monitors, battery packs and certain options are 



MAY 1994 



Edited by Mike Hudnall 

Three top Windows 

word processors go head 

to head. 



By Phillip Morgan 

Strategies for getting good 

software at a discount. 



By Richard 0. Mann 

Expert advice on how to 

choose and use 

the best notebook, palmtop, 

or PDA. 



By Denny Atkin 

QmodemPro for Windows 

from Mustang Software. 



By Clifton Karnes 
Hot new Pentiums! 


By Clifton Karnes 

An inside look at how 

Windows multitasks. 


Edited by Robert Bixby 
Answers to tough questions. 



By Tony Roberts 
Two great products for 
making DOS friendlier. 



By Tom Campbell 

Power programming with 

Visual C++. 

Cover screen from Microsoft's Creative Writer 



Edited by 
Richard C. Leinecker 
Tips from our readers. 



By Mark Minasi 

Cabling and terminating 

your SCSI daisychain. 



By Robert Bixby 
Fonts for fun. 



By Jill Champion Booth 
Top computer news. 



By David English 
Multimedia products at CES. 



By David English 
Everything you need. 



Edited by Polly Cillpam 
Hot new stuff. 



By Scott A. May 
The Journeyman Project 
from Quadra Interactive. 




By Clayton Walnum 

The Tortoise and the Hare 

from Braderbund. 



By Peter Olafson 

Ringworld II, Battlecruiser 

3000, and more. 



By Jason Rich 
SimCity 2000 from Maxis. 



By Denny Atkin 

Fly for the Empire and 

explore Sierra's Outpost CD. 



By Mike Hudnall 

New programs targeted at 

kids make writing 

fun while helping them 

develop creative skills. 



Tandy Sensation, 
The Norton Desktop for 

Windows 3.0, 

Sam & Max Hit the Road, 

Body Illustrated: The 

Anatomical Guide, 

Microsoft Works for 

Windows 3.0, 

Teddy's Big Day, 

More Vegas Games for 


Portrait/15 Plus, 

CD Power Pak, 

Companions of Xanth, 


Paradox 4.5, 

Fantasy Empires, 

Uninvited, and more. 


See page 113. 

COMPUTE (ISSN 0194-357X) is published monthly in the U.S. and Canada by COMPUTE Publications International Ltd, 1965 Broadway, New York, NY 10023-5965. Volume 16, Number 
5, Issue 164. Copyright © 1994 by COMPUTE Publications International Ltd. Ail rights reserved. COMPUTE is a registered trademark of COMPUTE Publications International Ltd. Distributed 
worldwide (except in Australia and the U.K.) by Curtis Circulation Company, P.O. Box 9102, Pennsauken, NJ 08109. Distributed in Australia by The Horwitz Group, P.O. Box 306, Cammeray 
NSW 2062 Australia, and in the U.K. by Seymour Press Ltd.. Windsor House, 1270 London Rd., Norbury. London SW1642H England. Second-class postage paid at New York, NY, and at 
additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to COMPUTE Magazine, P.O. Box 3245. Harlan, IA 51537-3041. (800) 727-6937. Entire contents copyrighted. All rights 
reserved. Nothing may be reproduced in whole or in part without written permission from the publisher. Subscriptions: U.S. and AFO — $19.94 per year, Canada— $32.04 per year, elsewhere— 
$29.94 per year. Single copies: U.S.— $2.95 each. The publisher disclaims all responsibility to return unsolicited matter, and all rights in portions published thereof remain the sole property 
of COMPUTE Publications International Ltd. Letters sent to COMPUTE or its editors become the property of the magazine. Editorial offices are located at 324 W Wendover Ave Ste 
200. Greensboro, NC 27408. (910) 275-9809. 

Printed in the U.S. by R. R. Donnelley & Sons Inc. 

#R 1266074 15 


No More Excuses. 


Sound Blaster" 16 Basic Edition: More Value. 

A best buy at $199.95* our basic 16-bit board gives 
you everything you need for high-quality PC 
sound. It's the ideal tool for enhancing your multi- 
media presentations, interactive software, and 
sound-enhanced games. And you can upgrade 
with our optional Wave Blaster" daughterboard 
to sampled wave synthesis, or add our Advanced 
Signal Processor DSP. 

Sound Blaster 16 MultiCD • 

More CD-ROM Options. 

Sound Blaster 16 MultiCD is a multi-functional 
audio solution that includes a CD-ROM interface 
for the most popular drives from Creative, Sony 
and Mitsumi — no additional interface is needed! 
For $249.95* you get Creative's high-performance 
16-bit audio plus a variety of multimedia titles. 

Sound Blaster 16 SCSI-2? 
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Specifically developed for those with data-inten- 
sive devices, our SCSI-2 card features CD-quality 
stereo sound plus compatibility with SCSI-1 and 

* All prices listed are manufacturer's suggested retail 

Boost CPU 
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Advanced Signal 

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can't beat this card's dynamite software 
bundle and rich sound. 

Sound Blaster AWE32: More Fidelity. 

Our most advanced 16-bit card for the 

discriminating audio enthusiast, Sound 

Blaster AWE32 combines our 

state-of-the-art digital 
audio technology with E-mu 
Systems' Advanced WavEffects" 
synthesis for pro-audio sound. 
It features 32-note symphonic- 
quality MIDI playback, and 
digital signal processing. 

Plus it's 100% General MIDI 
and Sound Blaster compatible. 
All for just $399.95! 

No MORE excuses, PC OWNERS . 

Now with Creative's great selection of advanced- 
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excuses for not upgrading your PC with enhanced 
audio capabilities. 

WavEffect synthesis 
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downloadable sound 
sampling and DSP 
special effects! 





Circle Reader Service Number 125 

U.S. inquiries: Creative Labs 1-800-998-5227 or 1-408-128-6600. International inquiries: Creative Technology Ltd., Singapore. TEL 65-773-0233 FAX 65-773-0353. Sound Blaster r Sound Blaster 16MultiCD,Sound Blaster 
16 SCSI-2, Sound Blaster AWE32, Wave Blaster, Advanced WavEffects, and tile Sound Blaster and Creative logos are trademarks of Creative Technology Lid. All other trademarks are the property of their respective 
holders. ©Copyright 1994 Creative Technology Ltd. All rights reserved. Note: Sound Blaster 16 MultiCD works with Sony CDU31 A ; Mitsumi CRMC-LUO05, -FX001; and Creative Labs/Tanasonic CDR-523 and -BUS, 

Editor Clifton Karnes 
Art Director Robin Case Mykytyn 

Managing Editor 

Features Editor 

Reviews Editor 

Gazette and Online Editor 

Entertainment Editor 

Senior Copy Editor 

Copy Editor 

Editorial Assistant 

Contributing Editors 

David English 

Robert Bixby 

Mike Hudnall 

Tom Netsel 

Denny Atkin 

Karen Huffman 

Margaret Ramsey 

Polly Cillpam 

Sylvia Graham. Tony Roberts, 

Karen Siepak 

Assistant Art Director Kenneth A. Hardy 
Designer Katie Murdock 
Copy Production Manager Terry Cash 

Production Manager De Potter 

Traffic Manager Barbara A. Williams 

Manager Troy Tucker 
Programmers Steve Draper 

Bradley M. Small 


President and COO Kathy Keeton 

Executive Vice President, William Tynan 

Vice President Keith Ferrell 
and Editorial Director 

Operations Manager David Hensley Jr. 

Office Manager Sybil Agee 

Sr. Administrative Assistant Julia Fleming 

Receptionist LeWanda Fox 

Vice President Peter T Johnsmeyer 
and Associate Publisher (212) 496-6100 


Full-Page and Standard Display Ads: East Coast— Peter T Johns- 
meyer or Chris Coelho, COMPUTE Publications International. 1965 
Broadway. New York, NY 10023: (212} 496-6100. Southeast- 
Harriet Rogers, 503 A St. SE, Washington, DC 20003; (202) 546- 
5926. Florida— Jay M. Remer Associates, 7040 W. Palmetto Park 
Rd.. Ste. 308, Boca Raton, FL 33433; (407) 391-0104, (407) 391- 
5074 (fax). Midwest— Starr Lane. 7 Maywood Dr., Danville, IL 
61832; (217) 443-4042. (217} 443-4043 (fax). Midwest Main Office— 
111 E. Wacker Dr., Ste. 508, Chicago, IL 60601; (312) 819-0900, 
(312) 819-0813 (fax). Detroit— Jim Chauvin. 200 E Big Beaver Rd., 
Troy, Ml 48083; (313) 680-4610. (313) 524-2866 (fax). Northwest- 
Jerry Thompson (415-348-8222) or Lucille Dennis (707-451-8209), 
Jules E. Thompson Co,, 1290 Howard Ave., Ste 303, Burlmgame. 
CA 94010. Southwest and West— Howard Berman, 6728 Eton Ave., 
Canoga Park. CA 91303; (818) 992-4777. Product Mart Ads: Lu- 
cille Dennis. Jules E. Thompson Co., 1290 Howard Ave., Ste 303. 
Burlingame. CA 94010, (707) 451-8209. Classified Ads: Maria 
Manaseri. 1 Woods Ct.. Huntington. NY 11743; (516) 757-9562 
(phone and fax). Sr. VP/Corp. Dir.. New Business Development: Bev- 
erly Wardate. VP/Dir., Group Advertising Sales: Nancy Kestenbaum, 
9709 Brimfield Ct., Potomac. MD 20854: (301) 299-4677, (301) 299- 
4649 (fax). Sr. VP/Southern and Midwestern Advertising Dir.: Pe- 
ter Goldsmith. P.O. Box 1535. Mason Neck. VA 22199-1535; (703} 
339-1060. (703) 339-1063 (fax). Europe— Beverly Wardale. Rat 2. 
10 Stafford Terrace, London. England W87 BH; 011-4711-937- 
1517. Japan— Jiro Semba. Intergroup Communications, 3F Tiger 
Bldg , 5-22 Shiba-koen, 3-Chome, Minato ku, Tokyo 105, Japan; 
03-434-2607, J254691GLTYO (telex), 434-5970 (fax). Korea: Kaya 
Advertising, Rm. 402 Kunshin Annex B/D 251-1, Dohwa Dong, 
Mapo-Ku, Seoul, Korea (121); 719-6906, K32144Kayaad (telex). 


Bob Guccione, Chairman and CEO 

Kathy Keeton, Vice Chairman and COO 

William F. Marlieb, President (Marketing, Sales, and Circulation) 

Patrick J. Gavin, Executive Vice President (Operations) and CFO 

Richard Cohen, Executive Vice President and Treasurer 

Frank DeVino. Executive Vice President and Graphics Director 

Jim Mariise, Executive Vice President (Circulation) 

Hal Halpner, Vice President and Manufacturing Director 

William Tynan, Vice President (Technology and Information 



Sr. VP and CFO: Patrick J. Gavin, VP and Dir., Sales Promotions 
Beverly Greiper, Dir., Newsstand Circulation Maureen Sharkey; Dir., 
Newsstand Operations: Joe Gallo; Dir., Subscription Circulation: 
Beatrice J. Hanks; VP and Dir, Research: Robert Rattner; Adver- 
tising Production Dir. Charlene Smith; Traffic Dir.: William Harbutt; 
VP. Financial Operations: Jim Folio: VP, Budget and Finance: Tom 
Maley; Production Mgr.: Tom Stinson; Asst. Production Mgr.. Nan- 
cy Rice: Mgr.. International Div.: George Rojas; VP. Retail Sales and 
Marketing; Glenn Smith; National Marketing Dir.: Anne M. Zink; Ex- 
ec. Asst. to Bob Guccione: Diane O'Conneil; Spec. Asst. to Bob 
Guccione: Jane Homlish. 


Clifton Karnes 

Pentiums for the people. That was 
Intel's message this past March 
when it announced new families 
of Pentium and 486 chips. Up un- 
til now, you've probably thought of 
the Pentium as a high-speed, high- 
performance CPU exclusively for work- 
stations, servers, and power users. Un- 
til this year, that's been the case, but 
Intel plans to change all that. 

Looking at trends and current sta- 
tistics, Intel sees the home market as 
the site for the newest PC boom 
town, and in the home market poker 
game, Intel's betting it can put its hot- 
test chips in the millions of PCs con- 
sumers are going to buy in 1994 and 
1995. Those chips are Pentiums. 

So where does the new 486 fit into 
this plan? Let's talk a little about it 
first. The new 486 is primarily a clock 
tripler, called the DX4. The 4 may be 
a little confusing here, because you'd 
expect the chip, as a clock tripler, to 
be called the DX3. Well, as Intel ex- 
plained to me, the chip does more 
than just triple the clock speed of a 
486. The DX4 has a cache that's 
twice the size of that of previous 
486s, and, on some 486s, the speed 
increase may be more on the order 
of just 2 1 /2 times. 

it's worth noting that this speed 
we're talking about with the DX4 is 
the internal speed of the chip only. 
The external speed is the processor's 
base speed. So a 100-MHz 486DX4 
operates on data inside the chip at 
100 MHz, but outside the chip, it 
moves into the slow lane at 33 MHz. 
Although this chip will appear in 
some desktop systems, Intel sees it 
primarily as a mobile CPU, for note- 
books and the like. 

The two Pentiums Intel is introduc- 
ing are a 90-MHz model and a 100- 
MHz model. Intel sees these chips as 
the new high end, but there's a big dif- 
ference between these new scream- 
ers and the company's previous high- 
end CPUs. High technology is enter- 
ing the mainstream faster, and while 
it took five years for the 386 to get to 
the $2,000 price point and four years 
for the 486 to get to that same place, 
Intel thinks these new Pentiums will 
reach that point in a year or less. 

This means that you'll see 66-MHz 

Pentium-based machines for $2,000 
this Christmas and 90-MHz machines 
for $3,000. By this time next year, the 
90-MHz Pentiums will be clocking in 
at $2,000. 

So there's probably a Pentium in 
your future. If that's the case, just 
how good are these new chips? 
Well, they look very good. The new 
Pentiums are low-power, 3.3-volt 
CPUs that come with two internal 
caches and some parallel processing 
capability. They're also scalar, which 
means that you can add multiple Pen- 
tiums to a system that's designed for 
this and dramatically improve perform- 
ance. According to Intel's data, the 
new 100-MHz Pentium is nearly 
three times as fast as a 486 DX2-66, 
the current chip of choice for most 
PC users. 

If you're running Windows, your per- 
formance boost probably won't be 
quite that high, because Windows 
won't take advantage of many of the 
chip's high-end capabilities, but the 
Pentium's raw 64-bit processing pow- 
er and speed will definitely move Win- 
dows into the passing lane. 

In addition, the systems that 
house these Pentiums are going to 
be faster than the average 486 today. 
Most of them will come with Intel's 
PCI local bus and fast hard disks, 
which should really speed data along 
these two bottlenecks. 

So if you've never thought about 
buying a Pentium before, now's the 
time to start. With a Pentium, you may 
finally be able to kiss that Windows 
hourglass goodbye. D 


Fans, %u<i Wear 
Shades, Too! 

Mavis Beacon 
Teaches Typing!" 
Is The World's 
Best Seller! 

Take lessons from the world's best typing 
teacher and have some fun while you learn! 


Version 3 For Windows! 

256 Colors 

Fun, Easy & Makes 

You More Productive! 

Mavis Beacon Teaches 
Typing! has built-in 
artificial intelligence that 
makes it easy for anyone 
of any age to learn to type. 
Lessons are automatically 
customized for each individual's abilities and 
needs. And Mavis makes typing lessons fun by 
using famous quotes, riddles, jokes and even 

hundreds of fascinating 
facts from The Guinness 
Book of World Records. 



Practice 10-key typing by going 
to the grocery store! 

"Guide bonds 1 ' type with you to 
demonstrate perfect technique 

Mavis is the best. But, 
don't take our word for it 
Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing! won the 
1992 Reader's Choice Award from Compute! 
Magazine, the 1993 Reader's Choice Award 
from Multimedia Magazine, and many more. 

Mavis is fun and it works. It can 
help you type better and be more 
productive. More than 2 million users are 
already better typists and big fans of Mavis. 
Look for Mavis at » . — ~ n — — — 

Mavis Beacon 

computer stores 


Available for MS-DOS, 

Windows, MFC CD-ROM 

and Macintosh 

For the dealer nearest you 
or to order, call toll-free 


Circle Reader Service Number 245 

Copyright © 1993 The Software Toolworks, Inc. All rights reserved. Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Ali products and brands are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. 


Clifton Karnes 

The 386 and its 


the 486 and Pentium, 

have two features 

that Windows uses to 

great advantage. 


Last time, I talked about the 
80x86 family of CPUs and how 
its architecture has made 
much of what Windows does 
possible. This month, I'm going 
to talk about how Windows ex- 
ploits 386 enhanced mode. Spe- 
cifically, I want to discuss how 
Windows multitasks DOS and 
Windows applications and how 
it uses virtual memory. 

The 386 and its successors, 
the 486 and Pentium, have two 
features that Windows uses to 
great advantage: virtual 8086 
mode and paging. In virtual 
8086 mode, also called V86 
mode, the CPU emulates sev- 
eral 8086 machines in real 
mode, and it can multitask 
these machines. In V86 mode, 
each DOS program thinks it's 
running in its own 8086-based 
PC. It's V86 mode that gives Win- 
dows the power to multitask 
DOS applications so well, and 
that's one of the things that's ac- 
counted for Windows' success. 

The other important 386 fea- 
ture — paging — takes the pro- 
tected-mode addressing 
scheme we discussed last 
month a step further. As you 
may recall, in protected 
mode, segment addresses 
are supplied by selectors, in- 
stead of actual segment ad- 
dresses themselves. Using 
paging, a selector can refer to 
an address that's in physical 
memory, or it can refer to a 4K 
page of memory that's been 
swapped to disk. Paging is 
the key to virtual memory, and, 
although it sounds complex, it 
usually works like a charm. 

But how does Windows jug- 
gle all these elements and get 
them to work together? That 
question isn't so easy to an- 
swer, but here's the big pic- 
ture. Before proceeding, 
though, I want to mention two 
excellent books that have 
helped me unravel some of 
Windows' most closely kept se- 
crets. The first is Windows In- I 

ternals by Matt Pietrek (Ad- 
dison-Wesley), which gives a 
byte-level look at how Win- 
dows does what it does. The 
other is Microsoft's 80386/ 
80486 Programming Guide by 
Ross P. Nelson, which ex- 
plores the 80386 chip's archi- 
tecture in detail. 

Back to our story. In en- 
hanced mode, the real Win- 
dows operating system is 
something called the Virtual Ma- 
chine Manager, or VMM for 
short. The VMM is a 32-bit, 
protected-mode, preemptive 
multitasking operating system. 
The VMM's sole job is to cre- 
ate, manage, and destroy vir- 
tual machines (VMs). 

The first VM the VMM cre- 
ates is the system VM, which 
runs a//Windows applications. 
When you start a DOS session 
under Windows, the VMM cre- 
ates a separate DOS VM, 
which runs in the 80386's V86 
mode. For each additional 
DOS session, the VMM cre- 
ates a new VM. 

The VMM allocates CPU re- 
sources to each VM, and it's 
ironic that while the VMM mul- 
titasks preemptively, the sys- 
tem VM, which runs all the Win- 
dows apps, multitasks non- 
preemptively. Windows, as 
you may know, employs what 
is euphemistically called coop- 
erative multitasking. In cooper- 
ative multitasking, each appli- 
cation gets as much CPU time 
as it's willing to take. For a pro- 
gram to be a good citizen in 
Windows, it needs to take as 
little time as possible. In a 
preemptive multitasking sys- 
tem, on the other hand, the op- 
erating system decides how 
much time each task gets. At 
the highest level, the VMM de- 
cides how much time each 
VM gets, and because of this, 
all Windows programs, taken 
as a group, are multitasked 
preemptively. But individually, 
Windows programs have to 
work inside a single VM, and 
they have to work cooperative- 


ly. Obviously, preemptive mul- 
titasking is better than cooper- 
ative multitasking. 

I want to discuss paging by 
beginning with how Windows 
manages memory in general. 
When a Windows program 
needs memory (to load itself, 
for example), it requests the 
memory from Windows. If Win- 
dows has a chunk of memory 
in its pool — called the global 
heap — large enough for the 
program, it gives the memory 
to the program. If it doesn't 
have a chunk of memory avail- 
able, it rearranges the pro- 
grams already in memory and 
consolidates the free space. 
This is something like defrag- 
menting a hard disk, except 
that it takes place in memory. 
If that still can't free enough 
memory, Windows takes a 4K 
page of memory from a pro- 
gram that hasn't been run in a 
while and pages this memory 
to disk. This paging, which is 
also called swapping, turns 
your hard disk into a holding 
area for memory. As far as the 
application whose memory 
was paged to disk is con- 
cerned, its code and data are 
still in physical memory. Win- 
dows manages all this stuff be- 
hind the scenes, so the appli- 
cations themselves never 
have to worry about it. 

When you create a perma- 
nent swap file, you're telling 
Windows exactly how much 
disk space it can use for pag- 
ing. This magic is possible be- 
cause of the 386 chip's pag- 
ing mechanism, which the 286 
doesn't support, which is why 
virtual memory isn't available 
in standard (286) mode. 

The best thing about V86 
mode and paging is that you 
never have to think about 
them to benefit from what they 
do. If you're still running Win- 
dows in standard mode and 
you have a 386 or better CPU, 
turn on the light and switch to 
386 enhanced mode. You'll 
be glad you did. □ 


New Version Z.U! Lhoose vUo or Windows* 

^elujaU" "Love it 

1* JA ^*r: understand Jand use. *TTl n he laid out in any 


. Qul ck B ooks, 5 s im ^o^»n coi(nI , ng 

conCelVa ps,2mc Management 

Robert D 

*"». tvK&L'W 

Robert D. 
Miami, FL 

Susfln Yeagley Sullivan 
San Diego, CA 

Why is QuickBooks #1? Word of Mouth. 

It's the #1 selling bookkeeping software for 
small business people. It's the #1 recommenda- 
tion from retailers. And most importantly, it's 
#1 with users. 

Because QuickBooks* is so easy, you don't 
even need to know a debit from a credit. If 
you know how to write checks and invoices, 
you know how to use QuickBooks. Just fill in 
the familiar forms on the screen and it does 
all your bookkeeping for you. Invoicing and 
accounts receivable. Check writing and 
accounts payable. Plus all the financial reports 
you need to manage more profitably. 

And it's fast. For instance, it finishes any 

repeat entry for you as soon as you start typ- 
ing. Add QuickPay'" and you have complete 
payroll, too. 

It's also easy to tailor QuickBooks to your 
business. Simply choose from a list of busi- 
ness types and then customize the settings 
and reports as much as you want. 

"Extraordinarily easy to use, yet provides 
plenty of accounting power." PC Magazine 

"QuickBooks is the easiest." New York Times 

"A great program if you're more interested 
in running your small business than 
becoming an accountant." PC World 

Now we'll look forward to hearing the 
word from you. 

These people are all 
real QuickBooks users. 
(Thanks tor all your 
comments and photos! ) 

New Version 2.0! 
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Call 1-800-624-8742 

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Add QuickPay to your order for just $59.95. (QuickPay not 

available in Canada.) Credit card orders only. 

Please have your card ready. Offer for first time users only. 

International shipping extra. 

Expires 8/31/94 Ad Code: CM5HK 

System requirements: DOS: IBM' compatible PC, 640K RAM, DOS 3.0 or 
higher, and 3.2 MB tree on hard disk. Windows: IBM' compatible PC, 386 
or higher, 2MB RAM minimum (4MB recommended), Windows 3.1 or 
higher, 8MB tree on hard disk. QuickBooks is a registered trademark of 
Intuit. QuickPay is a trademark of Intuit, ©intuit 1993 


Edited by Robert Bixby 


trees, booting from 

B, trapping keys, 

finding the Mouse 

Wheel, starting 

Windows with a macro, 

avoiding a 

BASIC error, and 

rolling the bottle 

Major Delete 

I often install and uninstall 
whole directories of pro- 
grams. Deleting subdirectory 
after subdirectory is tiresome. 
Is there a simpler way? 


Sure. If you have DOS 6, use 
Deltree. If you use DOS 5, 
here's a program that will rap- 
idly do away with whole direc- 
tory structures if you provide 
the top directory that you 
want to delete. 

Be careful with it, 
will remove all files, even hid- 
den, system, and read-only 
files, then remove the directo- 
ries that contained them. 

The only error checking 
built into the program is that it 
won't start deleting from the 
root directory (which would de- 
stroy everything on the disk), 
and it requires that you give it 
the full pathname of the direc- 
tory you want to eliminate so 
there's no ambiguity We 
can't stress strongly enough 
how dangerous this program 
could be with even the slight- 
est typographical error. 

Therefore, please test it out 
on disks that don't matter be- 
fore attempting to use it on 
your hard disk. You must al- 
ways log on to the drive from 
which you're deleting the sub- 

INPUT "Complete path of 

directory to prune: ", a$ 
IF LEFT$(a$, 1) <> "\" OR a$ = 

'V THEN GOTO syntax 
PRINT "Really? You want me to" 
PRINT "eliminate " + a$ + "and" 
PRINT "all ot its tiles and" 
INPUT "subdirectories"; c$ 
IF LCASE$(c$) <> "y" THEN END 

GOSUB sub2 
LINE INPUT #1, b$ 
GOSUB subl 



SHELL "del \temp.M!" 






GOSUB sub2 

IF L0F(1) <> THEN 

LINE INPUT #1, b$ 


GOSUB subl 



GOTO top 


GOTO topi 


SHELL "attrib -r -h -a -s V" 

SHELL "echo y I del*.*" 

CHDIR ".." 


sub2: SHELL "del Memp.M!" 
SHELL "dir/b/ad>\temp. II!" 
AS #1 



PRINT "You must enter the 
complete path to the subdirectory 
you want to prune." 

PRINT "You must begin your path 
with a backslash (\) to indicate 
that the path begins at the root 

PRINT "You have to enter more 
than a backslash. This program 
wasn't intended to wipe out 
every directory on a disk. 

PRINT "Use Format tor that." 

Boot Error 

Is there a way to initiate com- 
puter operation from drive B, 
instead of first starting up 
from drive A and then going di- 
rectly to drive C? 


Some BIOS's look for a boot 
sector on both floppy drives 
and then at the hard disk, but 

this is relatively rare. You can 
shift operation immediately to 
drive B by typing b: at the 
end of your AUTOEXEC.BAT. 
Or you could create an AU- 
TOEXEC.BAT containing only 
instructions to go to drive B 
and then run a batch file 
there, which would shift some 
of the responsibility for the 
boot process to drive B. 

Key Trap 

Is there a way to trap the ded- 
icated arrow keys on an ex- 
tended keyboard and still use 
the ten-key numeric keypad 
while using QuickBASIC? 


Key trap uses one parameter 
to indicate the condition of the 
Shift keys and one to indicate 
the keycode. Strangely, this is 
much better explained in QBA- 
SIC than in QuickBASIC. 
Here's a brief program that 
traps the left- and right-arrow 
keys with Num Lock set. 

KEY 15, CHR$(160) + CHR$(75) 
KEY 16, CHR$(160) + CHR$(77) 
REM The value of the 
REM Num Lock key is 32. The 
REM value of the extended 
REM keyboard keys is 128; 32 
REM plus 128 is 160. 
REM The left-arrow keycode is 75 
REM and the right-arrow 
REM keycode is 77. 
ON KEY(15) GOSUB moveright 
ON KEY(16) GOSUB moveleft 
KEY(15) ON 
KEY(16) ON 
location = 1 


REM You have to have a main 
REM loop, even if it doesn't do 
REM anything. 
b$ = INKEY$ 
IF b$ = "q" THEN END 
LOCATE 2, 1: PRINT b$ 
GOTO top 

location = location + 1 
IF location > 27 THEN 


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location = 27 
GOTO common 
LOCATE 1, location: 
MID$(a$, location, 




IF location < 1 THEN location = 1 
common: CLS 
LOCATE 1, location: PRINT 
MID$(a$, location, 4) 

A Big Wheel 

I'm looking for the Mouse Wheel men- 
tioned by Paul C. Schuytema in the Oc- 
tober 1993 issue of COMPUTE ("Game- 
play"). I can't find it. Where can I pur- 
chase one? 


Paul Schuytema replies: You can write 
to Colorado Spectrum, maker of the 
Mouse Wheel, at 748 Whalers Way, E- 
201, Fort Collins, Colorado 80525, 
or you can call the company at (800) 

When you get your Mouse Wheel, 
be sure to track down your mouse's 

10 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

reference booklet. You'll need to 
change the mouse's sensitivity for it to 
feel right when used with a road-racing 
game. Finding the right sensitivity is a 
matter of trial and error, and it will vary 
from game to game. 

Once you find the right sensitivity, 
write it down so you won't forget. Or bet- 
ter yet, write it as part of a batch file 
that also starts the road-racing game 
so the correct sensitivity will be set 

Initial Macros 

Is there a way to have a group of mac- 
ros run automatically when I start up 


Here's our answer, in two parts. The 
first part tells you how to start Record- 
er with a hot key, and the second part 
tells you how to run a macro automati- 
cally when Windows starts. 

This tip is from 101 Essential Win- 
dows Tips by Clifton Karnes (COM- 
PUTE Books). 

To run Recorder and have a specific 
macro execute, use the hot-key switch. 

1. Make sure your macro specifies a 
hot key. 

2. On the command line (in a Program 

Manager Program Item Properties dia- 
log box, Program Manager run box, or 
any other place you can enter a com- 
mand), type recorder -h key file- 
name.ext, where filename, ext is the 
name of the Recorder macro and key 
is the key combination that normally 
runs the macro. 

For the hot key, use the following 
symbols, plus the key name. 

Key Symbol 

Alt % 

Ctrl * 

Shift + 

For example, if your hot key is Shift- 
F10 and your macro file is named 
MYMACROS.REC, you would type re- 
corder -h +f10 mymacros.rec. 

To run a specific Recorder macro 
when Windows starts, do the following. 

1. Make your Startup group active, 
and select File, New, Program Item, 

2. In the Description text box, type start- 
up macros, or something similar. 

3. In the Command Line text box, type 
recorder -h key macros. rec, where 
key is your hot-key combination and 
macros. rec is the name of your mac- 
ro file. If, for example, your hot key 
is Ctrl-Shift-Alt-X and your macro 
file is MYMACROS.REC, you'd type 
recorder -h A +%x mymacros.rec in 
the text box. 

4. Check Run Minimized, and click on 
OK to save your program item. 

Ball and Chain 

I'm writing a large program in QuickBA- 
SIC 4.5. When I tried to compile it into 
an EXE file, the compiler quit and 
gave me a program-memory overflow 
error message. 

What does this error mean, and how 
do I fix it? I still have some things I 
need to add to the program. 


Ever hear of a character named Pro- 
crustes? The long and short of it is 
that you're trying to write a program 
that's too long and the available mem- 
ory is too short. 

We must admit that we've never writ- 
ten a BASIC program ambitious 
enough to use all of the program memo- 
ry, but if we had, here are some things 
we would have considered. 

First, are there long series of data 
statements? You could move these in- 
to their own files and have your pro- 
gram load them with the READ file 

In a similar vein, if you have help 
screens or long lines of PRINT state- 




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merits, these could be off-loaded into 
a data file that your program could 
read. Help screens are an enormous 
waste of program space. 

Next, go through the program look- 
ing for routines that could be turned in- 
to subroutines or subprograms. If you 
find yourself writing more than one rou- 
tine that performs a single function, 
you could probably figure out a way to 
combine all of these functions into a sin- 
gle routine. 

Finally, we would look into the 
CHAIN and RUN commands and the 
COMMON function. CHAIN and RUN al- 
low you to run another BASIC program. 
You can specify a part of that program 
to run. or you can run the whole 
program. COMMON allows you to 
share variables in common between 
chained programs. By using CHAIN, 
you could move one or more self-con- 
tained routines into another program 
file and only call upon them as need- 
ed. Our experience with CHAIN has 
been pretty dismal, though. We 
couldn 't get COMMON to work with 
compiled programs, and both CHAIN 
and RUN require you to use CHAIN or 
RUN to return to the beginning of the 

12 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

calling program. Then you have to fig- 
ure out a way to return to your original 
position in the calling program. 

You may be having problems be- 
cause you're compiling from within the 
editor, which takes up a huge amount 
of memory on its own. You might have 
better luck if you compile from the com- 
mand line. Use the command BC file- 
name to create an object file (an inter- 
mediate file with an OBJ extension) 
and then LINK /e filename. OBJ to link 
the file and create your final executa- 
ble file (filename.EXE). 

Modules are another possibility. 
Move some of your main program into 
subprograms. By doing this, you mul- 
tiply the size of your potential program. 
If all of your program is in a single mod- 
ule, you're limited to 64K of program 
space. But you can add multiple mod- 
ules to your program, each of which 
may be up to 64K in size. That would 
give you more breathing room. 

If it's only at compile time that you ex- 
perience the problem, consider run- 
ning the program uncompiled. Another 
thought: You might have outgrown 
QuickBASIC. That time comes in eve- 
ry programmer's life, eventually. Maybe 
it's time to move on to a professional BA- 
SIC (like Microsoft BASIC) or to anoth- 
er language (like C or C++). 

Roll Out the Bottle 

In reference to the recent letter about 
scanning the label of a bottle, hand 
scanning seems to be the answer. 
Just turn the hand scanner on its back 
and roll the bottle over it. Be sure the 
bottle contacts the scanner's roller. If 
you have many bottles to scan, clamp 
the scanner in place and add a sec- 
ond roller to help support the bottle. 



Remember that "Feedback" is availa- 
ble in the COMPUTE area of America 
Online with additional programs too 
large to fit in the magazine. 


Do you have a question about hard- 
ware or software? Or have you discov- 
ered something that could help other 
PC users? If so, we want to hear from 
you. Write to "Feedback" in care of 
this magazine. Readers whose letters 
appear in "Feedback" will receive 
a free COMPUTE baseball cap while 
supplies last. We regret that we 
can't provide personal replies to 
technical questions. O 

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Copyright© 1993 by CMP Publications, Inc., 600 Community Drive, Manhasset, NY 11030. Reprinted from Windows Magazine 9/93 with permission. 

Circle Reader Service Number 120 


Tony Roberts 

Get along with 

DOS and your hard 

disk using these 

two powerful DOS 



This month, let's take a look at 
a couple of problems faced 
by anyone who uses DOS. 
First, it's impossible to remem- 
ber how to use all the DOS 
commands, especially those 
that are used infrequently, and 
second, how do you cope 
with a disk that's filling up with 
files you can't identify and 
don't know whether you 

Veteran computer users 
know that a few commands 
are all you need most of the 
time. However, the times 
when you're faced with an un- 
familiar command or proce- 
dure and your DOS manual is 
nowhere in sight can be the 
most frustrating. 

When DOS 5.0 was intro- 
duced, Microsoft took steps to 
alleviate this problem by includ- 
ing a Help utility, which lets 
you keep a DOS manual on- 
line and always available to an- 
swer your questions. This 
Help utility defines various 
DOS commands and provides 
usage notes and examples. 

As helpful as DOS's Help util- 
ity is, however, it pales in com- 
parison to DOS Help! 6.0 (Flam- 
beau Software, 1147 East 
Broadway, Suite 56, Glendale, 
California 91205; 800-833- 
7355; $49.95), an expansive 
reference and tutorial. 

DOS Help! 6.0 includes 
more than 2MB of data linked 
in a smooth hypertext presen- 
tation that allows you to move 
quickly to the information you 
need. With complete informa- 
tion on the basic commands, 
excellent DOS tutorials, de- 
tailed data on power-user top- 
ics, and a hints-and-tips sec- 
tion, DOS Help! 6.0 has an 
answer for users on every lev- 
el. If you want to acquire a re- 
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to solve problems of all kinds 
on your own, DOS Help! 6.0 is 
a necessary resource. 

The original version of DOS 
Help! was introduced in 1985, 
and the program's been get- 
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refined ever since. If you find 
yourself searching for an- 
swers, it's the key. There's no 
easier way than DOS Help! 
6.0 to understand what DOS is 
doing and why. 

Another problem every com- 
puter user faces is disk bloat. 
Hard disks fill up with hun- 
dreds and thousands of files, 
many of which do nothing 
more than occupy space. Sol- 
id Oak Software has come up 
with a solution. It's called Disk 
Historian (Solid Oak Software, 
P.O. Box 6826, Santa Barba- 
ra, California 93160; 800-388- 
2761; $59). 

Disk Historian is a resident 
program that monitors all file 
access to your system and 
keeps a database file to track 
which files have been ac- 
cessed. All you do is install the 
program and let it keep an eye 
on things. After the database 
has had a chance to build, 
you can view the data through 
an interface that runs under 

This viewer lets you see 
which files are active and 
which never get any use. The 
program allows you to sort 
and group the data in a varie- 
ty of ways so you can look at 
things the way you want. For 
example, I review a lot of Win- 
dows shareware programs, 
and after a while my C:\WIN- 
DOWSXSYSTEM subdirectory 
is loaded with dynamic link li- 
brary (DLL) files that have 
come from who knows where. 
However, without knowing 
what program was expecting 
to access those files, I'd be 
afraid to delete them. 

Disk Historian comes to the 
rescue. Disk Historian keeps a 
count of the number of times 
a file's been accessed, plus it 
keeps the dates of the first 
and most recent access. Pe- 
rusing a Disk Historian list of 

DLL files, you can easily see 
which ones are busy and 
which ones are doing nothing. 

You can either delete the in- 
active files or compress them 
with Disk Historian's resident 
compression utility. This al- 
lows you to crunch the file to 
save some disk space yet 
keep it nearby in case you're 
uneasy about throwing it out 
completely. If in the future a 
program halts because it can't 
find the file, just run the Disk 
Historian interface and decom- 
press the file. 

Disk Historian classifies 
files as active or inactive de- 
pending on how many times 
and how recently they've 
been used. For example, an ac- 
tive file is one that's been ac- 
cessed at least once in the 
last ten days, 5 times in the 
last month, 10 times in the last 
quarter, or 25 times in the last 
six months. If you try to delete 
a file that Disk Historian clas- 
sifies as active, the program 
will warn you before the dele- 
tion takes place. 

The philosophy behind 
Disk Historian is that you can 
save megabytes of space by 
deleting unnecessary files. Un- 
used files typically occupy be- 
tween 30 and 70 percent of a 
hard disk. And if you have da- 
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But now that I have Disk His- 
torian working, I can eliminate 
the guesswork and make 
smart choices when cleaning 
up my hard disk. D 



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"Pick a Publishing Powerhouse" 
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■ [Nasi 
I Or I 



Edited by Mike Hudnall 
Reviews by William Harrel 

Are all three top Windows 
word processors — Lotus 
Ami Pro, Microsoft Word, 
I and WordPerfect — created 
equal? Whether you need simple 
letters or sophisticated layouts, 
one of these word-crunching work- 
horses will get the job done. 

Word processing sure isn't what 
it used to be. Windows has turned 
our favorite word crunchers into so- 
phisticated document layout work- 
horses. No longer is it necessary to 
buy a separate desktop publishing 
package, such as Aldus Page- 
Maker or Microsoft 
Publisher, to create 
all types of publica- 
tions. From sophisti- 
cated reports to news- 
letters, even lengthy 
books and manuals, 
any one of these 
three Windows word 
processors can do it 
all — which leaves 
you wondering, How 
do they perform 
when all you need is 
a simple letter or 

The answer is 
that word process- 
ing is rapidly becom- 
ing automatic. If cur- 
rent trends continue 
won't have to do any work- 
gram will do it all. 

Creating simple documents has 
never been easier — once you 
have a reasonable grasp of Win- 
dows conventions, that is. For 
example, as I type this article, eve- 
ry feature I need is right here in 
front of me. To italicize a word, I 
just click on an icon. Changing 
fonts is as simple as selecting a 
name from a drop-down list. Why, 
I can highlight this sentence and 
drag it anywhere in this document. 
(Or, since I happen to be using 
Word for Windows 6.0, I can even 
drag it into another document.) 

And as if all this isn't easy 
enough, I can customize my word 

processor's interface to fit more 
neatly into my work environment. I 
can, for example, place almost any 
function, even macros, on the but- 
ton bar or on a menu. I can work in 
several different display modes, 
such as draft or a graphical page 
layout view with multiple magnifica- 
tion levels. Tables and columns are 
created visually, by simply dragging 
the mouse cursor over a grid. It just 
doesn't get any easier! 

What You See . . . 

By now most PC users are tired of 
hearing about Windows' WYSIWYG 
(What You See Is What You Get, pro- 
nounced "wiz-ee-wig") display. But 

WORD Wordte 

you soon 
-the pro- 



there's no denying that Windows' 
graphical user interface (GUI, pro- 
nounced "gooey") is great for docu- 
ment creation. The ability to see font 
changes and graphics onscreen as 
you work is unparalleled in the charac- 
ter-based DOS word-processing 
world — even the new graphical dis- 
plays of WordPerfect for DOS and 
Microsoft Word for DOS do not dis- 
play page layouts as clearly. (See 
the sidebar on DOS products.) 

Creating sophisticated docu- 
ments resplendent with graphics, 
tables, and fancy fonts is a 
breeze. Each of these programs 
now ships with graphics modules 
that allow you to create images to 
embellish your documents. They al- 
so have simple charting applets 

that let you create charts and 
graphs. You'll find everything you 
need to create one-color newslet- 
ters, reports, and just about any oth- 
er documents. About the only desk- 
top publishing option missing is 
the ability to create color separa- 
tions for reproducing your docu- 
ments at the print shop. 

Can You Say OLE? 

Another Windows feature making 
your word-processing tasks less 
burdensome is object linking and 
embedding (OLE, pronounced "o- 
lay"). OLE provides a level of 
interactivity among applications un- 
heard of in the DOS world. You 
can, for example, em- 
bed a 1-2-3 chart in 
your Ami Pro docu- 
ment. The chart re- 
mains linked to both 
your 1-2-3 work- 
sheet and your doc- 
ument. As you make 
changes in the work- 
sheet that affect the 
chart, the chart in 
your word proces- 
sor is automatically 
updated. If you gen- 
erate documents 
that require periodic 
updating, you'll find 
OLE invaluable. 

Yet another advan- 
tage to OLE is the 
ability to embed sound and anima- 
tion files in your documents. Organiza- 
tions that communicate over net- 
works or distribute documents on 
disk can use their Windows word 
processors to create electronic 
multimedia documents. 

(OK, so the mention of multime- 
dia word processing makes your 
eyes glaze over. Imagine the follow- 
ing scenario: You're making a pro- 
posal to your boss in a WordPerfect 
document. As part of the proposal 
you must include a process descrip- 
tion, such as, say, explaining how 
a certain gadget works. Wouldn't 
your boss be much more im- 
pressed with a narrated animated 
demonstration of the gadget in ac- 
tion, rather than a boring several- 


page description? Say you're trying 
to sell somebody on an idea. 
Wouldn't your message be much 
more influential if you could include 
film clips with supporting data tout- 
ed by Peter Jennings? With proper 
hardware, you can.) 

Microsoft Word takes OLE furth- 
er with its implementation of OLE 
2.0, which lets you drag and drop 
text and graphics between docu- 
ments. If you have other OLE 2.0 
applications, such as Microsoft Ex- 
cel 5.0 and PowerPoint 4.0, you can 
also drag and drop between appli- 
cations. In other words, you can 
drag a chart from Excel into Word 
without having to cut and paste— 
and OLE links are maintained! 

The Race Is On 

Since these are Windows applica- 
tions, entering and editing text in 
each is quite similar. Like pro- 
grams in most software genres, 
however, Windows word proces- 
sors are engaged in a furious fea- 
tures race. The product most 
recently upgraded is usually 
ahead. Vendors incorporate all the 
new features in the competition's 
latest versions and leapfrog out 
front by adding several of their 
own. In one round of upgrades, for 
example, we saw all three prod- 
ucts gain customizable button 
bars that let you access your favor- 
ite features with a mouse click. 

Until late 1993, all three of these 
programs were primarily on equal 
footing. Word and WordPerfect 
have recently been upgraded 
(both are now at version 6.0), and 
Word now has a strong lead in the 
features race. WordPerfect has 
caught up with Ami Pro in some ar- 
eas, such as automated templates, 
and moved slightly ahead in oth- 
ers, like providing context-sensitive 
help with the right mouse button. 

None of this is to say that Ami Pro 
is not a great program. It's very 
powerful and easy to use. Lotus is 
a strong competitor, and an immi- 
nent Ami Pro upgrade will undoubt- 
edly catapult it into the lead in the 
features race. For now, though, 
Word and WordPerfect sport long- 

er lists of impressive features, 
especially in the interface and au- 
tomation arenas— all adding up to 
further ease of use. 

Interface Magic 

While all three programs sport use- 
ful button and icon bars, Word and 
WordPerfect have upgraded their 

Customizable Ami Pro Smartlcons 

Word for Windows macro 

WordPerfect automated templates 

implementations substantially. 
Both programs now have context- 
sensitive button bars. When you ed- 
it text, the program displays the 
appropriate icons. When you work 
with a graphic or chart, the proper 
shortcut tools pop up. Both pro- 
grams now offer help in using the 
icons, by displaying descriptions 
of each one when you run the 
mouse cursor over them (a feature 
Ami Pro already had). Double-click- 

ing on an object brings up the 
tools needed to edit that object, 
and you can get context-sensitive 
quick menus by clicking the right 
mouse button. 

Both Word and WordPerfect 
have also done away with their sep- 
arate, noneditable print previews. 
You can now display and edit your 
documents in a wide range of 
zoom levels. In Word you can see 
thumbnail views of multiple pages, 
so that you can check your lay- 
outs — and you can even edit in 
thumbnail mode! 


Unfortunately, word processors 
can't compose your documents for 
you — but these products come pret- 
ty close. All three programs pro- 
vide strong macro features that al- 
low you to record virtually any com- 
bination of keystrokes and play the 
combinations back as often as you 
like. And with a little programming 
savvy, you can create macros that 
make decisions based on variables 
in your document or based on user 
input. Depending on your dedica- 
tion to learning the macro-building 
facility, you can even add your own 
dialog boxes that allow you to modi- 
fy the action a macro takes. Word 
takes automation to new heights 
with automatic typing options. And 
all three programs ship with highly 
sophisticated automated templates. 

Perhaps the most exciting 
advance in automation is Micro- 
soft's new IntelliSense technology, 
which provides an exciting new fea- 
ture (among others) called 
AutoCorrect that automatically cor- 
rects words as you type. The pro- 
gram ships with about ten auto- 
matic corrections, to which you 
can add your own. While WordPer- 
fect can't match AutoCorrect, it 
does have an option called Abbre- 
viations that lets you store large 
blocks of text and expand them by 
typing short two- or three-letter 
abbreviations. Word and Ami Pro 
have similar glossary options, but 
they are not nearly as easy to use. 

Windows applications depend 
increasingly on templates, where 




all you do is type; the program 
takes care of formatting. All three 
programs have great templates, 
complete with extensive style 
sheets that make paragraph format- 
ting all but automatic. However, all 
three programs now take the idea 
of templates further by providing 
automated templates that prompt 
you for information as you create 
your document. Again, Word 
leaps out ahead with Wizards. If 
you are familiar with other Microsoft 
programs, such as Publisher or 
PowerPoint 4.0, you know about 
Wizards. Wizards are automated 
templates that literally create doc- 
uments for you. All you do is type. 
And if that's not enough, the pro- 
gram comes with several boiler- 
plate letters where all you do is 
enter the recipient's name and 

Until voice recognition takes off — 
when we'll virtually dictate to our 
computers— it's hard to imagine 
automation advancing much further. 

Word-Crunching Prowess 

A disadvantage of Windows word 
processors is that they require 
much stronger machines to 
stretch out. You need enough mem- 
oryfor Windows and the word proces- 
sor. If you create long documents 
or use a lot of graphics, your com- 
puter can slow down substantially. 
Each program has a suggested mini- 
mum RAM and system requirement; 
however, these requirements are 
minimal and do not allow for optimal 
performance. Here, Ami Pro excels. 
It requires the least amount of RAM 
and runs fastest on all systems. Ami 
Pro proves that there is an 
advantage to not loading a program 
down with features. 

To get a feel for how well each 
program uses memory and system 
resources, I ran them on three dif- 
ferent computers: a 25-MHz 386SX 
with 8MB RAM, a 33-MHz 486DX 
with 20MB RAM, and a 60-MHz 
Pentium with 16MB RAM. Perfor- 
mance issues are discussed below 
in the individual reviews. Suffice it to 
say, though, that unless you have 
a 486, you should not attempt to run 

18 COMPUTE MAY 1994 


OK, so you've decided to buy a Windows word processor. Which one 
is right for you? 

Features Champ 

Speed Champ 

Best Ail-Around Product 

(on a reasonably fast 

Microsoft Word 6.0 for Windows. Its au- 
tomation features — AutoFormat, Auto- 
Corrrect, Wizards, and so on — are 
matched nowhere. 

Ami Pro 3.01 . If you have a 286 or a slow 
386 or 486, you'll sacrifice performance us- 
ing one of the others. Ami Pro is the hands- 
down speed demon here. 

Microsoft Word 6.0 for Windows. 

For the best value, buy a suite: either 
or Borland Office. 

licrosoft Office, Lotus SmartSuite, 


WordPerfect 6.0. Word ran passa- 
bly on the 386, but I would never at- 
tempt to run it on a 286. If you're look- 
ing for robust performance, Ami Pro 
leaves the others in the dust. 

Suite Integration 

As with all software applications, you 
should buy the one that best fits 
your needs. Keep in mind that all 
three of these products are strong 

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word processors capable of produc- 
ing almost any kind of document. 
The two issues you should consider 
are the power of your system and 
how you plan to use the product 
(which includes using it with other pro- 
grams, such as your spreadsheet 
and presentation packages). 

Along with ease of use and au- 
tomation, integration is becoming 
an increasingly important issue for 
Windows applications. If you plan 
to use these products in conjunc- 
tion with other applications, you'll 

find the best integration among pro- 
ducts by the same vendor. Ami Pro, 
for example, has an interface that's 
almost identical to the interface 
used by Lotus 1-2-3 and Freelance 
Graphics. Icon bars are the same, 
and like actions are performed with 
the same commands. Furthermore, 
Ami Pro knows exactly how to han- 
dle imported data from other Lotus 
programs, and vice versa. When 
you import an Ami Pro outline into 
Freelance Graphics, for instance, 
the presentation program instantly 
turns the outline into a presentation. 
Each top-level topic becomes a 
new slide, and lower-level topics be- 
come bullet points. 

You'll find this same level of 
integration among Microsoft 
Word, Excel, and PowerPoint, and 
among WordPerfect, WordPerfect 
Presentations, and Borland's Quat- 
tro Pro (Borland and WordPerfect 
Corporation are cooperating to in- 
tegrate their products). In fact, you 
can buy these integrated products 
in bundles called suites. Suites con- 
tain word-processing, spread- 
sheet, presentation, E-mail, and 
database programs, all in the 
same low-priced package. The 
good news is that, if you look 
around, you can find a Microsoft, 
Lotus, or WordPerfect/Borland 
suite for about the same price as 
one of these word processors. 





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Ami Pro has been the unsung 
hero among Windows word proc- 
essors. Although usually a step or 
two ahead in the features race, 
providing the most power and 
ease of use, it has garnered a sig- 
nificantly smaller chunk of the word- 
processing market share. However, 
recent upgrades of competing prod- 
ucts have put Ami Pro slightly be- 
hind the others in features. 

While this program has every- 
thing that you need to produce 
mail merges, long documents, 
legal pleadings, and all other types 
of documents, Ami Pro excels at 
page layout. In fact, last year I com- 
pared it to three low-end desktop 
publishing packages, including the 
popular Microsoft Publisher, and I 
found it superior in many ways. 

Ami Pro uses aframed-object ap- 
proach to page layout that's simi- 
lar to the approach taken by Ven- 
tura Publisher but not nearly as 
complicated. You can, for exam- 
ple, place columns in any text 
frame. You can stack frames and 
control their stacking order using a 
procedure that's very similar to the 
one in PageMaker. Ami Pro automat- 
ically (and adroitly) wraps text 
around graphics; it even contours 
text around irregularly shaped im- 
ages—a task that Ventura Publish- 
er has not learned yet. 

Need mail merge? Ami Pro 
makes it almost effortless. All you 
do is select Merge from the File 
menu, and a three-step dialog box 
guides you through the procedure. 
It prompts you for fields as you cre- 



Lotus Ami Pro 3.01 

Suggested retail price: $495, $795 

lor SmartSuite 

Word-Processing Division 
lOOOAbernathyRd., Ste. 1700 
Atlanta, GA 30328 
(800) 831-9679 
(404) 391-0011 

In Briel: Ami Pro 3.01 is a strong 
word processor; upgrades of the 
other two leading word processors 
have left it slightly behind in the 
features race. 

ate the database. Ami Pro keeps 
your merge fields in a card-file-like 
database. This feature is so func- 
tional that many Ami Pro users use 
it as a simple flat-file database for 
contact and address management. 

If this doesn't make managing 
your mail-outs easy enough, con- 
sider Ami Pro's envelope-printing 
interface, which is terrifically graph- 
ic. As you create a return 
address, you see exactly how it's 
formatted on the envelope. In addi- 
tion, you can effortlessly save a va- 
riety of return addresses. 

While Ami Pro does not have 
right-mouse-button context-sensi- 

tive menus, this doesn't mean 
your right mouse button is useless. 
When you click the right mouse but- 
ton on an object, such as, say, a 
text frame, you get a dialog box for 
formatting the frame. While I don't 
find this as functional as the men- 
us that pop up in WordPerfect and 
Word, it is helpful— and Ami Pro 
was first to put the right mouse but- 
ton to use. It was also first to pro- 
vide context-sensitive descriptions 
of tools and menu commands. 
When you pass your mouse cur- 
sor over a tool, icon, or menu com- 
mand, you get a description on 
the menu bar. 

You'll also like how easily the pro- 
gram lets you customize the inter- 
face. You can, for example, cus- 
tomize the icon bar (Smartlcons) 
for working with specific docu- 
ment types. You can create sev- 
eral Smartlcon configurations, 
such as one for letters, one for 
newsletters, one for reports, and 
so on, and use them as needed. 
The icon bar in Ami Pro is very sim- 
ilar to the ones in 1-2-3 and 
Freelance, and there's a lot to be 
said for having all your programs 
look and feel the same. It can 
save you a lot of time, which is, af- 
ter all , one of the primary concepts 
behind Windows. 

Ami Pro - |Untilled:2| 

Elle Edit View Iexl Style Eage Fiame Tools Window Help 

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Friday. Januar 

Recipient Nan- 

City, State ZIP 


Personal Information 


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Type the rdormation that you wouW like for your automated style sheets. 

Dear Dear, 

Type the text of your letter here 

: Aiial 


18 ' crSamipioSdocs 



Ami Pro automated document templates save time and effort. 

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Automap Road Atlas is a snap to use - just enter your start and 
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Automap puts you in the 
driver's seat forplanning travel, 
too. Just select how you want 

to drive. Whether it's the quickest, shortest, or alternative route; laid-back 
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Circle Reader Service Number 137 


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Ami Pro uses Freelance Graphics' org chart feature. 

This brings us to ease of use. 
Ami Pro has terrific documenta- 
tion, including a helpful section 
about getting started. But the real 
story here is the extremely user- 
friendly online tutorial. The first 
time you start the program, you'll 
see a QuickStart tutorial. Quick- 
Start takes you through the basics 
of using the program and then al- 
lows you to review more complex 
issues such as mail merge, tables, 
and long documents. You can ex- 
it the tutorial at any time, and you 
can call it up whenever you need 
to refresh your memory. 

If, after going through the great 
documentation and tutorial, you're 
still stumped, you'll find that Lo- 
tus's technical support is tops. Eve- 
ry time I call, I get a courteous, 
knowledgeable technician who an- 
swers all my questions effortlessly. 
And I never have to stay on hold 
long, either. 

Ami Pro is a great word proces- 
sor; the only reason it doesn't 
stand out as the best program is 
that recent upgrades to Word and 
WordPerfect have brought some 
new features into the mix that Ami 
Pro doesn't yet have. Still, it has all 
the power and all the capabilities 
that most people need. 

Circle Reader Service Number 371 




OK, let's get this out of the way 
first: Microsoft Word is a powerful 
word processor capable of creat- 
ing all types of documents. It 
makes mail merges and long doc- 
uments a snap. Its easy-to-use- 
and-configure button bar and rul- 
er make formatting simple. Anoth- 

Microsolt Word 6.0 for Windows 
Suggested retail price: $495, $750 
for Microsoft Office Standard 4.0 
(Word for Windows, Excel, 
PowerPoint, and workstation 
license for Mail), $899 for Microsoft 
Office Professional 4.0 (adds 

One Microsoft Way 
Redmond, WA 98052 
(800) 426-9400 
(206) 882-8080 

In Brief: Microsoft Word 6.0 builds 
upon an already strong word 
processor; this new version 
redefines the concepts of ease of 
use and automated word 

er exciting aspect of version 6.0 
is its implementation of OLE 2.0, 
the recent upgrade to Microsoft's 
object linking and embedding 
technology. But the real issues in 
this recent upgrade are automa- 
tion and ease of use. 

Word's ease of use starts with 
its extensive online tutorials. 
There are two: "Quick Preview" 
and "Examples and Demos." 
Quick Preview provides an inter- 
active, animated overview of the 
program, including a strong Get- 
ting Started section and a descrip- 
tion of new features in version 
6.0. There is also a good compar- 
ison of Word and WordPerfect fea- 
tures that shows you how Word 
performs similar functions. Exam- 
ples and Demos is an extensive 
collection of procedure demon- 
strations you can run at any time 
to learn how to perform many func- 
tions or just refresh your memory 
of those functions, such as page 
layout and design, creating style 
sheets, and so on. 

Microsoft's new IntelliSense tech- 
nology provides many exciting 
new features, including the one 
called AutoCorrect that automat- 
ically corrects words as you type. 
The program ships with ten or so 
automatic corrections, such as / 
for /', separate for seperate, don't 
for don;t, and occurrence for oc- 
curence. And you can add as 
many as you like. Combine this 

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Questions?Call 1-800-695-4005. 
Send e-mail to 

Circle Reader Service Number 161 


Microsoft Word - Document2 






















M an us ci 3 


Me mo 2 


(•' Document 

C Example 

C Style Sample 


Style Gallery 

* of: Classic Directory ^^ 




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HDwHtM uv 4wlwa|W«lCi 


*M^ ..)<*. F'flldrKt!# I Mi*., 


way to produce potato rubes - 
■ |1B|-»I«I 


Browne ot app^» styles fiom templates 

Word's AutoFormat feature scans text and formats the letter. 

with Word's extensive grammar- 
checking utility, and you may nev- 
er make another mistake. 

Automation is further en- 
hanced with Wizards. Word has 
always had powerful, interactive 
templates that prompt you for 
information and then format a doc- 
ument based on your answers. 
The Wizards feature takes this con- 
cept into a new realm. The letter 
Wizard, for example, lets you 
choose among several different 
styles, including Modern, Classic, 
and Business. After prompting you 
for data, the Wizard then creates 
your letter template. All you do is 
type the letter. You can even 
choose to have Help displayed dur- 
ing the letter creation process. Or 
you can choose to have Word 
write the letter for you, from a 
database of boilerplate letters. 

For business letters, for in- 
stance, you have a variety of cir- 
cumstances to choose from: 
"Apology, delivery delayed," 
"Credit report request," and 
many others. These are quite 
well written and useful. 

Another feature that will amaze 
you is AutoFormat. All you do is 
type unformatted text, and then 
select the AutoFormat command 
on the Format menu. Word then 

scans the document and lets you 
select a template from the Style 
Gallery. Before you select a tem- 
plate, a thumbnail preview can 
show you how the document will 
look. Word then formats your doc- 
ument, including paragraphs, lay- 
out, fonts, etc. The professionally 
designed templates create very 
nice-looking documents — that 
you and your organization can be 



proud of — almost instantly! 

Want drag and drop? Word's 
implementation of OLE 2.0 pro- 
vides new drag-and-drop features 
that seem like magic. All three pro- 
grams reviewed here let you drag 
text and graphics to anywhere in 
a document. Word lets you also 
drag text and graphics between 
any open documents. Not im- 
pressed yet? You can also drag 
and drop data between Word and 
any other OLE 2.0 application, 
such as Excel 5.0 or PowerPoint 
4.0, both of which should be avail- 
able by the time you read this. So 
far, Word is the only word proces- 
sor to incorporate this ability. 

An area where previous ver- 
sions of Word fell short of Ami Pro 
and WordPerfect is the compiling 
of long documents. Most book 
and manual writers do not create 
long documents all in the same 
document file. Instead, they cre- 
ate a series of chapters or sec- 
tions. Both Ami Pro and WordPer- 
fect provide master document 
features that make combining sev- 
eral documents easy. This ver- 
sion of Word not only adds master 
documents but also improves the 
procedures for marking text for 
inclusion in tables of contents and 

Microsoft Word - Document2 

» I File Edit View Insert Format Tools Table Window Help 

Letter Wizard KRPjH 

Which type of paper wilt you piint the letter 

<* Letterhead stationery 
C Plain paper 

Cancel <Back Next> 

Word's Wizards are automated, interactive templates. 


indices. No longer must you under- 
stand Word's complex merge lan- 
guage to create long documents. 
Simply follow the procedures laid 
out in the dialog boxes. 

Also improved is Word's im- 
plementation of mail merge. No 
longer is it necessary for you to 
type complicated merge terms at 
the beginning of primary merge 
documents. Word now auto- 
mates the process by scanning 
the merge documents and prompt- 
ing you to enter the proper 
codes. Mail merge has tradition- 
ally been one of Word's more dif- 
ficult procedures; it's a relief that 
Microsoft has fixed it. 

I could go on raving about the 
new features in Word, but I have 
only so much space. This is a mar- 
velous program worthy of your 
consideration, especially if you 
have a reasonably fast computer 
or if you use other Microsoft prod- 
ucts. Word makes word process- 
ing easier and more fun. 

If you can't find the help you 
need in the extensive online tuto- 
rials and documentation, you can 
get excellent support from Micro- 
soft's technical support team. 
They answer the phone quickly 
and call back promptly. The tech- 
nicians are well-trained. However, 
this program puts so much help at 
your fingertips that you probably 
won't have to call technical sup- 
port often. For now, Word 6.0 is 
ahead in the features race. If you 
are not yet using a Windows word 
processor, this is the one to get. 

Circle Reader Service Number 372 

WordPerfect 6.0 for Windows 
Suggested retail price: $495, $595 
for Borland Office 


1555 N. Technology Way 

Orem, UT 84057 

(800) 451-5151 

(801) 225-5000 

In Brief: WordPerfect 6.0 is a strong 
word processor, though a little 
sluggish and rough around the 
edges. It's the next logical step for 
the millions of WordPerfect for DOS 
users moving to Windows. 


In the world of DOS, WordPerfect 
is the hands-down favorite. The 
transition to Windows, however, 
has been difficult for this popular 
word processor. Version 5.1 was 
buggy and slow. Version 5.2 
fixed many of those problems. Ver- 
sion 6.0 is rich in features, 
although it's too sluggish for the 
average computer. 

In some ways WordPerfect is 
still the easiest of the Windows 
word processors to use, and it ex- 

cels in some areas, such as its 
long document formatting and its 
powerful macro utility that comes 
with over 800 new commands. 
Also, only WordPerfect lets you cre- 
ate and save multiple keyboard 
configurations. Granted, this 
seems like an obscure, high-end 
use of the product. However, 
once you get used to configuring 
your keyboard to specific docu- 
ment types, you'll wonder how you 
did without it. For example, I have 
one keyboard configuration for 
articles, one for books, and yet 
another for creating text for laying 
out in PageMaker. 

How does this keyboard con- 
figuration work? My articles key- 
board has macros assigned to 
keystroke combinations specific 
to formatting and writing articles — 
combinations, for example, allow- 
ing me to create hanging indent 
bullets with a single keystroke. 
The book keyboard has special 
keystrokes for creating num- 
bered lists, inserting figures, mark- 
ing text for indices, and so on. 
The page layout keyboard lets 
me insert style-sheet formatting 
codes used to format paragraphs 
in PageMaker. By using the key- 
board configuration feature in con- 
junction with WordPerfect's mul- 

WordPerfect - [cA...\biking3.wpdl 

Eilc Edit View Insert payout ]_ools Graphics Table Window Help 



;f= j fJ !--'.y i j Equation Editor 

New Rule ?- 

le Road 




[Dver the past ?5 years W/W Smith jfoc basgonefrom a small >nz man catalog merchandising 

>perahofl in Athens North 2arolinat< imufa-miJIi o foliar industry leader in outdooi thing 


Time; New Roman Regular 1 2 pt 

Pgl U4.37"Fo;V 

Click with the right mouse button for context-sensitive menus. 




WPDraw-[Document1 In WordPerfect] 

| File fcdjl View Data Chart Oplions \Vinclow Help 

1 [~] |Ni.rlh 










Sales '94 

Return j ; Update j j Redraw [ | 

Chart Q Choose Reluin to insa' chcil into client document 

WordPerfect includes a charting utility and a draw program. 

tiple Button Bars, you can custom- 
ize this program to work exactly 
the way you do. 

Another big addition to version 
6.0 is a collection of automated 
templates. You can use them to 
create automatically any number 
of documents, including resumes, 

letters, and reports. Each template 
prompts you for data that helps 
make creating the document easi- 
er, such as recipient name and 
address, subject, and so on. This 
latest version of WordPerfect also 
offers a bunch of new macros for 
automating common tasks. The 

one I liked most creates a drop 
cap, or large first letter, in a para- 
graph automatically. (However, 
Word has a command that does 
the same thing, and it's much 
more versatile.) 

This version of WordPerfect 
also ships with two graphics mod- 
ules: a charting utility and a draw 
program. Ami Pro and Word have 
had them for a while. Both of 
WordPerfect's modules are fairly 
sophisticated. However, WordPer- 
fect still handles graphics clumsi- 
ly. You cannot, for example, draw 
directly on the document page (ex- 
cept for lines). You must use OLE 
or Cut and Paste. 

WordPerfect ships with a nifty 
text manipulation utility called Text- 
Art, which is similar to Word's Word- 
Art. With it you can create almost 
every kind of artistic text you can 
think of. You can, for example, 
form text on an arc, a circle, or hun- 
dreds of other shapes. I used it to 
create some impressive drop shad- 
ows for a newsletter. 

My major objection to WordPer- 
fect is that it's much too sluggish 
for the average computer, mak- 

For one reason or another, not all 
COMPUTE readers run Windows. 
I've talked to a number of them who 
don't want anything to do with a pro- 
gram that requires so much in the 
way of system resources. They'd rath- 
er use DOS applications that fly on 
their modest machines — usually 
with considerably fewer perform- 
ance problems. Those of you who 
do not run Windows will be happy to 
know that WordPerfect Corporation 
and Microsoft have not forgotten 
you. Both companies have released 
new DOS versions (both are version 
6.0) of their word processors. The 
good news is that they're both per- 
formance screamers. 

Why Not Windows? 

So what do you give up by not using 
Windows? Frankly, quite a bit. Most 
notably, you do not run your pro- 
grams under a common shell, 
where all of them can share infor- 
mation. Windows' Cut and Paste, 


OLE, and other data-sharing options 
integrate your various software appli- 
cations in ways DOS cannot come 
close to matching. DOS programs 
also do not provide the multimedia 
options found in Windows. Even 
though both Word 6.0 for DOS and 
WordPerfect 6.0 for DOS allow you 
to share information with Windows 
programs when you run them in a 
DOS box under Windows, if you're go- 
ing to do that, you may as well run 

You do not give up the WYSIWYG 
graphics interface any longer, 
though. Both programs now have Win- 
dows-like interfaces that allow you to 
see how a document will print while 
you work on it. They also use True- 
Type and Type 1 fonts quite adroit- 
ly. Until now, using soft fonts in DOS 
applications has been a chore. 

What do you gain? Like a finely 
tuned automobile, a DOS word proc- 
essor responds quickly and decisive- 
ly. When you issue a command, it's 

carried out. You don't sit there wait- 
ing for your computer to perform the 
millions of calculations required to 
run the Windows interface in addition 
to your word processor. And now 
that both programs sport graphical 
interfaces, you can use your DOS ap- 
plication to lay out brochures and 

You also gain about 80 percent of 
the functionality built into a Windows 
word processor. Wherever possible, 
each program provides the same op- 
tions as its Windows counterpart. The 
best thing about using these packag- 
es is that you don't have to upgrade 
your system to run them comfortably. 
And they run almost identically to the 
Windows versions, which means that 
when you get ready to switch to Win- 
dows, you won't have to relearn the 

You'll never use Windows, you 
say? If you continue computing on a 
PC and evolving with technology — 
you will use Windows. It's inevitable. 



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(And Check Out New 
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' Circle Rei 



NO PURCHASE NECESSARY TO ENTER OR CLAIM A PRIZE. I . HOW TO ENTER: Completely till out the official entry blank (print only ), or on a 3" x 5" card print vour complete name and address, 
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sale display. 'fonnu-rripiete. illegible entries or late, lust. niLiuiatcd. for postage Jlic nr undirected m.iil. ; JUDGING: Winners will be selected in a random drawing from all entries received on or abotil July 
I, I994byMarden-Kane. Inc. an independent judging oreiifitfiiiiiitivvii^-erves the exclusive right to imerpret all conditions in regard to this promoijiii! withoiit claim ioid,im;ii;e or recourse of any kind. By 

IJLi ^: .l;-. : - ii-iT . ;. !:,>:. :-..--. ■.■::-.:. i :ii-.ic:cc :.-.!'. ur.ii "v -j- r.:'x~ :e:J 'lie -.kvi-:iJ:i '-ftlv ::a!ge- -A hi Ji ai.-.l '■•■; •':::..'. -.:.;>; ;/c- ■.'..:' >v .c.-- ,-.: ''.-J i h,[--.-\ ■:.::■, :■ = ,; ;■;!;■• /:-.■; ■;-.:.... 

Onk n':ic prize pc: pcr-c'n. :>srn:i;..i ng.nn/atN'ii <e h..>i.;«ei:":d. .-. \UT1H( -V]"K)N: Winners v.iii he iHtitiedbv iiiai-.indujjl be rcouiicci ttwgneat Aind:n it of legibility and PuolMtyi.iahtliiv Fie lease which 
must be returned within 2 I days from date of notification, if the winner isan inor. the uffidavii must he signed b\ the parent or legal guardian I: rl^ea:T:davii is riot returned '.<i;hin['ms time period propcrlv executed, 
or is returned from the post o'flke as^e 'A innei^siu ill ix: -elected. Wmuet-'gia.'Li permission tmhe: use ul their a.nne, pih'togi^ph/hkenes- for ;:dse!iisi[!g and promotion for this and 
similar promotions witiiout compensation. 4. PRIZi-S: Prizes arid their. : priro\!iiu;e retail vabe> are: i h (iraiid P::/.c Cwicruv : " MPC CD-ROM computer from Swan Technologies that includes -JSfiD/JCimh/. 
4MB RAM. 3K Wnte-hacl, and i:SK externa! cache, 1.44 MB 1.3.5") and 1.2 MB (5.25" floppy driven I'M MB hard J;.-.. VESA Local Bus il MB video), mouse, CD-RO\hlr/.c...i.!-:ihl t -pecdi. sound card 
(In bit), stereo speakers, microphone. 12 month on-. tic warrant., ntonidr included. S.'ltware include- MS-DOS fi.i.i. MS Windows ■ ^ 3.1. MS Monev. M.S Products its Pack. MS Entertainment Pack 4. 
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4MPCandlhSl,<K>OT,H Shopping Spree. ReiaiU.ii'.ie cf ci.:::.i :v:/c ;- v.3')'i fa-: p'; ; - ■>.■;<,■:.■.■:■- ■.-;,: rc-.:.-i ":■ S,: ; -., li ■.;:.: b;L- >-■■=■ :■■... 2 >x!:.M:n '7."' 

hikes for kids^S TO). The seeonJ pi i/c winners 'a iil receive one m twcr.t; 'etsofMicr. 'blade in-l-aic-ka:..- i:o:i.Ro:k'rMai!-.-.iiu:pri.tee;:\e-.::cl) pa,:-. 'inciiaie- l,iicep:"f-. /aw p. ,K ,:>;..; w.-;,: ei.,ir.K. kei.iii 
value is $250 each. Third prize winner- ,i iil receive one of lWTiik Ha.l" watches from the makers of Swatch (value S25 each). Total value ot all the onzes is S2I.OO0. Chances of winning are determined 
bythetoiaJ number of valid entries received. 5. GENERAL CONDITIONS: WiraiL-isa^eptitigpR/csagree that all prizes areawa^ 

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htLsneilhermadenoihinanv manner responsible or liable for any w arrai'.ty, representation, guarantee expressed or implied, in fact or in law. relative loany prize, including but not limited to, itsqualitv, mechanical 
condition or fitness All taxes. ;rc the ,oie respci-ibil;;;. of the « inner-. No pn.'e substitutions permitted except b\ sponsordue to unavailability m isliieh ea.-ea ori/c of canal o; greater value will be awarded. 
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of Nintendo. Super Nintendo Entertain me lit System, Super NES and \ES aicregt-tered .■: Ninienc,- . ■ \v.:r:.„ !-■; IBMJs a registered tratfanafTcol imernane-na. Baanss W« iunes Corp. Macintosh is a 
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;:.:CM:.;is- ■' R.'.!,-;-!..c-. . I". : :: :-: P. .a > „ tr. ;i ic:::.::>. : Sv.. ; ;J- ■..,:,a-.-. 

Circle Reader Service Number 144 

0tt^ The Software Toolworks 

^ OUT OF THIS WORLD Sweepstakes 

.State Zip_ 





To enter; Print your name address, city, state, zip code, 
phone number, ase and the words: Out Of This World 
Sweepstakes on a 3"x 5" card or complete this entry blank 
Mail entry to The Software Toolworks, Out Of This world 
Sweepstakes, PO Box 5939, Novato, Ca 94948-5939. 
| All entries must be postmarked no later than 5/31/94. 


ing big demands on system re- 
sources. You get good results 
only on a high-end system, such 
as a fast 486 with lots of RAM or 
a Pentium. In fact, in my tests 
some of the tasks, such as chang- 
ing views, took far too long on the 
486. On the 386SX/25? Frankly— 
forget it! However, if you are a 
WordPerfect for DOS user, you'll 
find WordPerfect for Windows 
easy to use. Both Ami Pro and 

Word offer help to users switch- 
ing from WordPerfect (still the 
world's most popular word proc- 
essor). But there's nothing quite 
like using the real thing — especial- 
ly if that's what you're used to. 

Another advantage to using 
WordPerfect products is the com- 
pany's famous support program. 
WordPerfect Corporation is one 
of only a handful of software pub- 
lishers that provide toll-free tech- 

nical support. You can call any 
time— day or night— as often as 
you want to get help using the 
product. If you are new to com- 
puters or to Windows software in 
general, this is a valuable feature. 
Calling Lotus or Microsoft during 
peak hours can get expensive. 

WordPerfect 6.0 is a powerful 
word processor with a features list 
topped only by Microsoft Word's. 

Circle Reader Service Number 373 


A few years ago, before Windows 
word processors came of age, when- 
ever people told me they planned to 
do some desktop publishing with 
word processing software, I immedi- 
ately felt sorry for them. Desktop pub- 
lishing with a character-based word 
processor is clumsy and unnatural. 
But with today's strong Windows- 
based WYSIWYG word processors, 
the line between word processing 
and desktop publishing is no longer 
as distinct. In fact, because word 
processing software makes such effi- 
cient use of the Windows interface, 
it is often more efficient to lay out cer- 
tain types of documents in a word 
processor than in a desktop publish- 
ing software package. 

The question many would-be desk- 
top publishers surely must be asking 
themselves is, Why bother with expen- 
sive, hard-to-learn page layout soft- 
ware? That's a good question. And 
the answer is that in many situations 
you shouldn't. The best reason to 
use a word processor for page lay- 
out is that often it is much easier. 

There's a distinct advantage to 
doing all the work in one program. No 
matter how strong the support be- 
tween applications, seldom can you 
import text from one type of program 
to another without some reformatting. 
Formatting a document as you type 
is highly convenient, which means 
you save time. Now that PageMaker 
and Ventura Publisher have spelling 
checkers and search and replace, 
you could create text in layout soft- 
ware, but the truth is that today's 
word processors are faster and just 
plain easier to use. 

Another area where word proces- 
sors outstrip page layout programs 
is support for data exchange among 

themselves. Word processors can 
easily swap files. For example, if you 
create a document — complete with 
graphics, text boxes, and tables — in 
Word for Windows and give the docu- 
ment to an associate (who uses 
WordPerfect for Windows) for edit- 
ing, he or she can access this docu- 
ment with little or no fuss. And fre- 
quently the transfer requires little or 
no reformatting. 





m — : : — ' ' 


To date, there is no way to open 
a PageMaker document in Ventura, 
a QuarkXpress file in FrameMaker, 
and so on — even with a conversion 
program. And there probably won't 
be any time soon. Page layout ap- 
plications depend heavily on styles 
(or "tags," as Ventura calls them) for 
formatting text. A style is simply a set 
of instructions, including type style, 
size, alignment, placement on the 
page — almost any attribute that you 
can think of. You can even include 
text color, add rules (lines) above, 
below, or around a paragraph, and 
place text in relation to other text. 
Styles save a great deal of time by 
letting you tag blocks of text from a 
style sheet, or list, instead of format- 
ting each paragraph by hand. They 
also help maintain precision and 
consistency. Once you have defined 

it, a style remembers all of the format- 
ting. You, on the other hand, are lia- 
ble to forget. 

Word processors also have 
styles — and they are just as powerful 
as the style sheets in desktop pub- 
lishing packages. Almost any text at- 
tribute you can assign to text in the 
word processor can be included in 
a style. Furthermore, other word proc- 
essors can convert them, and so 
can PageMaker, though not quite as 
well. (All the text in the sample docu- 
ments used to illustrate this article 
was formatted with styles.) Although 
some desktop publishing programs 
have table editors, they are nowhere 
near as easy to use or as versatile 
as those found in the top three Win- 
dows word processors. Tables are 
simply combinations of text and 
graphics, and since they display da- 
ta in columns and rows of cells, they 
can also be likened to spreadsheets. 
To create a table in, say, WordPer- 
fect for Windows, you just click on a 
button, then select the number of 
rows and columns. In Ventura you de- 
fine your table in a clumsy dialog 
box. PageMaker requires you to use 
another program (Table Editor) alto- 
gether and then import the table as 
a graphics file, which means it can- 
not be edited. And in the top three 
Windows word processors, you can 
link word processor tables to spread- 
sheets, so that data is updated au- 
tomatically when the spreadsheet 

Where word processors fall short 
is in support for high-end layout fea- 
tures, such as color separations for 
printing presses and delicate type 
manipulation. But you really can get 
by with your word cruncher in most 

28 COMPUTE MAY 1994 




1 . 0. 




I I 


-., ^ 

The U 

W D R D 

n t 


Ordering information 
1-800- WEB-FEET 

Circle Reader Service Number 110 



* 0. 


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Claim the title of SUPREME 
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A simple concept... depending on 
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Lotus Ami Pro 

Microsoft Word 






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'WordPerfect Corporation strongly suggests 6-8MB. 

"You can draw rules (lines) only. 

30 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

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Circle Reader Service Number 192 


Tom Campbel 

Too many reviews 

of Visual C++ 

have been little more 

than reprinted 

press releases. 


Visual C++ is probably not 
news to you. Microsoft re- 
leased it a year ago, but I held 
off talking about it until I'd 
done some real-life projects 
with it. Too many reviews of Vis- 
ual C++ have been little more 
than reprinted press releases, 
because Visual C++ is a mas- 
sive product and it takes a 
while for anyone to grow accus- 
tomed to such a revolutionary 
change of environment. 

For those of you who have 
just been released from Bio- 
sphere II and don't know 
about Visual C+ + , here's a 
thumbnail sketch. Visual C++ 
is a complete revamping of 
the Microsoft C/C++ develop- 
ment environment, almost all 
Windows hosted (at last) and 
emphasizing C++ over C. In ef- 
fect, the astounding Microsoft 
Foundation Classes (MFC) 
C++ class library is the new 
Windows API. A number of in- 
credibly useful tools called Wiz- 
ards will step you through the 
creation of C++ apps of medi- 
um complexity, but they fail 
miserably when you have to 
step outside their limits. 

For example, I'm writing a da- 
tabase that has spread- 
sheetlike views of the data, 
along with form views. The 
best way to do that is to use 
MDI child windows, but the 
Class Wizard tools only sup- 
port a single type of MDI 
child, though MFC suffers no 
such limitations. The creation 
of Windows resources (such 
as dialogs, cursors, icons, 
bitmaps, and even the Alt-ac- 
celerator keys) and their mad- 
deningly complicated re- 
source scripts is handled beau- 
tifully by AppStudio, as revo- 
lutionary a departure from re- 
source creation compared to 
the old C SDK tools as Visual 
Basic is from C. The price of 
all these toys is 50 to 60 mega- 

bytes of disk space, perhaps 
even more, for a typical devel- 
opment system. Don't skimp 
on RAM, either. You won't like 
developing on a 4-meg ma- 
chine. It's just too slow. 

I still haven't completed any 
major Windows applications us- 
ing MFC, but I'll stick my neck 
out and say that it's the best 
class library I've seen for Win- 
dows. I noticed no speed deg- 
radation in my apps, and the 
extra 100K it adds to a typical 
program is more than justified. 
Even juicier, not long after you 
read this, your MFC applica- 
tions will run unchanged on 
the Macintosh. (So will your 
Visual Basic programs, for 
that matter, but those using 
custom VBX controls won't.) 

To Microsoft's credit, while 
it strongly encourages the use 
of C++, Visual C++ has made 
creating C applications easier 
than ever. I reluctantly moved 
a sizable C project to the Vis- 
ual C++ environment and was 
duly rewarded by background 
compilation, a decent if not 
spectacular editor, and the in- 
credible luxury of AppStudio. 

I found few bugs in the de- 
velopment environment and 
none in the compiler. AppStu- 
dio allows you to open up as 
many windows as you like. 
While attempting to steal 
enough artwork from my Visu- 
al Basic icons to create an 
icon for my own program, I 
found that AppStudio died if I 
opened a dozen or so icons at 
once. This bug will no doubt 
have been fixed by the time 
you buy Visual C++. 

Another "bug," already wide- 
ly remarked on, is the lack of 
template support. If you do an 
FC on the source for Visual 
C++'s dynamic array classes 
for bytes, integers, words, 
strings, and so on, you'll no- 
tice that they're exactly the 
same except for changes in 
the names of data types. This 
is not just a matter for review- 
ers' checklists. It bespeaks a 

very real maintenance issue. 
Anytime code is duplicated 
like that, you can expect prob- 
lems to occur down the line 
when one file is changed but 
not another. Templates would 
eliminate that concern here. 

On the plus side (if I may be 
permitted an obvious pun), 
and far outweighing the mainte- 
nance problem, is the very 
fact that the MFC source is pro- 
vided and even licensed to oth- 
er C++ vendors. That was a 
stroke of pure inspiration and 
a great relief to underfunded 
developers like you and me. 

So that's what Visual C+ + 
is — by far the best Windows 
and Macintosh C++ develop- 
ment environment I've used. 
Here's what Visual C++ is not. 
It's not a Visual Basic equiva- 
lent, despite the name. Visual 
Basic allows you to dispense 
completely with anything re- 
motely like the Windows API 
for the window and control log- 
ic of a typical application. Vis- 
ual C++ is also not for Win- 
dows programming neo- 
phytes. There's no equivalent 
to Charles Petzold's classic 
Programming Windows book 
in the package. There's a very 
good C++ tutorial. And the 
walk-through of the construc- 
tion of a sample MFC app is al- 
so very good — if you already 
know the Windows API . Other- 
wise, it's just a good exercise 
in typing. 

If you want to learn how to 
program Windows with MFC, 
I strongly recommend David 
Kruglinski's Inside Visual C++, 
a 1993 book from Microsoft 
Press. It's a superb primer on 
MFC, and it doesn't assume 
you're a C++ expert. I can't rec- 
ommend it highly enough. I on- 
ly hope that he writes a book 
on OLE 2.0. 

Visual C++ is a brilliantly con- 
ceived development environ- 
ment for C++ with a great 
class library for Windows pro- 
gramming. Easy to learn? No. 
Easy to use? Absolutely. □ 







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Edited by Richard C. Leinecker 

Running your PC at 

a fraction of its 

speed, searching for 

files in all 

the right places, 

and using 

WordPerfect styles 

with elan 

Slow Down Your PC 

I still like to run some of the 
old classic PC games that 
were created when machines 
were slower. The problem is 
that these games run way too 
fast on my 386. To slow 
things down, I use a program 
called AT-SLOW. It uses the 
x86 realtime clock at inter- 
rupt 70h to smoothly slow 
things down. 

AT-SLOW can be found on 
most online services and 
bulletin boards. You can 
also order it from shareware 

PR0V0, UT 

Slow Down Redux 

I wrote my own small TSR 
that does a pretty good job of 
chewing up CPU time so that 
programs run more slowly. 
My program is called Slow, 
and to run it, all you have to 
do is type slow at the com- 
mand line. 

You can type in Slow using 
the DOS Debug command. 
Make sure the DOS program 
called Debug is in your path 
or the current directory. In 
these examples, the italic text 
is what the computer prints; 
the roman text is what you 
should type. One way to be 
sure you get these programs 
exactly right is to have some- 
one read the numbers to you 
as you type them in. Another 
way suggested by one of our 
readers is to read the num- 
bers into a tape recorder and 
then play them back as you 
enter the program code. 


File not found 

-e 100 FA 33 CO 8E D8 C7 06 70 

-e 10800 15 01 8C0E 72 00 FB 

-e110BA24 01 CD 27 51 B9 90 

-e 11800 51 B9 00 03 E2 FE 59 

-e120E2 F7 59 CF 


CX 0000 



Writing 0024 bytes 

The checksum value (see the 
July 1993 "Tips & Tools" col- 
umn) is 04193. 

If this doesn't give you the 
results you want, change the 
value used to determine the 
number of clock cycles that 
are wasted. The last byte in 
the third line has the value of 
90. That's actually 90 hex, 
which has a decimal value of 
144. The greater this number 
is, the more slowly your com- 
puter will go. The smaller it is, 
the faster your computer will 


Easy Searches 

Congratulations. You have a 
great magazine. "Tips & 
Tools" is very helpful, since it 
contains so much useful infor- 
mation for readers. 

I wrote a batch file that I'd 
like to share with you. It's 
called SEARCH.BAT, and it 
gives you an easy way to 
look for a file on a disk. To 
use it, just type search c: file- 
name. ext. It's very important 
not to forget the colon after 
the drive letter and the space 
between the drive designa- 
tion and the filename. (Edi- 
tor's note: An indented line is 
a continuation of the preced- 
ing line.) 


REM First, check to see if we 
REM have two command line 
REM arguments. 
IF "%1"=="" GOTO NoParam 
IF"%2"=="" GOTO NoParam 

REM Display what we're searching 

REM for. 

ECHO Search %2 

REM Let the Dir command do 
REM the actual search with the 
REM /s, /p, and /fa switches. 
DIR %1\%2/s/p/b 


REM Display the syntax and usage 
REM for the batch file if user 
REM didn't give two command 
REM line arguments. 

ECHO Parameter missing! 
[searchdrive]: [file] 



Spaced-out Styles 

WordPerfect for Windows' de- 
fined list of styles is always 
alphabetized no matter in 
what order the individual 
styles were created. To force 
a frequently used style to ap- 
pear at the top of the list, be- 
gin its name with a space. An 
initial space character is alpha- 
betized ahead of the letter A. 
Remember that you name a 
style when you create it. To 
create a style, select Layout, 
Styles, Create, or press Alt- 
F8 and select Create. 


Even Less Time 

In the November 1993 "Tips 
& Tools" column, I saw a tip 
for having the time and date 
appear as the prompt. I 
wrote a batch file that does it 
even better. It's called 

SET PR0MPT=$T$_$D$_ 



SET 0P= 


Word 6 Tools 

Here are two macros that I've 
found very useful when work- 
ing with Word for Windows 

34 COMPUTE MAY 1994 


v> j 









Now moving in a game is as easy as thinking about it. 

Only CyberMan moves in three directions jx, y, and z] 
j and three rotations (pitch, yaw, and roll], which cor- 
' relate directly to your moves inside a 3-D game; your 

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It's also the only controller with tactile feedback that 
makes you a physical part of the game. CyberMan is avail- 
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The Senseware Company 

Circle Reader Service Number 123 


6.0. The first counts the total 
number of lines in a docu- 
ment excluding blank lines, 
and the second saves the 
current document and then 
displays the number of 
words in it. These macros 
are from my forthcoming 
COMPUTE book, Essential 
Word for Windows Tools. 

counter = 
EndOfLine 1 

If Len(Selection$()) > 1 Then 
counter = counter + 1 

If LineDown() <> Then 
Goto topofloop 
Print counter; " lines in 

document" . 
End Sub 

Dim dig As ToolsWordCount 
GetCurValues dig 
MsgBox "Current word count: " 
+ dig. Words 
End Sub 

Another good way to get in- 
formation about your docu- 
ment is to check the docu- 
ment summary with the 
FileSummarylnfo command. 


Better Backups 

Alex Freiberg's QBACK.BAT 
(from the November 1993 
"Tips & Tools") is great for 

quick backups that don't 
take much disk space. I 
found, however, that I need- 
ed something more substan- 
tial for my data. I also want- 
ed more flexibility. 

I wrote BACK. BAT to take 
advantage of PKZIP's disk- 
spanning and subdirectory- 
recursion features, since my 
data files are usually large. 
And very often the data I 
must back up is located in 
several directories. 

Before you use BACK- 
.BAT, make sure PKZIP is in 
your path. In the batch file, 
the -&v switch causes 
PKZIP to use multiple disks 
and turns DOS verify on. (Ed- 
itor's note: The multiple disk 
option is only available on 
registered copies of PKZIP. 
You are strongly encour- 

aged to register your share- 
ware, but a solution for the 
unregistered shareware ver- 
sion will follow next month.) 
The -rp switches recurse sub- 
directories and store the di- 
rectory names in the ZIP 

For added reliability, 
BACK. BAT uses Chkdsk /f 
to ensure that the backup 
disk contains no errors be- 
fore and after the backup. 
In case your backup takes 
more than one disk, the file 
LAST.DSK will be created 
on the last floppy disk you 
use. Because of this you'll 
need to keep your disks num- 
bered. Here is BACK. BAT. 




IF "%1"="a:" GOTO BACKUP 


IF "%1"=="b:" GOTO BACKUP 

IF "%1"=="B:" GOTO BACKUP 





ECHO process may require 

ECHO multiple disks! 


ECHO Insert backup disk 

ECHO in drive %1. 



ECHO Performing disk 

ECHO diagnostics on backup 

ECHO media . . . 




ECHO Backing up: C:\DATA and 

ECHO subdirectories to 

ECHO %1\DATA.ZIP . . . 

PKZIP -&v-rp%1 DATA 


ECHO Backing up: C:\TC\WORK 
ECHO and subdirectories 
ECHO to %1\TCWORK.ZIP . . . 

PKZIP -&v -rp %1TCWORK 



ECHO Backing up: C:\SCHOOL 

ECHO and subdirectories 

ECHO to %1\SCHOOLZIP . . . 


PKZIP -&v -rp %1 SCHOOL 

ECHO Done! 
ECHO Last disk of the 


ECHO Performing disk 

ECHO diagnostics on backup 

ECHO media . . . 

CHKDSK /f %1 

DIR %1 



ECHO Nonremovable media as a 

ECHO destination is not 

ECHO supported. 





You'll have to edit the 

batch file for your needs. 
Add a section for each direc- 
tory you need to back up 
and remove the ones from 
this example that you won't 


If you have an interesting tip 
that you think would help oth- 
er PC users, send it along 
with your name, address, 
and Social Security number 
to COMPUTE'S Tips & 
Tools, 324 West Wendover 
Avenue, Suite 200, Greens- 
boro, North Carolina 27408. 
For each tip we publish, 
we'll pay you $25-$50. All 
tips submitted become the 
property of General Media 
International. n 

The only thing it 

doesn't simulate is 
ear popping. 

If it were any more real, your 
chair would be in a 30° bank. Our 
new Microsoft' Flight Simulator"' 
has four planes, each with its own 
instrument panel created digitally 
from actual photographs. There are 
storm clouds and sunsets to fly 
into. Crashes are scarily real. And 
you can fly to airports anywhere 
in the world. It's just one of the real- 
istic simulations we have waiting for 
you to take control. Eveiything is at 
your reseller. So, take off. 

© 1994 Microsoft Corp. All rights 

:d. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp. Flight Simulator is a trademark of Bruce A. Artwick. 


Mark Minasi 

Cabling and 

termination determine 

the performance of 

your SCSI-2 system. 


In previous columns, I've dis- 
cussed choosing SCSI host 
adapters, setting SCSI ID val- 
ues, and enabling or disabling 
SCSI parity. 

This month, we'll tackle the 
last two steps of physically in- 
stalling a SCSI subsystem: ca- 
bling it and setting up its 

Many of you will put only 
one or two SCSI devices on a 
PC, but SCSI can easily sup- 
port seven peripherals off a sin- 
gle SCSI host adapter. (A sin- 
gle SCSI host adapter can 
actually support tens of thou- 
sands of devices — in theory. 
But I wouldn't try it.) 

Multiple devices are at- 
tached to a single SCSI host 
adapter via daisychaining 
over several kinds of cables: 
a 50-conductor Centronics con- 
nector, a DB25 connector, a 
miniature DB50 connector, 
and a 50-pin ribbon cable. A 
50-conductor Centronics con- 
nector looks like the connec- 
tor on the printer end of your 
parallel cable, only larger — 
your printer uses a 37- 
conductor connector. A DB25 
connector is the kind that you 
find on a serial port or on a par- 
allel cable — on the PC end. 
Miniature DB50s look some- 
what like DB25s, but there are 
50 small pins or holes in the 
same space that the DB25 us- 
es for 25 pins or holes. Also, 
DB50 connectors generally 
have buttons that you must 
press to connect or discon- 
nect them. 

Some external SCSI devic- 
es have two Centronics 50 con- 
nectors on the backs of their 
cases — two connectors so 
that they can be part of a dai- 
sychain. Older SCSI devices — 
CD-ROM drives that follow the 
pre-SCSI-2 standard, mostly — 
are the only devices that use 
the DB25. The miniature DB50 

shows up on the backs of 
some SCSI host adapters and 
on a few devices. For exam- 
ple, the Hewlett-Packard 
ScanJet lie has a miniature 
DB50 connector. 

You can pretty much ignore 
the DB25, but you can't ignore 
the Centronics 50 and the min- 
iature DB50, so there are 
three possible kinds of SCSI ca- 
ble you might have to lay your 
hands on: miniature-DB50-to- 
miniature-DB50, miniature- 
DB50-to-Centronics-50, and 
50 cables. And you have to be 
careful where you get them. 
To explain that, let me relate a 
short war story. 

I installed a CD-ROM drive 
on a server so that I could in- 
stall Windows NT Advanced 
Server on my LAN. (Windows 
NT Advanced Server is terrific, 
by the way; if you're thinking 
about moving to it, don't hesi- 
tate.) The CD-ROM drive 
used the Centronics 50 con- 
nector, so I pulled a standard 
SCSI cable with a Centronics 
50 connector on each end out 
of my cable pile. I plugged the 
CD-ROM drive into the SCSI 
adapter's interface port on the 
back of my PC, and the prob- 
lems started. My tape drive 
and hard disk started acting 
up. Running Chkdsk revealed 
lost clusters and invalid subdi- 
rectories on my hard disk — 
but the messages referred to 
different parts of the disk eve- 
ry time I ran Chkdsk! The tape 
drive wasn't recognized 
about half of the times I boot- 
ed the system, although it had 
been working fine for months — 
clearly, the new guy on the 
block (the CD-ROM drive) was 
causing trouble. 

I changed the host adapter 
to SCSI, giving up SCSI parity 
in the process and engender- 
ing a sense of deep forebod- 
ing. Then I turned to installing 
Windows NT Advanced Serv- 
er. The README file that 
came with it said, "The SCSI 

and CD-ROM support built in- 
to Windows NT 3.1 requires 
that CD-ROMs provide SCSI 
parity to function properly." 

I started fussing with the 
SCSI devices to get the CD- 
ROM drive to support SCSI par- 
ity. There was a jumper 
included on the CD-ROM 
drive to control whether or not 
SCSI parity would be used, so 
why wouldn't it support SCSI 

On the off chance that I had 
a bad cable, I went back to 
the cable pile to see what else 
I had. I found another dual Cen- 
tronics 50 cable identical to 
the cable that I was using and 
another dual Centronics 50 ca- 
ble that was about twice as 
thick as the first two. I tried 
swapping the original thin ca- 
ble for the other thin cable. No 
difference. But when I used the 
thicker cable, everything start- 
ed working! I got full SCSI-2 sup- 
port, as well as SCSI parity. 

A few calls to cable places 
confirmed that there were two 
kinds of dual Centronics 50 ca- 
bles. The thin ones work fine 
for SCSI but not for SCSI-2. 
The thick ones are good for 
both. Look for cables from Am- 
phenol, Quintec, and Icontec, 
and your cables should work 
fine under SCSI-2. 

External devices, as I've 
said, tend to have two SCSI 
connections on them so that 
they can support the SCSI dai- 
sychain. Internal devices, by 
contrast, use only a single 50- 
pin header connector. Internal 
SCSI cables are just 50-con- 
ductor ribbon cables, looking 
somewhat like fatter-than-usu- 
al hard disk cables. 

Now that you know about ca- 
bling, before popping the top 
back on your PC, there's one 
more thing that needs doing. 
You must terminate the SCSI 

To terminate is to provide a 
voltage and resistance on ei- 
ther end of a cable, so that the 






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Newer host adapters 

can terminate (or 

not) with a software 


entire bus has a particular set 
of electrical characteristics. 
Without this resistance, the 
SCSI cables cannot transport 
data around without signifi- 
cant error rates. (This process 
will work sometimes, despite 
what some people claim, but 
it won't work reliably.) Compli- 
cating things a bit, as you'll 
see, is the fact that there are 
two kinds of termination, and 
they aren't really compatible. 
Passive termination is em- 
ployed by earlier SCSI devic- 
es. Active termination is em- 
ployed by SCSI-2 devices. 

I've said that some SCSI de- 
vices are installed internally in 
the PC and connect to the 
host adapter with a ribbon ca- 
ble. Other devices are in- 
stalled externally and connect 
to the host adapter with one of 
the three kinds of common ex- 
ternal SCSI cables. There are 
also internal and external ter- 
minators, as well as SCSI de- 
vices that have terminators 
built in. The terminators you'll 
see include the following. 

• An internal SIPP (Single In- 
line Pin Package) terminator 
on the host adapter and/or 
hard disk 

• A separate external SCSI ter- 
minator (reliable only under 
SCSI, not SCSI-2) 

• A device with built-in termi- 
nation that's enabled or disa- 
bled with a DIP switch or a 

• A device with built-in termi- 
nation that cannot be disabled 

An internal SIPP terminator 
looks like a colored plastic 
blob with a row of little metal 
legs sticking out of it. You'll 
find SIPP-type adapters usual- 
ly on SCSI hard disks or host 
adapters. SIPPs often show 
up on the host adapter itself be- 
cause it needs termination, 
and SIPPs don't take up much 
space. If you have a device 
that terminates with SIPPs, 
you'll probably see three of 

these SIPPs on a host adapt- 
er. If you don't need termina- 
tion on a device equipped 
with SIPPs, just remove them 
(gently — you may need to re- 
install them one day) by work- 
ing them out with needle- 
nosed pliers. Once you've 
done that, put them in an en- 
velope, seal it, label it "SCSI 
terminators," and put it with 
your valuables. 

Newer host adapters don't 
terminate with SIPPs, howev- 
er. Adapters like the Adaptec 
1542C can terminate or not 
with a software command. If 
this doesn't sound like manna 
from heaven to you, it's a sure 
bet that you've never spent 
hours opening and closing a 
PC, flipping jumpers, and try- 
ing to get everything working. 
This simplicity is a feature I'd 
look for in a host adapter. 

Older SCSI systems make 
use of external SCSI termina- 
tors, terminators that can at- 
tach to one of the Centronics 
50 connectors on the back of 
a SCSI device. External termi- 
nators look like Centronics con- 
nectors without cables at- 
tached to them. They clip onto 
one of the Centronics connec- 
tors on the back of the last ex- 
ternal device on your SCSI dai- 
sychain. The external Centron- 
ics 50 connector terminator 
may not work in a SCSI-2 en- 
vironment. You're best off 
these days looking for SCSI de- 
vices that offer active termina- 
tion. The explanation is com- 
ing up. 

If you look at the back of an 
external SCSI device, you may 
notice a switch labeled Termi- 
nation. It can be flipped on or 
off, so if this SCSI device is the 
last on the chain, all you need 
to do is flip the switch on. If 
this device isn't the last device 
on the chain, flip it off. 

You've already read that 
SCSI uses passive termina- 
tion, and SCSI-2 uses active ter- 
mination. What's the differ- 
ence? Are they compatible? 

First, the differences. Pas- 
sive termination employs two 
resistors on either end of the 
SCSI bus. A 220-ohm resistor 
is tied to the termination volt- 
age (one of the SCSI lines), 
and a 330-ohm resistor is tied 
to a ground. Active termina- 
tion is a more reliable ap- 
proach that uses a single 110- 
ohm resistor to the termination 

Second, what about compat- 
ibility? While you may experi- 
ence different results, most of 
the SCSI-2 setups I've worked 
with require active termination. 
If you use one of the old plug- 
type terminators, SCSI-2 may 
not work. Active termination re- 
quires electrical power provid- 
ed by some device (the SCSI 
drive, the host adapter, or what- 
ever), so there's no simple 
plug that will provide active ter- 
mination on a SCSI-2 chain. 
You must have a device that 
supports active termination on 
both ends of a SCSI-2 chain, 
or you're likely to experience 

One more thought before I 
go: A number of devices offer 
the ability to convert a simple 
parallel port into a SCSI de- 
vice; perhaps the best known 
is from a company named Tran- 
tor. In my experience, these de- 
vices will not work unless the 
SCSI device that you're trying 
to attach can provide active ter- 
mination. This represents just 
one more reason to double- 
check that the SCSI devices 
that you buy can provide ac- 
tive termination. 

Speak Up! 

Do you have a tough hard- 
ware problem you'd like Mark 
to tackle? Let him know 
about it by calling (900) 285- 
5239 (sponsored by Pure En- 
tertainment, P.O. Box 186, Hol- 
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The call will cost 95 cents per 
minute, you must be 18 or old- 
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hckd es 25 


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A dollar saved is a dollar earn 







it* Ik 

By Phillip Morgan 

ed. Get the best software for rock-bottom prices. 

few months ago, I 
made a list of my 
computer hard- 
ware and software 
for my homeowner's policy 
and was surprised to see 
that the value of my soft- 
ware exceeded that of my 
hardware, cables, acces- 
sories, blank floppy disks, 
disk boxes, labels, desk, file 
cabinet, chair, and several 
other office furnishings com- 
bined. In short, a little soft- 
ware can soak up a lot of 
hard cash. 

It only makes sense that 
we invest a lot of money in 
software, since without it, 
the best computer isn't 
worth much. But there's no 
sense in paying more than 
you have to. I've adopted 
the motto that a full-priced 
program is an overpriced 
program, and I rarely pay 
full price for one. 

There are many ways to 
avoid paying full price, and 
I've listed some of the best 
ones here. You may not be 
able to take advantage of all 
of them — competitive 
upgrades and educational 
discounts have limited 
applicability. But you'll prob- 
ably find at least one way 
you could have saved 
money on the last package 
you bought at full price. And 
because most software 

publishers offer financial 
incentives for current users 
to follow the upgrade path, 
you're bound to save money 
on the next software pack- 
age you buy. 

Mail Order 

Retail salespeople are fond 
of mail-order horror stories 
and will gladly tell them to 
you. They'll conclude their 
stories with a warning that 
mail order is risky at best 
and the money you might 
save won't be worth the loss 
of convenience and cus- 
tomer service you expect 
and get from stores. But if 
mail order ever deserved a 
poor reputation for dishon- 
esty or lack of service, it 
certainly doesn't anymore. 
Competition among mail- 
order companies has forced 
them to become more ser- 
vice oriented, particularly in 
the way of product training 
for their technical support 
personnel and salespeople. 
In the process, they've 
become even more compet- 
itive with computer and soft- 
ware stores than ever 

At the same time that 
mail order has become 
more service oriented, retail 
stores have become less 
so. We expect software 
salespeople to answer all 
our questions and sell us 
exactly the applications we 
need. But retail stores often 
can't pay high enough 
wages to keep a technically 
proficient staff, capable of 
offering more than the most 
basic advice or technical 

support. You can find 
knowledgeable salespeople 
in stores — many are com- 
puter enthusiasts who learn 
programs on their own initia- 
tive — but the facts of retail 
sales are low wages, high 
turnover, and little formal 
product training. 

Mail-order companies 
have lower overhead than 
stores and have national, if 
not international, access to 
consumers. Large mail- 
order companies can afford 
to pay their salespeople 
higher wages and commis- 
sions and to conduct more 
product training than stores 
can. Customer service and 
selling philosophies vary, 
but with many mail-order 
companies you can expect 
the salesperson you call to 
be able to sell you a prod- 
uct rather than simply take 
your address and credit 
card number. "They're not 
just order takers," s 
Valerie Paxton, vice presi- 
dent of marketing for a mail- 
order company based in 
Arizona. During more than 
100 hours of initial training, 
new salespeople at Paxton's 
company learn a variety of 
the applications they'll sell. 

Whether they're in stores 
or on the phone, salespeo- 
ple can't claim to be familiar 
with every application avail- 
able. At best, they can 
speak intelligently about 
most types of applications — 
word processors, spread- 

sheets, utilities, games, databases — 
and have a specialty or wo in which 
they can discuss come rtitive prod- 
ucts in detail. It's true tha a mail-order 
salesperson can't show ; program to 
you, but the same is often true in 
stores. A limited number of programs 
are loaded onto a store''- demo com- 
puters. Even then, salesp3ople may or 
may not be able to demonstrate those 
programs to you. 

Competition and consumer de- 
mands have prompted some mail-order 
companies to offer more :han the low- 
est price. More and more companies 
are offering toll-free customer service 
and technical support lines. One New 
Hampshire-based company offers $5 
overnight shipping on any package 
sent anywhere in the cont nental United 
States. That may not be c uite as quick 
as driving to a local store, out if you can 
save $30 to $40 or more, a day seems 
like a reasonable wait. 

To figure how much "noney you'll 
save ordering by mail, c an't forget to 
take into account sales tax and ship- 
ping and handling chaiges. A mail- 
order company is requi r id to collect 
sales tax only in states v lere it has a 
physical presence — sue as a ware- 
house or business office. However, 
your state may require you to pay 
sales tax on your mail-order purchas- 
es. Check with your state's taxing 
authority for details. 

Shipping and handl ng charges 
vary widely from company to compa- 
ny, so it's important for y )u to ask the 
salesperson exactly how much you'll 
be charged, who the cc jrier will be, 
and when you can expect the pack- 
age. Some companies have set han- 
dling charges, which they add to the 
courier's charge; others set a standard 
charge for all package 3 — generally 
from $5 to $10 — to cov* r both ship- 
ping and handling. You hould never 
have to spend more thai $10 for nor- 
mal shipping of a softv ire package 
within the continental Un. ">d States. 

Mail-order returns i an be a bit 
more troublesome thai" taking soft- 
ware back to a store, i used to be 
that, no matter where y >u bought a 
program, once you brok the seal on 
the disk pack, you owi 3d that pro- 
gram — no refunds. Largf chain stores 
have since loosened the r return poli- 
cies, and several now o: er one-week 
or even 30-day satisfaction guaran- 
tees. For the most par mail-order 
companies are still relu ,tant to take 
back opened, nondefeci ve software; 
however, they too have t ecome more 
flexible, depending on i -dividual cir- 
cumstances and manufacturers' poli- 
cies. More and more m mufacturers 
are offering satisfaction guarantees, 

44 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

which at least some mail-order com- 
panies honor. 

Several companies have reduced 
the hassle and delay of returns by 
offering toll-free customer service, 
reimbursement of return postage for 
defective items, and free shipment of 
replacements. With preauthorized 
returns, some companies have re- 
duced the delay of exchanging defec- 
tive products to a day or two by ship- 
ping your replacement before they 
receive your return. Defective software 
is rare, though, so it's likely you'll never 
have to return a defective program. 

If you've never used a mail-order 
company before, don't just order from 
the first ad you see. Look at the ads of 
several companies to compare poli- 
cies and prices. You can expect a 
substantial price difference between 
mail-order and store prices, but 
beware of mail-order companies with 
significantly lower prices than the rest. 
You can generally judge a company 
by the size of its ad; the bigger the 
ad, the bigger the company, and the 
bigger the company, the better it can 
afford good customer service. 

If you don't know exactly what you 
want, at least try to know enough to be 
able to ask specific questions about 
the type of software for which you're 
looking. You're asking for trouble if you 
tell a salesperson, "I just bought a 
computer. What software do I need?" 

Competitive Upgrades and 
Introductory Offers 

When software companies release 
new applications or new versions of 
old applications, they naturally wish to 
attract new users — preferably at the 
expense of their competition. A com- 
pany often talks about increasing its 
market share, which is the percentage 
of total sales it achieves in a given 
application market. Microsoft, Bor- 
land, and Lotus (among others) favor 
competitive upgrades and introducto- 
ry offers for increasing their market 
shares and putting users on the 
upgrade path — that 6- to 18-month 
cycle of version upgrades. What 
could be more valuable to a company 
than knowing that every year or so a 
significant portion of former pur- 
chasers will go out and buy a new 
version of its product? 

These discounts are also used to 
reposition an existing product — usual- 
ly in the form of a new version — to go 
after the market leader. When Adobe 
Systems introduced Illustrator for 
Windows, it offered a competitive 
upgrade to challenge CorelDRAW!, 
the leading Windows draw program. 
More recently, Microsoft released 
Money with a suggested retail price 

(SRP) of $69.95 and a street price of 
$15.00. The target was Intuit's phe- 
nomenally successful Quicken. Com- 
puter Associates then topped Micro- 
soft by offering the first 1 million 
copies of Kiplinger's CA-Simply 
Money for only a shipping and han- 
dling charge, which it followed up last 
fall with a free offering of CA-Simply 
Tax through April of this year. (It's per- 
haps the ultimate introductory offer, 
unless, of course, someone starts 
bundling free software with cash.) 

Competitive upgrades are avail- 
able to you only if you're using a com- 
petitor's product, while you can 
always take advantage of an introduc- 
tory offer. To be eligible for a competi- 
tive upgrade, you must usually pro- 
vide a page out of the competing 
product's manual or its original num- 
ber 1 program disk. Some companies 
will accept copies of either of these or 
a copy of the completed registration 
card. A few companies ask only that 
you sign an affidavit of eligibility. 

John Brandon, national sales man- 
ager for Adobe, advises any con- 
sumer contemplating a specially 
priced offer to consider two questions 
about the application: (1) Does it do 
what it promises? and (2) Does it offer 
appropriate features? These ques- 
tions are particularly pertinent if you're 
considering a competitive upgrade. 
Although the new package may offer 
features you don't currently have, they 
may not be features you'll need or 
use. If you have no complaints about 
your existing software, you probably 
don't need to change products. If 
you're looking for new features, the 
odds are that your current program 
will be upgraded soon. Upgrading to 
a new version of your old software will 
save you the time of learning an 
entirely new program and may even 
cost less than the competitive offer. 

However, competitive upgrades are 
less risky than introductory offers in 
some ways. They generally coincide 
with major upgrades, so you can be 
reasonably sure you won't be tempted 
by another upgrade in a few months. 
Since applications are sold at a regu- 
lar price at the same time that they 
carry the competitive offer, you know 
you're getting a genuine discount. 
With an introductory offer you can be 
certain of neither. You don't know if 
you're really getting a $500 program 
for $99 or a $99 program with an inflat- 
ed $500 SRP. Will the program ever 
sell for more than the introductory 
price? Such offers are often extended, 
and some never have expiration dates 
to begin with. Companies might be 
preparing upgrades even before they 
introduce a new program. Computer 

m mmi 


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□ Yes, please rush your free catalog of PC books and software. 



Is there a feature topic 

you'd like to see covered in 


Let us know by calling 

(900) 285-5239 (sponsored 

by Pure Entertainment, 

P.O. Box 186, Hollywood, 

California 90078). 

The call will cost 95 cents 

per minute, you must 

be 18 or older, 

and you must use a 

touch-tone phone. 

Associates planned its upgrade of CA- 
Simply Money to hit the shelves six 
months after the release of its free 
introductory packages. And software 
industry insiders joked that another 
manufacturer's $99 introductory pack- 
age was so buggy that users would 

have to buy the upgrade just to run the 

If you're looking for a word proces- 
sor, spreadsheet, database, or finan- 
cial planning program, it's a good idea 
to check for these money-saving 
offers. You should keep in mind, how- 
ever, that "discounts" are marketing 
schemes designed to get you to spend 
money, not save it. You're saving 
money only if you planned to buy the 
program in the first place or would be 
willing to pay full price without the offer. 

Buying Used Software 

One generally overlooked way to get 
inexpensive software is to buy it used. 
You may not know it, but many soft- 
ware companies will allow a regis- 
tered user to transfer his or her 
license to you. The process is fairly 
simple and usually free. The regis- 
tered user simply writes a brief letter 
to the company stating that he or she 
has given you the program and has 
not retained any copies installed or on 
floppies. The company then verifies 
the information with you and records 
you as the new licensee. You're enti- 
tled to the same technical support 
and upgrade offers as if you'd pur- 
chased the program new. 

The key to license transfers is that 
a copy of a program can be licensed 




46 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

to only one person or business at a 
time. If, for example, you buy a used 
computer with software installed, you 
should contact the software compa- 
nies and try to have the licenses 
transferred. If the license numbers are 
listed within the programs, the compa- 
nies can trace them, contact the reg- 
istered users, and ask for their con- 
sent to transfer the licenses. If the 
licenses can't be transferred or you 
make no attempt to do so, you're 
obliged by law to erase them from 
your hard drive or floppies. Using 
them would constitute piracy. 

Computer games are rarely regis- 
tered because when game manufac- 
turers introduce new versions, they 
seldom offer registered users special 
upgrade prices. As long as you have 
the original disks and documentation, 
you generally don't have to worry 
about registration or license transfer. 
People get tired of games and give 
them to friends or sell them. As long 
as copies aren't made, there's gener- 
ally no problem. 

As the popularity of Windows 
increases, many people are replacing 
their DOS applications. If you like 
working in DOS, now is a good time to 
buy used DOS applications and have 
the licenses transferred. Some of the 
best sources for these programs are 
friends or acquaintances who buy 
competitive upgrades to go from DOS 
to Windows. Version upgrades usually 
forbid selling or giving away the old 
version, but competitive upgrades typ- 
ically have no such restriction. Make 
certain your friends read their upgrade 
license agreements to be sure. 

However and from whomever you 
buy used software, you should always 
try to get the original manuals. But if 
you buy an application from someone 
who bought it preinstalled on a new 
computer, you may not be able to get 
the original manual or disks. Although 
manufacturers are reluctant to distrib- 
ute manuals separately, they'll usually 
sell them to you once you transfer the 
application's license. 

New Copies of Old Versions 

Inventory control isn't too much of a 
problem for software companies. They 
can usually produce packages quick- 
ly and inexpensively and have pro- 
duction runs only when necessary. 
Releases of new versions are carefully 
planned so that companies, distribu- 
tors, and resellers aren't loaded down 
with old versions that have to be 
cleared out at reduced prices. 

Companies will sometimes carry 
old versions for customers with spe- 
cial needs. WordPerfect 4.2 is still 
available from the company even 

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Linda Bordelon, Dress Shop 2.0 owner, Longwood, Florida 

The Bestseiling Sewing Software has just Gotten Better! Announcing DRESS SHOP 2.0, which offers a 
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First, get someone to help take your measurements. Next, 
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measurements. Select the pattern, and the options you want. 
A cuffed shirt sleeve? No problem. A V-neck — how deep? 
Want a pointed collar or a Peter Pan? The program will fit 
the collar to the neckline you just designed. Then just turn on 
your printer, and print. 


Mix and match more than 40 ready-made patterns. Sleeves, 
necklines, collars, pleats, cuffs, waistbands all included! 
Specify the ease you want in each garment - you can wear 
your clothes from skin-tight all the way to extra baggy. If s 
the next best thing to being a professional designer! 

For MS-DOS and Macintosh computers. Works with any printer, single sheet or 
tractor feed, narrow or wide carriage. 

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I started using Dress Shop 2.O." 

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"I enjoy sewing again instead of dreading all the 

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Circle Reader Service Number 165 

though version 6.0 was released 
about a year ago. But most old ver- 
sions aren't reduced in price signifi- 
cantly, if at all. WordPerfect still sells 
versions 4.2, 5.0, and 5.1 at full retail. 
Aldus sells PageMaker 4.0 and 4.2 at 
full retail. MECA keeps an inventory of 
tax preparation packages covering 
the past two or three years, which it 
sells at full price to people who need 
to refigure taxes from previous years. 
One industry spokesman told me he 
would rather take a loss on unsold 
packages of old versions than dis- 
count them and take away from sales 
of the new version. 

Occasionally, though, a company 
will choose to actively market a dis- 
counted old version. When Corel intro- 
duced CorelDRAW! 4.0, it chose to 
reposition CorelDRAW! 3.0 to capture 
a new segment of the market. For 
those who were scared off by 
CorelDRAW! 3.0's $595 SRP, the pro- 
gram now sells for about $140 (street 
price), while version 4.0 costs around 
$390. What's more, the upgrade to 
version 4.0 is around $225, making 
version 4.0 less expensive for those 
who buy version 3.0 first. The hassle 
and delay of upgrading may not be 
worth the savings if you want 4.0 to 
begin with, but if you get 3.0 first and 
it does everything you want to do, 
you've saved about $250. If you need 
to upgrade, you won't lose any 
money— instead, you will save a little. 

Some types of programs are more 
likely than others to be discounted for 
clearance when they become dated. 
Most software stores have a bargain 
bin full of games and miscellaneous old 
programs. The shelf life of games is 
very short — usually three months or 
less — so if you're patient, you might 
wait for a game to lose favor 
among buyers and then get it 
for a third of its original price 

Tax packages are vir- 
tually guaranteed to be 
discounted on April 
16. New versions 
are released each 
year, and old 
versions aren't 
This may 
not help 

the majority of computerized taxpay- 
ers, but if you're eligible for a deadline 
extension, you can save $20 or $30 
by waiting. Mark Bullinger, product 
manager for MECA's Andrew Tobias' 
TaxCut, says some people like to use 
the previous year's program to plan 
for the current year's taxes, even 
though tax codes and rates will 
change. Bullinger says his product 
usually sells for around $40 but is 
often reduced to between $10 and 
$20 after April 15. As mentioned 
above, this discount doesn't come 
from MECA, which retains full price on 
older software, but from merchants 
and distributors who want to get the 
program off the shelf. 

Educational Discounts 

Some of the best discounts on person- 
al productivity and desktop publish 
ing software are available to co 
lege faculty, staff, and students. 
Software companies such as 
Adobe, Aldus, Microsoft, and 
WordPerfect offer educa 
tional discounts of as 
much as 80 percent off 
SRPs — which usually 
translates into 50 
percent or more 
off street prices 
Aldus Page- 
Maker 5.0 
for Win 
d o ws , 
f o r 

example, has an SRP of $895; with 
an educational discount, the price 
is $199. 

Companies use educa- 
tional discounts to develop 
product and brand loyal- 
ty by getting students 
to use their applica- 
tions at home as 
well as in the 
profits can 
be slim on 
the orig- 
i n a I 



Brings You 

a Virtual World 

Interactive Movie! 

What Reviewers are Saying: 

"Lots of games claim to be pushing the 
envelope — Under a Killing Moon blows it to 

— William Trotter, PC Entertainment 

"Under a Killing Moon...the most 
7-1 elaborate graphic adventure to date. A 
ground breaking CD adventure!" 

— Joyce Worley, Electronic Games 

.„ jp "Under a Killing Moon combines the best 
J$$$ff elements of movies and computer games and 
creates an amazing interactive experience 
that's better than either of them. It 
literally pulls you into the screen." 

— Denny Atkin, Entertainment Editor, 
Compute Magazine 

Ihis category-creating Interactive Movie from ACCESS Software goes light 
years beyond any other product labeled "interactive." Under a Killing Moon 
takes you to the streets of post World War III San Francisco and casts you into 
the role of Tex Murphy, Private Investigator, who first appeared in Mean Streets, 
then Martian Memorandum. Under a Killing Moon is a Virtual World full of 
people and places so richly detailed, you'll feel like you're actually there. 

sales, educational sales can put 
more users on the upgrade path 
and increase a company's 
market share. 

Educational sales 
may also help curb pira- 
cy, which is often 
widespread on col- 
lege campuses. 
Brandon, from 
Adobe, says 
many poten- 
tial pirates 
might be 


to stay legitimate if they're offered a 
low price and a clear conscience. 

In most cases, there's no difference 
between commercial and educational 
versions, but it's a good idea to ask 
before you buy. Educational versions 
are specially packaged and usually 
channeled only through educational 
distributors, who in turn sell only to 
authorized educational dealers. 
Manufacturers' and distributors' poli- 
cies vary as to who can be an autho- 
rized dealer, but the number of deal- 
ers in any one geographical area is 
generally limited. College bookstores 
are often licensed to sell educational 
versions, and mail-order companies 
are getting into the educational mar- 
ket, too. Prices seldom (if ever) vary, 
so shopping around for an educational 
price is probably a waste of time. Call 
the manufacturer of the package 
you wish to buy to find the autho- 
rized dealer nearest you. 

You'll need to show the 
dealer proof of eligibility — a 
college ID will usually suf- 
fice — and you'll probably 
have to sign an eligibil- 
ity affidavit. If you 
work with grades 
K-12 as a teach- 
er or staff 
member, you 
might also 
be eligi- 
ble for 
t h e 

Q: What do 
film stars 
Brian Keith, 
Margot Kidder, 
& Russell Means 
all have in 

At They all star in ACCESS Software's 
new CD thriller Under a Killing Moon! 

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discount; contact the manufacturer or 
an educational dealer to find out. 

Vendors of Low-Cost Software 

If you really want to find inexpensive 
software, you might look at software 
publishers that specialize in high per- 
formance at low cost. Parsons Tech- 
nology (One Parsons Drive, P.O. Box 
100, Hiawatha, Iowa 52233-0100; 
800-223-6925) publishes DOS word 
processor Quite Write ($29) and DOS 
spreadsheet ProCalc 3D ($49), along 
with a full line of productivity software 
products for DOS and Windows with 
extremely reasonable price tags. 

Likewise, Abacus (5370 52nd 
Street SE, Grand Rapids, Michigan 
49512; 616-698-0325) specializes in 
translating and republishing high- 
quality German software (and books) 
for the American market at prices that 
are frequently a fraction of the cost of 
similar programs originating in 
America. For example, you can buy 
The Frugal Desktop Publisher, which 
offers a broad range of desktop pub- 
lishing features, for only $19.95. 

Save Your Money 

There are many ways to avoid paying 
full price for software; I've lined up the 
best strategies to garner substantial 
savings. Additional ways to save soft- 
ware dollars are hardware premiums, 
software premiums, and shareware. 
Software bundled with hardware is of- 
ten competitively discounted, if not 
free; some applications have one or 
more free programs bundled with 
them; and shareware programs can 
be much less expensive and just as 
powerful as those you buy commer- 
ially. No matter where or how you 
buy your software, a little footwork 
might very well save you enough 
for a second application. And 
after a few months, when 
you add up how much 
you've invested in soft- 
ware, you can smile — 
knowing that the 
price you paid for 
your programs 
is a lot less 
than what 
worth. J 

2 CD's for 

Kiss Conventional 
Logic Goodbye 


rou see it. Now you don't. The land of Kyrandia is disappearing piece by piece 

toward one perilous con- 

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elusion: a curse. (/ Thus l^ttM 'iMJRSk i» begins The Hand of Fate, 

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the offbeat, young mystic who must voyage to the center of the world to break 
the spell. Out of sync and out on foot, your aberrant journey reveals nothing 
is what it ^,*°i seems. Everything is what it 

isn't. And Wj&JEtSi von can count your friends on 

Literally. \J Conspiring to push 

one hand. 1. .» 

the twisted edge of cinemagraphie entertainment, West wood Studios has 

designed more puzzles and gameplay in the first few chapters of 

than in all of 
© Th< 

e most 

The Hand of Fate 
The Legend of Kyrandia! 
advanced graphics 
on the market are first pencil tested, then painted 
on-screen to surrealistic perfection. \y Breakthrough 
Triilight technology illuminates each scene more cinemat- 

ically for a fuller, fourth dimensional picture. )/ The new 

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State of Mind System, along with superior intuitive interfacing, enables you and 

over 50 characters to change your mind, mood and 
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plav with your mind. Change the way your mind plays. 

Grasp The Hand of Fate and kiss conventional logic goodbye. 

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Circle Reader Service Number 195 


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The long-predicted day 
when we all have a powerful 
computer as a constant 
companion is almost here. 
We don't quite have Dick 
Tracy wrist computers yet, 
but we do have pocket-sized 
units. In reality, we probably 
won't bother with wrist com- 
puters; now that there are 
practical checkbook-sized 
units such as the HP100LX, 
the next generation of users 
is moving toward the slightly 
larger PDAs (Personal Digital 
Assistants) for pocket-sized 

For serious mobile com- 
puting, we're settling on 
notebook and subnotebook 
computers, which, while not 
pocket-sized, are wonders 
of miniaturization, giving us 
full desktop abilities in note- 
book and smaller sizes. (I 
probably should say "last 
year's full desktop abilities." 
This year's desktops are 
multimedia screamers, with 
fast CD-ROM drives and 
booming stereo sound. 
Only a few laptops offer 
these features — and at a 
steep price.) 

The Hierarchy of 

We classify larger portables 
(weighing up to about 12 
pounds) as laptop comput- 
ers. Current machines are 
this big only to offer special 
features such as multimedia 
presentation hardware. 

The next step down, and 
the major part of the mar- 
ket, is the notebook com- 
puter (weighing up to about 
six pounds), which is usual- 
ly phone book-sized or 
smaller. Its keyboard is 
usually about 90 percent of 
normal size, with the func- 
tion, lock, and cursor keys 
scrunched tightly around 
the edges. It has a 486 
chip, a hard disk, a VGA 
LCD video, a floppy disk 











COMPUTE'S Getting Started with Portable 
Computing was written by Richard O. Mann. 

drive, and usually a PCM- 
CIA slot or two. These work- 
horses match desktops fea- 
ture for feature. 

When you go smaller to 
the subnotebooks (weighing 
up to about four pounds), 
you start having to make sig- 
nificant compromises. 
Keyboards, usually laid out 
similarly to those of the note- 
books, are reduced to the 
smallest reasonable size for 
typing — which may or may 
not be too small for you. 
Floppy disk drives are usual- 
ly jettisoned to become sep- 

arate, carry-along units. 
Hard disks are much small- 
er, and screens are tiny. You 
need to have a passion for 
things light and small to use 
a subnotebook, but they are 
admirable tools for on-the-go 
situations not requiring 
heavy computer use. 

At the next level down 
are palmtops and PDAs, 
and here the delineation 
gets fuzzy. A palmtop is a 
checkbook-sized, under- 
one-pound computer that 
can be a full DOS comput- 
er, such as the HP100LX, or 

a proprietary unit with dedi- 
cated software, such as the 
Psion 3a or Sharp Wizard. 

PDAs, the latest innova- 
tion, are larger — the size of a 
large paperback book — and 
eschew keyboards in favor 
of pens. They promise wire- 
less transfer to desktops, ^ 
cellular connections to E- 
mail services, and other 
wonders. A Sharp Wizard on 
steroids, perhaps. 

The Portable Appeal 

We all seem to be fascinated 
by the siren call of portable 
computers. From those who 
will own only one comput- 
er — a fully loaded note- 
book — to those who also 
want casual computing 
power in a subnotebook or 
smaller unit, millions are buy- 
ing these exciting carry-out 
powerhouses each year. 

If you're embarking in 
these waters — or would like 
to be — check out the articles 
that follow for the current 
state of the equipment in all 
of these categories, some 
advice on choosing soft- 
ware, and 20 tips to ease 
you into the happy waters of 
portable computing. 


Most of the action in today's 
PC market is in the white- 
hot notebook and subnote- 
book segment. New gener- 
ations of notebooks with 
ever-better features appear 
every few months, and 
prices continue to fall. If 
you've ever thought you 
might want a portable com- 
puter, now is the time to 
strike — the computers are 
excellent, and prices are 

A tour of today's note- 
books shows significant 
changes from just a year 
ago. All now sport 486 chips 
and supply pointing devices. 
Windows comes preinstalled 

MAY 1994 COMPUTE 53 



(though many now supply 
Windows for Workgroups 
3.11 as an option). 

Standard hard drives 
start at 80MB and go up to 
340MB for notebooks; sub- 
notebooks don't often go 
above 170MB. Most have at 
least one PCMCIA slot. 

Buying Considerations 

When purchasing a note- 
book or subnotebook, seri- 
ous analysis and testing are 
in order. Consider each of 
the following factors. 

Weight. Determine how 
big a load you can stand to 
carry. Don't forget to add in 
the extras, which are never 
included in the quoted 
weight: AC transformer and 
cords, the carrying case 
itself, external floppy drive 
for subnotebooks, and extra 
batteries, for example. 

Brand name. Unknown 
manufacturers may expose 
you to service problems. 
Also, be aware that the bat- 
tery is going to fail in a year 
or two. Batteries are almost 
always built especially for 
each machine; will your 
computer vendor be there 
to sell you a new battery 
when the time comes? 

Battery life. Don't believe 
manufacturers' claims; it's 
almost always less, often by 
half. Test the battery life, if 
possible, or read an unbi- 
ased test report. Determine 
how important battery life is 
for your usage patterns 
before spending a lot for 
longer battery life. Longer- 
life NiMH batteries are often 
available at extra cost. 

RAM and RAM upgrades. 

You'll need at least 4MB of 
RAM, but get 8MB if possi- 
ble. Note the price of mem- 
ory upgrades and whether 
you'll have to send the 

54 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

Microsoft Ballpoint Mouse 2.0 is a trackball that directly attaches to 
many popular notebook computers. 

machine to the shop to 
install the upgrades. 

Color screen. If you can 

afford it, color makes a lap- 
top seem 100 percent more 
useful and usable. Word 
around the industry is that 
within a year, color screens 
should cost little more than 
monochromes, but now 
they run $400-$1 ,500 extra. 
Nevertheless, color screens 
are magnificent. 

Active matrix color is the 
real thing, with vivid, bright 
colors. Passive matrix color 
uses less power, costs 
much less, and produces 
paler colors. The new dual- 
scan passive matrix screens 
are a good compromise. 

Monochrome screen. If 

you're going monochrome, 
go with 64 shades of gray if 
possible. Look for accessi- 
ble brightness and contrast 
controls. The key advice 
here is to actually work with 
the screen in realistic light- 
ing before buying. Screens 
blur, fade, wash out, and 
render color programs with 
odd shadings. Your reaction 
to any gray-scale screen is 
very individual; you can't 
predict it without actually 
trying the machine. 

Keyboard. If not the most 
important factor, the key- 
board is at least the second 
most important factor. First, 
look for standard key 
arrangements, particularly 
with regard to the cursor 
arrows, PgDn, and so on. 
Many manufacturers are still 
piggybacking the PgDn, 
PgUp, Home, and End keys 
on the arrow keys, requiring 
you to press a special Fn 
key to use them. I will never 
buy a machine with such a 
keyboard, though it may not 
pose as big a problem for 
you. WordPerfect users may 
also want true F11 and F12 
keys (other programs use 
them as well). 

Keyboard touch is 
extremely important. Size is 
critical in considering a 
subnotebook. Again, you 
can't tell if it's a keyboard 
you can live with unless you 
actually type on it. Test it to 
see if it's pleasant and com- 
fortable to use. 

Pointing device. Almost 
every system comes with a 
trackball. They vary wildly in 
usability, so this, too, is 
something you'll have to test. 
A picture of the unit won't tell 
you if the trackball is tight or 
loose, properly spaced for 

your hands, and so forth. 
After using a dozen different 
arrangements this month, 
however, I can tell you that 
built-ins are generally more 
satisfactory than units that 
hang off the sides. 

Power management. 

Determine if the unit runs at 
3.3 or 5 volts — 3.3-volt units 
have much-superior battery 
life. Look for power man- 
agement features built into 
the 486 chip. 

Try Before You Buy 

Because so many factors 
are subjective (screen qual- 
ity, keyboard touch, and so 
on), you really need to get 
your hands on the unit and 
work with it before you can 
have any idea whether 
you'll like it. You wouldn't 
buy a car without a test 
drive; don't buy a notebook 
without test-driving it (or 
having a 30-day no-ques- 
tions-asked return period). 

The Computers 

COMPUTE invited a sam- 
pling of the leading note- 
book and subnotebook 
manufacturers to submit 
their products for brief 
review here. Not all were 
able to provide computers 
for review, but this listing is 
a representative sample of 
the outstanding notebook 
and subnotebook comput- 
ers available today. 

Z-Note 433Lnc. (Zenith 
Data Systems, 800-553- 
0331, $4,399) This gorgeous 
powerhouse is the clear pick 
of this particular litter of com- 
puters. In a gleaming white 
casing with a breathtaking 
active matrix color screen, it 
stops all passersby for an 
admiring once-over. Not just 
a pretty face, it has a 200MB 
drive, 4MB of RAM, a sturdy 
Notepoint trackball that 
snaps securely on the front 

fH LTllt II ft 


k i :*.+ ** + 









.... _ 


These sensatio 
value — ins 

Prince of Persia® 

by Brbderbund 




computer games are FREE — a $150 
every GAME ZAPPER package! 

JetRghter II" Spectre Challenger" 

by Velocity by Velocity 

GAME ZAPPER turns your living room into a virtual reality 

gameroom by boosting your 

favorite PC games from your 

VGA monitor onto your 

big-screen TV. 

GAME ZAPPER converts 

your PC's VGA output to a 

video signal and supports 

640x480 VGA resolution. 

So plug in GAME ZAPPER — 

your favorite games will be 

larger than life! 

Circle Reader Service Number 199 
■IS ADVANCED DIGITAL SYSTEMS 20204 State Rd. Cerritos, CA 90701 |310|865-1432 (310|809-6144 |Fax) (800|888-5244 

Available at: ■ Besl Buy ■ CompUSA ■ Comparability ■ Computer City ■ Computer Express ■ Egghead Software » Fry's Electronics 

■ J.D.R. ■ Micro Center » Tiger Software ■ USA Flex 




There was a time (not long 
ago) when choosing soft- 
ware for a notebook comput- 
er required an informed but 
delicate touch. Hard disks 
were small and disk com- 
pression was uncommon, 
but Windows with its bloated 
programs was already on 
the scene. Today the matter 
is much easier, but unless 
you have a newer notebook 
with a healthy-sized hard 
disk, you still need to be 
sensitive to the need to con- 
serve disk space. 

Conserving Disk 

First, compress the disk with 
DoubleSpace or Stacker 
4.0. You'll need the space 
before long. 

Then consider disk-wise 
software. If you must re- 
main compatible with a 
desktop unit or your office 
software, you may not 
have too much choice — 
but you may have more 
choice than you realize. To 
remain compatible with 
even major Windows appli- 
cations, you can run sever- 

al smaller programs which 
produce files that can be 
read into the larger pro- 
gram back at home base. 

Go Lean 

Try the Works programs — 
Microsoft Works for Win- 
dows, Lotus Works (for 
DOS), ClarisWorks for 
Windows — for integrated 
word-processing, spread- 
sheet, graphics, and sim- 
ple database work. Each 
produces files in formats 
that mainline applications 
can easily read. Yet these 
programs can save 30 or 
40 megabytes over in- 
stalling mainline applica- 
tions to accomplish the 
same things. Of course, 
the Works programs can't 
do everything the big boys 
can, but you'll be surprised 
at their power. 

Along the same lines, 
Symantec's new Q & A for 
Windows provides word 
processing combined with 
a unique database that 
has been extremely popu- 
lar as a DOS program. 

Even if you're now a 

Windows wizard, don't 
abandon DOS programs 
when you need to con- 
serve disk space. Why 
waste megabytes on a 
Windows communications 
program, for example, 
when 650K of Procomm 
Plus works fine? 

Lean DOS utilities such 
as Norton Commander or 
QDOS 3 can manage your 
files beautifully without all the 
overhead and exotic func- 
tions of a massive PC Tools. 


Every VGA notebook 
should run Personics' 
Laptop UltraVision. By 
reclaiming that half- to full- 
inch border that most 
portables leave unused at 
the top and bottom of the 
screen, it makes text and 
images noticeably larger 
and easier to read. It also 
supplies a wealth of attrac- 
tive screen fonts and a 
wonderful blinking-box 
cursor for DOS programs. 
Get this program. 

Unless your notebook is 

your only computer, you'll 
want a file transfer pro- 
gram. The undisputed king 
of the field is Traveling 
Software's excellent Lap- 
Link V, which now also 
provides file synchroniza- 
tion (copying files between 
computers so they both 
have only the latest ver- 
sions of files). 

For Windows, you'll 
want a cursor enhancer, 
unless one came with your 
computer. I like the run- 
animated cursor of Curso- 
rific Professional, though 
there are a dozen equally 
fine competitors. 

The Diminishing 

With each generation of 
notebook computers, the 
differences between port- 
able computers and desk- 
tops diminish, as does the 
need for special software. 
For now, the guidance 
above should give you 
enough information to intel- 
ligently populate your note- 
book's hard disk. 

of the unit, and preloaded 
network software. A special 
ZDS-designed high-speed 
communications port hooks 
directly to Ethernet net- 
works. It has the full comple- 
ment of cursor keys and 
comes with a NiMH battery. 
The Z-Note series starts at 
$2,599 for a 25-MHz mono- 
chrome model and includes 
a pair of dual-scan passive 
matrix models— the 33-MHz 
version runs $3,599. 

Austin 486DX2/66 Note- 
book. (Austin Computer 
Systems, 800-752-1577, 
$4,499) This Austin notebook 
with a 340MB drive, 8MB of 
RAM, one PCMCIA slot, a 
56 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

built-in trackball in front of 
the keyboard, and an active 
matrix color screen is anoth- 
er gem. The keyboard lacks 
a dedicated F11 and F12 
and takes some getting used 
to, as you have to reach over 
the trackball area (it's not 
wide enough to rest your 
wrists on). The screen is per- 
fect — with its local-bus video 
and 8MB of RAM. This note- 
book runs Windows faster 
than my comparably equipp- 
ed desktop. 

Austin offers notebooks 
in many configurations, from 
a 486SX/25 with a 130MB 
drive and a monochrome 
screen for $1,899 through 
the unit mentioned above. 

Gateway ColorBook. 

(Gateway 2000, 800-846- 
2000, $1,995) The Gateway 
ColorBook's dual-scan pas- 
sive matrix screen pro- 
duces more-than-adequate 
color — as long as you 
haven't just come from an 
active matrix system. 

The ColorBook is a 
486SX/25 with an 80MB 
removable drive, 4MB of 
RAM, and two PCMCIA 
Type II slots. Its keyboard 
has an acceptably firm 
touch and doesn't have 
piggybacking. Its trackball 
slides forward from the front 
of the machine and, al- 
though small, gives imme- 
diate and positive cursor 

control. Two models with 
faster chips and 170MB dri- 
ves are available. 

Olivetti Philos 44. 

(Olivetti, 800-633-9909, 
$2,453) This unusual mono- 
chrome notebook (also 
available with color) shows 
its Italian heritage by offer- 
ing new and interesting fea- 
tures. It's a 486/25 with an 
84MB removable hard 
drive. It piggybacks the 
cursor keys and provides 
an innovative but less-than- 
totally-successful mouse 
substitute: a trackball unit 
on a steel strap that pops 
out of the right side of the 
computer. You have to 


You're a simulator pilot who's looking for something more in an air- 
craft than just two wings and an engine. You're a power pilot that's 
looking for a power airplane to take on a power trip. That's why 
Mallard Software and BAO bring you Flight Simulator Flight Shop; 
the advanced aircraft and flight adventure design program that gives 
you the tools you need to create the flight experience you've always 
dreamed of. 

With Flight Simulator Flight Shop you can build, from scratch, a 
visual airplane model to your personal specifications for use in 
Microsoft's" Flight Simulator v. 5.0. Combine aircraft flight aero mod 
els from Microsoft's Aircraft & Scenery Designer 3 , or fly one of sever- 
al great airplanes that are included and ready to fly in any one of the 
precompiled adventures. If interactive multimedia adventures are 
what you seek, you can use the adventure factory to set a course for 
danger, random events, rewards and endless thrills. And for your 
plane's exterior treatment, there's a new paint shop that will let you 
give any of the aircraft your personal, artistic touch. Add digitized 
sound, a flight path editor and other great tools to the list of features 
and you've got a ride that requires more than a seat belt! 

So if you're a power pilot looking for a power ride, look to Flight 
Simulator Flight Shop from Mallard Software and BAO and push 
your own envelope! 



Circle Reader Service Number 246 

© 1993 Mallard Software, Inc. 



grasp the unit to hold it still 
in order to click the switch. 

The Philos comes with a 
Business Audio feature — 
essentially, it's a digital 
tape recorder with a built-in 
microphone and speaker. It 
also has a unique small ten- 
key numeric pad above the 
keyboard. Accountants, 
take note! 

TravelMate 4000E Win 

SX/25. (Texas Instru- 
ments, 800-527-3500, 
$2,499) Tl is selling a ton of 
these 486 WinSX and 
WinDX notebooks, includ- 
ing this pleasant passive 
matrix color model. (The 
top of the line, a 50-MHz 
DX model with active matrix 
color, runs $4,999.) 

The 400E WinSX/25 
comes with a 120MB drive, 

4MB of RAM, and a 
Microsoft BallPoint trackball 
with QuickPort (meaning 
cordless attachment off the 
right side of the unit). The 
keyboard includes all cur- 
sor keys, as well as the F1 1 
and F12 keys. The new key- 
board design gives a bet- 
ter-than-average touch. 

Tl's TravelMates are 
sleek, lightweight Windows 

Toshiba T4600. (Toshiba, 
800-334-3445, $3,299) The 
Toshiba T4600 is a fast 33- 
MHz machine with a 120MB 
drive,. 4MB of RAM, and a 
Microsoft BallPoint trackball 
with QuickPort attachment. 
It features two PCMCIA 
Type II slots and a 150-pin 
connector for a docking 
station or SCSI adaptor. 
The T4600 is available in 
monochrome or color, with 
drives of up to 340MB (top- 
of-the-line price: $5,499). 

Toshiba's notebooks are 
unfailingly excellent, with 
full-sized keyboards with the 
best touch in the business 
and no piggybacked keys. 

58 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

Hewlett-Packard's HP 100LX palmtop computer offers a full 
80- x 25-line display and the ability to run most DOS programs. 

Quaderno 33. (Olivetti, 
$1,750) This one's the 
smallest — so small that its 

keyboard isn't quite usable 
by a person with large 
hands. Like the Philos, it 
has sound-recording capa- 
bilities, but it has a better 
trackball. With a 60MB 
drive, 4MB of RAM, and 
several built-in applications, 
it's a full-blown PC in a tiny 

ZEOS Contenda. (ZEOS 
International, 800-423- 
5891, $1,894) The 
Contenda is a little larger 
and has a good-sized, 
usable keyboard (with pig- 
gybacked cursor keys); a 
bright, sharp (but tiny) 
screen; and a difficult-to- 
use trackball at the upper 
right of the keyboard. With 
no PCMCIA slots, its ex- 
pandability is limited. 

ActionNote 4000. (Epson 
America, 800-289-3776, 
under $2,000) This one's an 
impressive little computer, 
with an excellent keyboard 
(although the cursor keys 
are piggybacked) and 
bright backlit screen. The 
trackball at the upper right 

of the keyboard is only ade- 
quate. The largest of the 
units I saw (almost the size 
of a notebook), it wasn't the 


Epson portables feature 
Epson's Extra Care Road 
Service, which guarantees a 
replacement unit overnight if 
yours needs service. 
Removable hard disks make 
using a loaner easy. 

HandBook. (Cateway 

2000, $1,495) The Hand- 
Book features a keyboard of 
adequate size and good 
touch with separate cursor 
keys. Its screen is larger than 
that of most of the others 
while the unit itself is smaller; 
an enviable achievement. 
The pointer is a pencil-eras- 
er-like joystick at the right of 
the keyboard (similar to 
IBM's popular TrackPoint II 
on the ThinkPads). The two 
buttons that go with it are on 
the front of the unit, where 
one-handed operation is sur- 
prisingly facile. The pointer 
itself, however, takes some 
getting used to. 

The HandBook is priced 
right. Its primary drawback 
is its large, ungainly AC 
adapter unit — nearly half 
the size of the computer. 

Z-Lite 425L. (Zenith Data 
Systems, $1,899 to $2,499) 
With a 170MB drive, this 25- 
MHz 486SL with two PCM- 
CIA Type II slots is ready for 
serious computing. Its 
LitePoint trackball attaches 
in a full-width bar across the 
front of the unit and provides 
excellent cursor control. The 
external floppy drive snaps 
onto the AC adapter, which 
in turn snaps onto the side of 
the unit, making the whole 
thing easier to use and con- 
trol than the normal setup 
with cables and boxes 

The keyboard gives a 
slightly cramped feeling, 
but the key travel and touch 
is good. There's no piggy- 
backing. The screen is 
nearly as large as that of a 
normal notebook. The Z- 

Lite is, however, quite 
thin — much thinner than 
any of the others I tested. 


Unlike PDAs, which are all 
promise and little perfor- 
mance, palmtop computers 
are, happily, a working real- 
ity. Some question the true 
usability of these tiny pow- 
erhouses, but sales are 
brisk and the threat of los- 
ing out to PDAs seems to 
remain in the future. 

Palmtops are miniature 
computers with full but tiny 
QWERTY keyboards, slots 
for flash memory, basic 
applications burned into 
ROM, and built-in links to 
regular computers. 

Two years ago, there 
were a half-dozen offerings 
in the palmtop market, but 
only three palmtops sur- 
vive — three excellent, 
mature products that have 
enthusiastic followings. The 
HP100LX is the updated 
version of the highly suc- 
cessful HP95LX, the Psion 
3a is a British import with 



You're outfitted for travel 
with a notebook, palmtop, 
or PDA — but how do you 
get your portable comput- 
er to share its files with 
your desktop computer? 
Most palmtops and PDAs 
have their own schedule 
and address programs 
that save to a proprietary 
file format. Most notebooks 
have small hard drives, 
forcing you to choose 
smaller programs for your 
notebook — programs 
which may not be compati- 
ble with the applications 
you use on your desktop 

If you have this prob- 
lem, check out IntelliLink 
(IntelliLink, 603-888-0666, 
$99.95). It lets you trans- 
late and transfer data 
between your portable 
computer's proprietary 
applications and the popu- 
lar applications you use on 

File Edit Merge Fields Systems Filters Help 


Sy; || L09 




niicfsjl h% 


Selects categories for merge 

HP 100LX 
Data Categories 

i> mar (Merge 

Lotus Organizer 
Data Categories 






To Do 

T0D0 List 

Data File Name: 


Data File Name: 


j £2 J | \organize\orgf iles\". org 

Map: Template Filler: <None> 

IntelliLink 3.0 lets you translate and transfer data between your 
portable computer's proprietary applications and the standard 
applications you use on your desktop computer. 

your desktop computer. 
The transfers are made by 
hooking your two machines 
together with a serial 

IntelliLink supports a 
variety of applications, 
including personal infor- 
mation managers (PIMs), 
calendar programs, con- 

tact managers, databases, 
word processors, and 
spreadsheet programs. 
Portable computers sup- 
ported include Sharp's 
Wizard series of palmtops; 
HP's 95LX and 100LX 
palmtops, and HP's 
OmniBook 300 and 425 
subnotebooks. The com- 

pany plans to add support 
for Casio's B.O.S.S. series 
of palmtops, Psion's Series 
3 and 3A palmtops, and 
Casio's and Tandy's 

For example, you might 
be using the address book 
and scheduler in your HP 
100LX palmtop when 
you're on the road, but 
would like to update your 
schedule and addresses 
using Lotus Organizer 
from your desktop comput- 
er when you're in the 
office. IntelliLink can map 
your 100LX appointments 
to Organizer's calendar, 
your 100LX phone records 
to Organizer's addresses, 
and your 100LX T0D0 
tasks to Organizer's To Do. 
When you're ready to hit 
the road again, IntelliLink 
can translate and transfer 
the files back to the 100LX 

— David English 

engaging features, and the 
OZ-9600II is the latest in 
the long line of popular 
Wizard organizers. 


The HP100LX (Hewlett- 
Packard, 800-443-1254, 
$749) is a checkbook-sized 
DOS computer running DOS 
5. It comes with Lotus 1-2-3 
Release 2.4 in ROM, along 
with a phone and address 
book database, scheduler 
and to-do list, financial cal- 
culator, text editor, note 
taker, world clock, stop- 
watch, and clipboard appli- 
cations. It also has built-in 
cc:Mail for E-mail and net- 
work communications with 
cc:Mail-equipped sites. Its 
standard serial port allows 
normal file transfers with 
regular computers and the 
use of standard modems. 

With 1MB of available 
RAM, the HP100LX allows 

you to load other DOS 
applications as long as they 
and their data fit in that 
space (unless you use the 
PCMCIA slot for a flash 
card, which serves as a vir- 
tual hard disk). 

The CGA screen isn't 
backlit, and its 80 x 25 dis- 
play is pretty tiny. You can 
zoom up to larger character 
sizes, which can be helpful. 
The keyboard is good, but 
only unusually talented, 
small-fingered persons can 
even dream of touch-typing 
with it. 

Best of all, it runs on two 
AA batteries for months. If a 
pocket-sized PC appeals to 
you, this is your computer. 

Psion 3a 

The new Psion 3a (Psion, 
508-371-0310, $495 for 
256K model, $595 for 51 2K 
model) updates Psion's 
popular Series 3. Built-ins 

include a word processor 
compatible with Microsoft 
Word for DOS, a spread- 
sheet compatible with Lotus 
1-2-3, address and phone 
database, scheduler and 
to-do list, world clock, cal- 
culator, sound recorder, 
and its own programming 
language. One of Psion's 
tricks is to dial phones 
when you hold the unit up 
to the phone's mouthpiece. 
From that basic sound 
technology, it was an easy 
step to recording voice, 
although memory space 
limits you to only a few sec- 
onds of saved recordings. 

Linking to a PC requires 
an optional $130 program 
and cable. Flash card 
memory is also available at 
extra cost, plugging into 
either of two proprietary 
slots (not PCMCIA stan- 
dard). Two AA batteries 
can power it for months. 

The Psion has a bigger 
keyboard than the HP100LX, 
and some claim to have 
mastered touch-typing on it 
in limited circumstances. It's 
possible, but not easy. 

What the Psion has is 
charm. It's fun to play with, 
fun to show around to peo- 
ple, and fun to use. 


Most of us think of the 
Wizard as the original palm- 
top. While none of the 
Wizards have been DOS 
machines, you can buy 
connectivity kits that include 
a serial cable and the nec- 
essary software to link your 
Wizard to a PC or Mac. 

The latest Wizard is 
called the OZ-9600II (Sharp 
Electronics, 800-321-8877, 
$649). It retains the excellent 
keyboard (which is about 75 
percent of the size of a nor- 
mal keyboard), but adds 

MAY 1994 COMPUTE 59 



several PDA-like features, 
including a 320- x 200-pixel 
touch screen, pen input, and 
a new easy-to-use graphical 
environment. Using the 
onscreen icon buttons, 
screen-based icons, and 
pull-down menus, you can 
access the various personal 
productivity programs, 
which include a calendar, 
schedule program, business 
card directory, word proces- 
sor, outline processor, 
scrapbook, calculator, and 
home and world clocks. 

The unit runs on four AAA 
batteries and uses an addi- 
tional CR-2032 lithium back- 
up battery to protect your 
data for as long as five years. 

All this comes in a pack- 
age that weighs just 15 


The world's first operating 
personal digital assistant, or 
PDA, Apple's heavily publi- 
cized Newton, hit the mar- 
ket last August, followed 
closely by PDAs from 
Sharp, Tandy, and Casio. 

At the time of this writ- 
ing, it's apparent that most 
of what we had been led to 
expect from these mar- 
velous new tools remains a 
fairy tale — these PDAs work 
poorly, don't have many of 
the promised features, and 
have been roundly ridiculed 
in the press. And yet . . . 
The promise of what this 
compact tool could be — will 
be — is still breathtaking. 
The fulfillment of that 
promise just isn't here yet. 
We have its shadow, its 

The Promise 

PDAs aren't tiny notebook 
computers; they're personal 
information and communi- 
cation devices — extensions 
to normal computers. They 
travel with you to accept 
jotted-down notes, make 

60 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

legahertz offers a variety of PCMCIA modems that let you 
connect your portable computer to your cellular phone. 

appointments, and wire- 
lessly send and receive 
computer data, E-mail, and 
faxes from nearly any- 
where. They run check- 
books, language and cur- 
rency translators, online 
networks, and even games. 
You write on them with a 
special pen; the units rec- 
ognize your writing and 
respond to it. 

The Reality 

Handwriting recognition 
has been the source of 
most of the hilarity in the 
press. It's notoriously poor 
at first; Apple says that the 
Newton learns your hand- 
writing over a period of 
months. Few can stand to 
wait that long. 

Communications, espe- 
cially wireless communica- 
tions, are still in the future. 
With a modem, you can 
access America Online 
successfully, but the vast 
promise of casual wireless 
communications is still 
nothing but promise. 

The Products 

The Newton MessagePad 
(Apple, 800-776-2333, 
$899) and the Sharp Expert 
Pad PI-7000 (Sharp 
Electronics, 800-993-9737, 

$899), both manufactured 
by Sharp in Japan, are 
identical except for the 
Sharp unit's larger, more 
protective plastic case. 
Both come with a serial 
port, an infrared port for 
communicating with other 
Newton and Sharp units, 
and a PCMCIA Type II slot. 
Both have a built-in note- 
book utility for handwritten 
and drawn material, an 
address book, a calendar, 
and to-do list. 

One bright spot is the 
working Assist feature 
(found in both) that intelli- 
gently completes actions 
you describe or start. Write 
Fax Andy at 9 a.m., hit the 
Assist icon, and the Newton 
(or Sharp) gives you a fax 
cover sheet to fill out, then 
attempts the scheduled 
call — though it's as likely to 
go to Cindy at 7 a.m. as 
anywhere else. The hand- 
writing recognition at the 
core of almost everything 
just isn't good enough yet. 

The Tandy Z-PDA (Tandy, 
81 7-390-301 1 , $699) and the 
Casio Z-7000 (Casio, 201- 
361-5400, $899), called the 
Zoomer, are also identical 
units. Like the Newton and 
Sharp, they have serial and 
infrared ports and a PCMCIA 

Type II slot, but add several 
Game Boy-type buttons for 
game playing. 

After the initial specs, 
the Tandy and Zoomer are 
very different from the 
Newton and Sharp. Their 
built-ins include a complete 
personal organizer system, 
a note taker, a sketch pad, 
and the GEOS operating 
system which runs Pocket 
Quicken and an America 
Online front end (requiring 
the optional modem). They 
contain a wealth of addi- 
tional information, including 
a dictionary, thesaurus, 26- 
language word translator, 
calculator with currency 
exchange functions, and 
much more — even a copy 
of the Constitution. 

Their handwriting recogni- 
tion is character based, 
resulting in less amusing but 
just as awful results as the 
Newton's word-based recog- 
nition. They have a pop-up 
onscreen QWERTY keyboard 
which can get things straight, 
if somewhat slowly. The pen 
is small and hard to use, and 
the system runs slowly. 

The Bottom Line 

PDAs hold magnificent 
promise, but the ones you 
can buy today are just not 
ready for prime time. 


As you get started with 
portable computers, there's 
a lot to learn. Here are 20 
tips for traveling with and 
using a portable computer 
that can help make your 
first experiences positive. 

What to Take 

1. Prepare a packing list of 
everything needed for a 
successful out-of-town ven- 
ture. Make it a word-pro- 
cessing file on your com- 
puter — so you won't lose it 
and so you can modify it on 

e/J. Magical Wmld ©f 

^earning en CB-Kf tfe 






Written in conjunction 
with a team of educators 
from both the Montessori 
and public school systems 


AGES 3-8 

1 -800 557-2633 X 600 



Allie's Playhouse, 
the first and still 
preferred edutainment 
CD-ROM software 
title for pre-readers 
and ahove. 

Also available: 
The Musical World of 
Professor Piccolo and 
Composer Quest 

ie's Playhouse boasts an interactive environment that encourages children to 
learn about the world they live in. Allie, our little green alien friend, will act as 
tour guide through 16 different educational activities — including music, the 
alphabet, animals, the solar system and much more! Allie's Playhouse captivates 
and motivates through high quality graphics and superior 16-bit CD quality 
sound utilizing the voices of actual children and characters. 

Circle Reader Service Number 114 ikg lUfV Wt\^ t?€> lo tcXTt^ 

Opcode Interactive • A division 0/ Opcode Systems Inc. © Copyright 1994 Opcode Interactive. All rights reserved. • Allie's Playhouse and The Musical World ol Professor Piccolo are trademarks 


Multimedia PT. I 

Opcode Interactive" 
3950 Fabian Way 
Palo Alto, CA 94303 

of Opcode Interactive. 



the road when you discover 
what you left at home. (Tips 
3 and 4 provide items for 
this list.) 

2. Carry critical phone 
numbers: tech support for 
the computer and major 
software programs and 
online network numbers for 
cities you visit. Fun-loving 
guy that I am, I also carry a 
photographically reduced 
sheet with copy protection 
keys needed to play 
SuperTetris, X-Wing, The 
Even More Incredible 
Machine, and other games 

that have found a home on 
my laptop. 

3. Prepare to tap into 
hotel and remote site elec- 
tricity. In too many hotel 
rooms, the few outlets 
available are full — and 
even then, they're behind 
the headboard or some- 
where else inaccessible. 
Carry a small extension 
cord (or a surge-protecting 
power bar if possible) or a 
three-tap plug. A three- to 
two-prong plug adapter 
can be handy, but for your 
computer's sake, be sure 

you actually ground it. 

4. Be prepared for 
modem-hostile environ- 
ments. Ask hotels for 
modem-ready rooms. Carry 
the necessary equipment 
to tap into the phone lines 
in rooms with no RJ-1 1 
jack: a screwdriver and alli- 
gator-clipped wires. Know 
how to use them. For 
modem-ready rooms, you 
may still need a line-dou- 
bling jack, an in-line con- 
nector, and an extension 
cable. (All are available at 
Radio Shack.) 

Conserving Disk Space 

5. Use disk compression. No 
hard disk is ever large 
enough, especially on a lap- 
top. Use DOS 6.2's 
DoubleSpace or Stacker 4.0 
to artificially enlarge the disk, 
but be sure you've previous- 
ly installed Windows, to 
ensure enough uncom- 
pressed space for Windows' 
permanent swap file. 

6. Conserve hard disk 
space with laptop-install 
options. Many program 
installation routines offer 
special laptop options of 


active matrix. A type of 
LCD that uses a transistor — 
or three transistors in the 
case of a color LCD — to 
drive each pixel. The bright- 
ness, contrast, and refresh 
rate of active matrix LCD 
screens are generally on a 
par with those of standard 
cathode-ray tube (CRT) 
monitors. See also LCD 
and passive matrix. 

docking station. Also 
known as expansion chas- 
sis. An external box that 
allows a laptop computer to 
add a combination of expan- 
sion slots and drive bays. 

gray scale. The progres- 
sive series of grays that a 
device can produce, rang- 
ing from black through 
white. On a portable com- 
puter, the quality of the 
gray scale is dependent on 
the video controller (usually 
CGA, EGA, or VGA) and 
video display (usually 16- 
or 64-shade LCD). 

laptop computer. A 

portable computer, usually 
able to operate from either 
batteries or AC power, that 
offers most or all of the 
functionality of a desktop 

computer. Laptop comput- 
ers are generally consid- 
ered to be portable com- 
puters that weigh 6 to 12 
pounds, but the term is 
also used generically to 
refer to any portable com- 
puter, including notebook 
and subnotebook comput- 
ers, that weighs less than 
about 12 pounds. 

LCD. Short for Liquid 
Crystal Display. A type of 
computer display that 
sandwiches a liquid com- 
pound between two trans- 
parent electrodes. LCD 
screens are found in the 
vast majority of laptop 
computers because they 
consume less power than 
standard CRT monitors. 

notebook computer. A 

lighter and thinner version 
of a laptop, usually weigh- 
ing less than about six 
pounds. The term is also 
used to refer to any 
portable computer, includ- 
ing a subnotebook com- 
puter, that weighs less 
than about six pounds. 

palmtop computer. 

Also known as hand-held 
computer. A computer 

small enough to be held in 
one hand, usually weigh- 
ing less than one pound. 

passive matrix. The 

type of LCD found on most 
currently available laptop 
and notebook computers. 
Standard passive matrix 
LCD screens are less 
expensive and have less 
brightness, less contrast, 
and a slower refresh rate 
than active matrix LCD 
screens. Double-scan pas- 
sive matrix LCD screens 
fall in between standard 
passive matrix screens 
and active matrix screens 
in both cost and quality. 
See also LCD and active 

PCMCIA. Short for Per- 
sonal Computer Memory 
Card International Associ- 
ation. An industry group 
whose standard allows 
credit-card-sized expansion 
cards to be used in a vari- 
ety of portable computers. 
These expansion cards, 
called PCMCIA cards, 
include memory, fax/data 
modem, network interface, 
SCSI interface, sound, and 
hard drive cards. Some 
have suggested that PCM- 

CIA really stands for People 
Can't Memorize Computer 
Industry Acronyms. 

PDA. Short for Personal 
Digital Assistant. A light- 
weight palmtop computer 
that relies on a pen for 
input rather than a key- 
board or mouse. The built- 
in software in PDAs usually 
emphasizes personal 
organization and electronic 

submarining. Slang term 
for the disappearance and 
reappearance of the 
mouse cursor as it moves 
across a slow-refresh LCD 

subnotebook. A lighter 
and thinner version of a 
notebook, usually weighing 
about four pounds or less. 

transportable comput- 
er. Also known as lug- 
gable computer and lunch- 
box computer. A portable 
computer that weighs from 
12 to 30 pounds and 
requires AC power. Many 
have standard CRT moni- 
tors built in. 

— David English 


Mathcad 3.1 for Windows 




Mathcad is a unique new way to 
work with formulas, numbers, text 
and graphs. It's as versatile as a 
spreadsheet and programming lan- 
guages, but easy to learn and to 
use. In Mathcad, formulas look like 
they do on the blackboard, not the 
cryptic strings of characters used 
by most programming languages 
and spreadsheets. 

Pacioli 2000 Version 2.0 

. — . _ Pacioli 2000 is the much-acclaimed, 
$W C v5 full-featured accounting software 
f ^r package that combines ease of use 

with the power and features required 
by most businesses and homes. 
Paciolrs multiple module/single sys- 
tem approach allows full use of the 
power of the eight accounting mod- 
ules without switching between pro- 
grams. The consistent interface 
makes this package easy to learn 
and easy to use. 

JM. \ : ^Btt WMJHWCMH.P.C S£T^ 

ACT! for Windows 

Version 1.03 

$0c£fZ2- ACT! is an intuitive contact manag- 
t^ / er that eliminates repetitive typing 

and data entry. Information in handy 
pop-up menus allows you to record 
and file business contact informa- 
tion, schedule meetings and be alert- 
ed to conflicts in your daily schedule. 
Enter data, retrieve records and 
related information and complete 
tasks in just a few keystrokes. 

Drafix CAD 
V5 a 

With Drafix CAD QwkStart. 
Computer Aided Design (CAD) 
has never been easier. Drafix 
CAD will teach you CAD concepts 
with its 200 page Teach Yourself 
CAD manual and easy to-use soft- 
ware. Powerful 2D drawing fea- 
tures and editing functions include 
arcs, crosshatchi ng, copy, rotate, 
stretch, trim and fillet. Supports 
dot matrix, laser and plotters. 

Windows Draw! 3.0 le 

Easy-to-use full-featured drawing 
program. Draw and edit Bezier curves, 
create realistic effects with color gra- 
dients and fills, blend objects, rotate 
objects in one-degree increments, 
align text on curves, fill text with 
color and gradients,define your own ^ 
color palettes and much more. 
Includes library of hundreds of clip 
art pieces. Extensive on-line help is 
always available. 3.5 inch media. 

- ~ 

PageMaker 4.0 for Windows 







PageMaker is the complete writing, 
editing, design, and production tool 
for creating professional-quality doc- 
uments and publications. Speedy 
text editing, spell checker, search 

replace, automatic styles, sophis- 
ticated formatting and typographic § 
controls, fully featured for long doc- f. 
uments, table of contents, up to 999 
pages, im 
bering. No 


N T E R N A T 

N A L 



PagePlus Lite for windows 

Serif PagePlus Lite is packed with 
high-end features. Row text in frames 
or drag and drop free text anywhere 
in a layout. Link text frames to flow ^ 
text anywhere in a document. Import " " 
and place graphic images and cre- 
ate text wraps around them. Moveable 
rulers and guides let you accurate- 
ly build your document and extensive 
typographic controls ensure pro- 
fessional results. 


AGFA Discovery TrueType 


~_--: .. . . _._ 

46 essential text, headline, and 
decorative scalable TrueType fonts 
including 1000+ useful clipart font 

Supports all Windows 3.1 appli- 
cations and all printers 
Eight pre-formatted document tem- 

Extensive on-line support with 
Discovery Font Guide utility 
Dual media package 

IBM OS/2 Version 2.0 

PFS: WindowWorks 2.02 


Includes WinFax Lite 

WindowWorks combines seven distinct 
modules to give you a complete set of 
productivity tools for home or office. You 
receive a full-featured Word Processor, 
Spreadsheet. Database, Chart Maker, 
Address Book, Terminal and Label 
Maker. Version 2 of this popular soft- 
ware includes, Object Linking and 
Embedding, and customizable 

Future Domain SCSI Host Adapter 

The TMC-830 supports SCSI fixed 
disk, optical disk, tape drives and 
other SCSI devices that conform to 
the ANSI standard "Common 
Command Set,'' and several varia- 
tions to the standard. It requires no 
user configuration in almost all instal- 
lations. Package includes interface 
board, 50-pin cable, setup & net- 
work utilities, tape backup & restore 
software and extensive manual. 




The rich graphical interface that 
works the way people work. Object 
oriented drag and drop to select and 
use applications and data as easi- 
ly as folders on your desk. Runs 
full range of DOS. Windows and 
OS/2 applications all integrated on 
your desktop. Features pre-emptive 
multi-tasking and program crash 

If you are using earlier versions of 
DOS, you will find many improve- 
ments and new features in DOS 5, 
including the ability to run programs 
and drivers in the High Memory Area 
(HMA). If you run DOS programs in 
Windows, you will want to use DOS 
version 5 because its memory fea- 
tures make your DOS programs run 
faster and more efficiently. 
IBM PC-DOS 6.1 S25 e 

-■ _ 


Sargon 4 for DOS 

tf ^tf<r Sargon 4 brings PC users the 
* &££. strongest chess algorithm and the 
/ best in 3D graphics. Beginners or [| 

advanced players can choose from 11 
v ,. -v 1 6 levels of play and take advan- 
tage of Sargon's on-line help and 
tutorials. A complete chess tool, 
Sargon will analyze your game and 
let you replay and study the 100 I 
greatest games of chess history. 
5.25 inch media. 



Planix Home LEi.o for windows 

With Planix Home you can quickly 
create accurate drawings of your pro- 
posed home, assign data to compo- ^ 
nents in the drawing and generate 
reports based on that data. Easy-to- 
use tools have beginners producing 
plans in no time. When your draw- 
ing is complete, print your document 
or deliver to an architect on disk — 
Planix Home is CAD compatible! 
Manuals & documentation on disk. ^ 

Borland SPRINT 




Great for competitive upgrades! 
A fast and flexible word processor 
with features not found in others in 
its class. You can configure Sprint's 
interface to operate like other pop- 
ular DOS-based word processors. 

Word for Windows S119* 

Word Perfect 6.0 for Windows 

or DOS $119* 

Ami Pro 3.01 S99 iJ 


Calendar Creator 1.0 for windows 

*XfV2_*Z daily, two-day. weekly, two-week, 
monthly, six-week, quarterly, six- 
month and annual in a variety of sizes, 
including your favorite day planner 
format. Customizable and flexible, 
import WMF graphics, (300 color and 
black & white images included), cut 
te calendars into publications, 
create separate calendars and com- 
bine them into a master calendar. 


Norton Desktop 2.2 for windows 

j^» *..,- Version 2.2 Norton Desktop for 
* ^£f 7*2 Windows seamlessly integrates both 
^ / file and group management, allow- 

ing you easier access to your appli- 
cation and data. It uses the same 
-"* . point-and-click graphical interface 

*^ _ as Windows but adds a whole new 
dimension to your desktop by let- 
-k=. ting you drag and drop icons to per- 
% form tasks. 


Microsoft Word 5.0 

DOS Academic Packaging. Loaded 
$^frz y5 with shortcuts to speed you through 
^} y your word processing jobs. Streamlined 

interface makes working with tabs 
and style sheets easier than ever. 
Mix text, graphics and data from 
spreadsheets, graphics programs 
and charting applications. Includes 
print preview that displays up to 2 full 
pages & editable side-by-side columns. 

Call for Upgrade Info. 
Word 5.5 Academic Pkg S59^ 



• ■ -' - 



7th Guest S39.9S 

Audubon Birds of America $1 9.95 

Art History Encyclopedia S19.95 

Audubon Mammals 1.3 S19.95 

Arthur's Teacher Trouble S29.95 

BattleChess DOS S25.95 

Bible Library CD S29.95 

Business Phone Directory 93-94 S25.95 

Bibles and Rel. (Shareware) DOS...S12.95 
Complete Book Shop (Shareware) .S12.95 
Colossal Cookbook (Shareware) ....S12.95 
Compton's Encyclopedia DOS/WIN $59.95 
Compton's Encyclopedia 1.01 WIN .$59.95 

Compton's Interactive Encyc S99.95 

Computer Ref. Library (shareware) S12.95 
Where in World is Carmen SD Dlx .S29.95 

"C" Users Library S29.95 

Dinosaur Adventure S25.95 

Deep Voyage WIN, DOS, MAC S19.95 

Dune S29.95 

Encyc. of Sound (Shareware) $12.95 

Ecoquest S29.95 

Compton's Family Choice $29.95 

Family Doctor WIN, MAC $25.95 

CD Funhouse 8 MAC/DOS (Share).$19.95 

Clip Art Warehouse (Shareware) S1 2.95 

Gardening DOS (Shareware) $12.95 

Great Cities Vol.1&2 MPC S25.95 


Guy Spy DOS $29.95 

Health & Med. Ind. Phone Dir.93-94S19.95 

Jazz History S29.95 

Kodak Photo CD 1.1 WIN $19.95 

King's Quest V MPC $19.95 

King's Quest VI Upgrade $29.95 

Learning Heaven DOS (Shareware) $19.95 

Legal Reference Library DOS $12.95 

Mayo Clinic Fam. Health Book WIN S25.95 
Macmillan Diet, for Children MPC. ..$29.95 

Mad Dog McCree S39.95 

Mantis Experimental MPC S19.95 


Surplus Software International, Inc. is a clear- 
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|jp that offer tremendous value to you. Previous 
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over the full retail price. 


J feu 

Motion Pic. Guide to Horror & SF ...$59.95 

National Geographic Mammals $29.95 

National Parks on CD-ROM MPC. ...$29.95 
Our Solar Sys. DOS (Shareware). ...$12.95 

Publish It! 2.0 DOS S19.95 

Publish It! 3.0 WIN S25.95 

PC-Medic DOS (Shareware) S19.95 

Quicktoons WIN, MAC $19.95 

Stellar 7 DOS $19.95 

Street Atlas USA 2.0 S99.95 

Straight from Heaven (Shareware). .$19. 95 

SFXMPC $29.95 



• Visa, Mastercard & Discover Card Accepted 

• No Charges Until Orders Are Shipped 

• Purchase Orders Accepted Upon Credit Approval 

• Item Availability & Prices Subject To Change Without Notice 

• Upgrade Offers & Special Promotions Are Subject To Change 

• Compatibility Not Guaranteed 

• Returns Must Have Return Authorization Number 

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* • Free Shipping Specials Do Not Apply To COD Orders 

Sherlock Holmes DOS. MAC $19.95 

Space Quest IV WIN $29.95 

Sound Sensations (Shareware) $12.95 

Too Many Typefonts (Shareware) ...$12.95 

TechnoTools (Shareware) S12.95 

WindowWare (Shareware) S12.95 

World Fact Book DOS, MAC $19.95 

Who Killed S. Rupert? MPC, MAC ..S29.95 

Wild Places DOS $19.95 

WIN Platinum $19.95 

World Traveler $12.95 

Zip Code Directory 93-94 DOS $19.95 







INTERNATIONAL ORDERS: (503) 386-1375 • FAX ORDERS: (503) 386-4227 

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leaving out help files, clip 
art, templates, tutorial files, 
extra drivers, and so on. You 
can save whole megabytes 
of disk space with only minor 
program sacrifices. 

7. If your computer had 
Windows preinstalled, go 
back through the Windows 
Setup routine and remove all 
the Windows chaff you don't 
need. (Windows has a lap- 
top-install option too, but the 
manufacturers install every- 
thing.) I routinely delete over 
2MB of Windows miscellany 
from laptops I set up. 

Conserving Battery 

8. Don't let your nicad bat- 
tery develop a false "memo- 
ry." Nicads tend to believe 
they're discharged at any 
point where they're regularly 
recharged. If you typically 
use your three-hour battery 
for one hour, then recharge 
it, the memory effect will 
soon convert it to a one-hour 
battery. Periodically, leave 
your computer running till 
the battery fully discharges. 

9. Conserve battery 
power using the computer's 
standby feature. Many note- 
books have a standby or 
sleep button, which instantly 
puts the computer into a 
deep, power-conserving 
sleep. It stays asleep until 
you awaken it with the same 
button. Use it whenever 
you're on batteries and have 
an interruption, even for a 
minute or two. (It also hides 
your screen from nosy 

10. Conserve battery 
power with the turbo or 
speed switch. Running the 
laptop at a lower clock 
speed uses significantly 
less power, so run at low 
speed in situations where 
extra speed isn't needed. 
Most word processors, for 
instance, don't need much 
speed to keep up with your 

64 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

Portable Sound Plus from DSP Solutions adds sound to notebook 
computers. It plugs directly into your notebook's parallel port. 

typing. Try your routine 
tasks at low speed; if 
they're fast enough, use low 
speed whenever running on 

11. Conserve power by 
controlling screen colors. 
Dark backgrounds use less 
power than light back- 
grounds. Change the back- 
ground in Windows in 
Control Panel's Colors win- 
dow. Windows provides 
dozens of preset color 
schemes, including three 
designed for LCD screens. 
Try them to see which gives 
you the most usable 
screen, then use the darker 
background colors when 
running on battery. 

Mouse Matters 

12. Don't abandon your real 
mouse. Sure, you probably 
can't use a mouse on an air- 
plane, but you certainly can 
use it in a hotel room, a 
client's office, or other 
remote sites. As good as the 
trackballs are, for me noth- 
ing beats a real mouse. 

13. Improve the Windows 
cursor with Mouse Trails. 
The ordinary mouse cursor, 
a small white arrow, gets 
lost too easily on a mono- 
chrome screen. Turning on 
Mouse Trails (a check box 
in Control Panel's Mouse 

window) makes the cursor 
leave a vanishing trail that's 
much easier to see. 

Other Tips 

14. Increase available mem- 
ory when not using PCMCIA 
cards by disabling the many 
drivers necessary to run a 
PCMCIA slot. DOS 6's multi- 
ple configuration feature 
(type help multi-config for 
instructions) lets you select 
whether to install the drivers 
each time you boot. 

15. For VGA screens 
(including color), use 
Laptop UltraVision (ex- 
plained in detail in the soft- 
ware article) to expand the 
amount of screen the com- 
puter uses, improve the 
screen fonts, and provide a 
blinking-box cursor for 
DOS. The first thing I put on 
every laptop is Laptop 

16. Don't ignore ergo- 
nomics. As a carpal-tunnel 
victim, I know the value of 
simple wrist-rest pads. Use 
one with your laptop. Cut it 
down to the right size for the 
laptop, and notch it for front- 
mounted trackballs. Use it. 

17. Back up! Back up! 
Back up! On the road, your 
options are pretty limited if 
there's a problem. It proba- 
bly isn't worth carrying a full 

set of backup disks for your 
hard drive (unless it's a 
long trip), but carry a 
bootable floppy disk with a 
and CONFIG.SYS. And for 
heaven's sake, back up 
your daily work. I keep a 
master trip disk in my A 
drive all the time. Every 
time I save a file to the hard 
disk, I also save it to the trip 
disk. Instant backup. 

18. Prepare for printing 
problems. By loading a few 
standard printer drivers for 
Windows and each of your 
major DOS programs, you 
can be ready to borrow 
most printers you'll run 
across in your travels. Load 
drivers for PostScript, HP 
LaserJet II, Epson LQ850 
and FX85, and IBM Pro- 
Printer, and you'll be able to 
print acceptably on 90 per- 
cent of the printers you'll 
encounter. For really limited 
but necessary printing, 
send yourself a fax at the 
hotel office or the office 
you're visiting. 

19. Plan for security. 
Tape your business card to 
your computer with an offer 
of a reward for return of the 
unit. Put text in your 
AUTOEXEC.BAT file offer- 
ing a reward and showing 
your name, address, and 
phone number. For impor- 
tant data, consider using 
software data encryption or 

20. Plan for airport prob- 
lems. Most authorities say not 
to X-ray computers, although 
I've seen it done without 
harm dozens of times. Ask for 
a hand check; when security 
personnel hand-check a 
computer, they often ask you 
turn it on (to prove it's a com- 
puter, presumably), so have 
enough battery charge to 
boot it. This usually takes a 
few extra minutes at the 
security area, so allow 
enough time. □ 





With everything from remote-control watches 
and portable televisions to the latest in 
Sega and CD-ROM games, the Winter 
Consumer Electronics Show is nerd heav- 
en. The star of the show was multimedia, with aisle after 
aisle of exciting new software and hardware. 

Some of the most innovative CD-ROMs from CES are set 
in the future. These include Under a Killing Moon from 
Access (800-800-4880, price not available); Outpost CD 
from Sierra (800-757-7707, $69.95); Microcosm from 
Psygnosis (617-497-5457, $79.99); Star Trek, The Next 
Generation: Interactive Technical Manual from 
Paramount Interactive (415-812-8200, $99.95) 
Isaac Asimov's The Ultimate Robot from 
Microsoft (800-426-9400, $79.95); and 
Noctropolis from Electronic Arts (415- 
571-7171, $59.95). Under a Killing 
Moon features the best integra- 
tion of video characters with 3 
D-rendered backgrounds 
that I've seen so far. Outpost 
CD and Microcosm use 
their 3-D-rendered graph- 
ics for movielike sets, com- 
plete with futuristic space- 
ships and highly original 
designs. Star Trek, The 
Next Generation: Inter- 
active Technical Manual 
includes user-controlled 
videos that let you quickly 
move from room to room 
aboard the Enterprise. You 
can even move right up to the 
ship's computers and operate 
the panels (of course, you can't do 
everything with the panels that the 
cast can do on the show). Isaac 
Asimov's The Ultimate Robot is an award 
winning Macintosh CD-ROM designed by Ralph 
McQuarrie, the production designer of Star Wars. It's 
now available under the Microsoft Home label, with a PC 
version set to ship later this year. Finally, Noctropolis is a 
dark and moody tale set in a surreal city of the future. 

Other notable game CD-ROMs from the show include 
the multimedia versions of SimCity, SimAnt, and SimEarth 
(Interplay, 800-969-GAME, prices not available), which 
feature improved sound, higher-resolution graphics, 
and — in the case of SimAnt — incredible animation; The 
Lawnmower Man (Sony Electronic Publishing, 212-702- 
6273, $69.95), which includes original footage from the 
film and a 3-D-modeled world with cinematic fly-throughs; 
Operation Airstorm (Revell-Monogram, 708-966-3500, 

95), which is the third installment in the Power 
Modeler series — this time, the CD-ROM features four 
advanced military jets; Star Trek: 25th Anniversary 
Enhanced CD-ROM (Interplay, price not available), which 
includes the voices of all the major cast members from the 
original "Star Trek" series; and The Xlth Hour (Virgin 
Games, 714-833-1999, price not available), the eagerly 
awaited sequel to the best-selling game, The 7th Guest. 

Despite the emphasis on games at CES, there were plen- 
ty of educational and reference CD-ROM titles to excite the 
crowd, including Daring to Fly! From Icarus to the Red Baron 
(Arnowitz Studios, 415-383-2878, $69.95), the follow-up 
title from the company that developed The 
Animals!; Library of the Future, Third Edition 
(World Library, 714-748-7197, $395.00), 
which crams 3500 stories, novels, 
essays, poems, and other literary 
works onto a single disc; Dr. Ts 
Sing-A-Long (Dr. T's Software, 
617-455-1454, $39.95), a 
karaoke program for kids that 
features 26 classic children's 
songs; Dennis Miller, That's 
News to Me and Dennis 
Miller, That's Geek to Me 
(Sanctuary Woods Multi- 
media, 415-578-6340, 
$29.95 each), which 
unleash Miller's comic wit 
on current events and com- 
puter jargon; and Tuneland 
(7th Level, 214-437-4858, 
$49.95), a terrific interactive 
musical cartoon featuring the 
voice of Howie Mandel. 
On the hardware side, Media 
Vision (800-845-5870) unveiled a 
portable CD-ROM drive called Reno 
($399-$549) and a PCMCIA sound card 
called the Pro Audio PCMCIA ($299). Reno can 
plug into your computer's SCSI or parallel port and can 
double as a portable audio-CD player. Unlike other PCMCIA 
sound cards, the Pro Audio PCMCIA is full featured — it even 
has provisions for a joystick port and MIDI out. 

Advanced Gravis showed The Gravis Personal Piano 
System (604-431-5020, $495), which includes a sound card 
with wave-table synthesis, a MIDI keyboard, powered 
speakers, and Musicware Piano, a Windows-based software 
package that offers a full year of piano lessons. And 
MediaMagic (800-624-8654) announced its $99 16-bit 
sound card, called the ISP-16 Audio Board. 

Look for coverage of many of these multimedia products 
throughout the coming months in COMPUTE. □ 



Some predictions of 
the future just won't 
go away — flying cars, 
wristwatch tele- 
phones, and desktop video. 
Flying cars will probably 
never appear in our lifetime, 
and wristwatch telephones 
are still about five or ten 
years away. But desktop 
video is here now — and 
about to become a much 
larger part of everyday com- 

So what is desktop video, 
how does it work, and how 
can you use it? Just as a 
sound card converts analog 
sound into digital sound that 
can be manipulated and 
stored by your PC, a video 
capture card converts ana- 
log video — from a VCR, 
camcorder, or television — 
into digital video that your 
PC can manipulate and 

There's only one catch. 
Video contains too much 
information for a personal 
computer to deal with. In its 
raw form, 320- x 240-pixel 
video at 30 fps (frames per 
second) with 24-bit color 
would take up about 6.6 
megabytes per second, 
395 megabytes per minute, 
or 2.37 gigabytes per hour. 
PCs simply can't process 
that much information at a 
time. The solution for this 
problem is compression, 
without which there would 
be no desktop video. 

The Big Squeeze 

As it is, even with compres- 
sion, we're pushing the lim- 
its of our processors, so 
some compromises have to 

be made. Three main fac- 
tors determine the quality of 
the video: the speed of the 
processor, the video's 
frame rate, and the size of 
the video window. Increase 
the processor speed, and 
you can increase the frame 
rate (for less jerkiness) or 
the size of the video win- 
dow (for a larger image). 
Increase the size of the 
video window without 
increasing the speed of the 

pression (even within a 
compression scheme, there 
are trade-offs between the 
amount of compression and 
the quality of the images) — 
and you have a complicat- 
ed balance of component 

Fortunately for Windows 
users, this is all taken care 
of by Video for Windows. If 
you have a CD-ROM drive 
and regularly try out CD- 
ROM titles, you should 

processor, and you'll have 
to drop the frame rate (if 
you don't, the software will 
randomly drop frames, 
making the video even jerki- 
er). See "Video Playback 
Performance with the Indeo 
3.0 Codec" for more details. 
Add three other fac- 
tors — the number of video 
colors (8-bit, 16-bit, or 24- 
bit color), the quality of the 
video sound (8-bit or 16- 
bit), and the type of corn- 

already have the player 
portion of Video for 
Windows. This includes the 
playback engine and a vari- 
ety of codecs (compres- 
sion/decompression dri- 
vers). Video for Windows 
1.1, the most recent ver- 
sion, includes the following 
codecs: Cinepak from 
SuperMac, Indeo from Intel, 
RLE from Microsoft, and 
Video 1 from Media Vision 
and Microsoft. 

All, with the exception of 
RLE, are lossy, which 
means they sacrifice pic- 
ture quality to achieve high- 
er orders of compression. 
This quality is permanently 
lost — when you decom- 
press the file, it doesn't go 
back to its former quality. 
RLE, on the other hand, is 
lossless, which means 
there's no loss in image 
quality. As you might 
guess, the lossy methods 
achieve much higher com- 
pression ratios and allow 
you to play back your video 
at higher frame rates or in a 
larger window. 

Because Video for 
Windows takes care of 
loading up the correct 
codec when you run an AVI 
file, it essentially guaran- 
tees that all Video for 
Windows video input 
boards will be compatible 
with all Video for Windows 
codecs. QuickTime for 
Windows works pretty much 
the same way. Its codecs, 
many of which are identical 
to ones included with Video 
for Windows, are also inter- 
changeable and work with 
any Windows application 
that supports its MOV files. 

Video for the Masses 

At this point, you may be 
wondering what all this has 
to do with you — after all, 
you don't plan to develop 
multimedia applications. 
Think of it as using text and 
graphics files with your 
computer, even if you're not 
a professional writer or 
graphic artist. 

Many of the new CD-ROM 


programs use Video for 
Windows or QuickTime for 
Windows video files. Popular 
titles include the major ency- 
clopedias (Microsoft Encarta, 
Compton's Interactive Ency- 
clopedia, and Grolier's 
Multimedia Encyclopedia), 
reference works (Microsoft 
Cinemania, Movie Madness, 
20th Century Video Almanac, 
and World View), and even 
complete movies (It's a 
Wonderful Life and A Hard 
Day's Night). The video files 
usually have either AVI exten- 
sions (for Video for Windows) 
or MOV extensions (for 
QuickTime for Windows). A 
monthly magazine on CD- 
ROM, called NautilusCD 
(Metatec, 800-637-3472, 
$137.40 a year in the U.S. 
and $222.00 a year outside 
the U.S.), regularly includes 
100 megabytes or more of 
AVI files, such as music 
videos from popular groups, 
multimedia tutorials, and pro- 
mos for computer products. 

To view these files out- 
side your CD-ROM applica- 
tion, you'll need to associ- 
ate the file's extension with 
a program that can play the 
file. For example, if you 
want to associate AVI files 
with Windows' Media 
Player, you would run File 
Manager, select an AVI file, 
choose File from File 
Manager's menu, choose 
Associate, type c:\win- 
dows\mplayer.exe under 
Associate With:, and press 
the OK button. You should 
then be able to double-click 
on any AVI filename from 
within File Manager to auto- 
matically play the file. 

(Assuming Windows is set 
up to handle them, you can 
associate Media Player with 
other multimedia files, such 
as QuickTime for Windows 
video files and MIDI music 

Media Player includes a 
set of VCR-like controls that 
let you play, stop, fast-for- 
ward, and rewind your 
video sequence. Under the 
Device menu selection, you 
can choose Configure and 

hard drive. If you're running 
Stacker or DoubleSpace, 
video files can take even 
more space (because video 
files are already highly 
compressed, they lower 
your compression ratio and 
so appear to take up more 
room than they really do). 

Roll Your Own 

Like to create your own 
video files? No problem. All 
you need is a video capture 

experiment with different 
settings, including doubling 
the size of the video win- 
dow and skipping frames 
when the video falls behind. 
If you find a video 
sequence you like, you can 
copy it over to your hard 
drive — assuming you have 
the space for it. You'll soon 
notice that even a 30-sec- 
ond compressed video file 
can take up from three to 
five megabytes on your 

card, such as the Video- 
Spigot (Creative Labs, 800- 
998-5227, $399.95), Pro 
MovieStudio (Media Vision, 
800-845-5870, $449.00), 
Smart Video Recorder (Intel, 
800-538-3373, $699.00), 
Vidiola (Orchid, 510-683- 
0300, $399.00), or Video 
Blaster (Creative Labs, 
$499.95). All ship with Video 
for Windows, so you'll be 
able to try out the different 
codecs and select the com- 

pression scheme that fits 
your needs. Most of these 
cards will let you capture 
video at 320 x 240 at 15 fps 
and 160 x 120 at 30 fps, 
compress the video either 
in realtime or after capture, 
and store the compressed 
video to your hard drive as 
an AVI file. If you don't have 
a fast 486 and local-bus 
video, you may have to 
drop down to 240 x 180 at 
15 fps, or even 160 x 120 at 
15 fps — otherwise, you'll 
drop a lot of frames as you 
capture the video. 

The standard video 
frame rate for television is 
30 fps in the U.S. and 28 
fps in Europe. Films are 
shown in movie theaters at 
24 fps, though silent films 
varied from 16 fps to 24 fps. 
For most uses of desktop 
video, 15 fps is considered 
acceptable. With 10 fps, 
there's a slight jerkiness 
that — depending on the 
material — may not be too 
bad. Any rate under 10 fps 
causes the video to look 
like a fast-moving filmstrip. 

Almost all video capture 
cards include the playback 
and basic editing programs 
from Video for Windows. 
Because these cards now 
ship with the Video for 
Windows utility programs, 
Video for Windows 1.1 is 
sold only to developers. 

For anything more than 
basic cut and paste, you'll 
need a full-fledged video- 
editing program, such as 
Adobe Premiere (Adobe, 
415-961-4400, $295) or 
MediaMerge (ATI Techno- 
logies, 416-882-2600, 



$295). Both let you combine 
video clips with a variety of 
special effects and save the 
results as a new video file. 
Both can read Video for 
Windows and QuickTime for 
Windows files, but only 
Adobe Premiere can save 
in both formats. 

Adobe Premiere comes 
with over 35 image-process- 
ing filters, including antialias, 
emboss, radical blur, and 
sharpen edges, as well as 
35 effects and transitions, 
including cross-dissolve, 
zoom, band wipe, Venetian 
blinds, and cross-stretch. 
MediaMerge includes fewer 
features — it has only 9 tran- 
sitions, for example — but it 
comes with a separate WAV 
file audio editor, an integrat- 
ed text animator, and a CD- 
ROM full of useful videos, 
animations, sounds, photos, 
and backgrounds you can 
use in your video produc- 

Even though it doesn't 
have all the features of its 
$795 Macintosh cousin, the 
Windows version of Adobe 
Premiere is still a powerful 
program. You can insert 
one video image into anoth- 
er (for a picture within a pic- 
ture), create split-screen 
videos (using mattes of var- 
ious shapes), customize 
transitions (using a transi- 
tion twice to simulate a new 
transition), intensify the 
effect of a filter over time 
(by splitting the clip into 
several pieces, applying 
the filter to each individual 
piece, and rejoining the 
pieces), superimpose a 
person against a back- 
ground (similar to the 
Chroma key technique 
used to place a weather- 
person in front of a weather 
map), produce a rotoscop- 

68 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

Adobe Premiere lets you save a video as a filmstrip, mark it up in 
Adobe PhotoShop, and bring it back to Premiere as a video. 

ing filmstrip (using Adobe 
PhotoShop to mark up indi- 
vidual video frames and 
send the video back to 
Adobe Premiere), and even 
create a 360-degree video 
presentation (simulating a 
three-dimensional space 
with a movie playing on 
each of five walls). 

Other programs you 
might find useful for manip- 
ulating your desktop videos 
include Matinee (Access 
Softek, 510-848-0606, 

$49.95 for disk version and 
$59.95 for CD-ROM ver- 
sion), which lets you use 
your AVI files as a screen 
saver; SoundTrack (Access 
Softek, $79.95), which lets 
you record and overdub 
sound onto AVI files; 3D-IT 
(Electronic Imagery, 305- 
968-7100, $99.95), which 
lets you take ordinary AVI 
files and convert them to 3- 
D movies (the kind that 
need the funny red- and 
blue-lens glasses); and 

Color Map Ejjjjw 


f PiesfJ CuhHl 

] |Bbdk i| 


• iRc-ovel EA : 


I H~K 1 

Studio Magic (Studio Magic, 408-378-3838, $499.95) combines 
video capture, output, and special effects in a single card. 

MCS Stereo (Animotion 
Development, 205-591- 
5715, $79.95), which lets 
you add QSound to WAV- 
format sound files for a true 
3-D sound. 

Calling Captain Video 

Now that you've created a 
stunning video sequence, 
what do you do with it? Can 
you really create the kind of 
videos that you see on 
MTV? Currently, you're pret- 
ty much restricted to 320 x 
240, which is one-fourth of 
a standard 640 x 480 
screen. AuraVision has 
developed a special chip 
that can intelligently blow 
up 320 x 240 videos to full- 
screen, without the usual 
big-pixel effect. Orchid's 
Vidiola line of video capture 
boards uses this new chip. 
Hardware-assisted full- 
screen video is available 
now, but only in expensive 
video boards. Look for their 
prices to fall, providing less 
expensive boards this year 
or next. 

In the meantime, you 
can take your video files 
and embed them into 
Windows documents with 
OLE, as well as combine 
them with other multimedia 
elements using one of the 
many new multimedia pre- 
sentation programs, such as 
Compel, Action!, Harvard 
Graphics for Windows, and 

Using OLE, you could 
write a letter to your sister in 
Alaska and embed a video 
clip of your two kids saying, 
"Wish you were here." Any 
Windows program that sup- 
ports OLE can accept an 
embedded AVI file. Using a 
presentation program, you 
could create an interactive 
training program, a tour of 
your new business, or a 

The World's First Photorealistic Interactive CD Sci-Fi Adventure 


I H «Pn 


j. » -KM=i. i .r 

Oxygen supply 
is critically low. 

Up level: 12% j 

time: 00:02:31 




swenc fiEto 


INVISION 1993 MultimediaAwards 
Award of Excellence 
•Gold-Best Animation/Graphics 
•Bronze -Best Production 

•Bronze -Adult Games - 

"...the world of interactive 
gaming is never going to 
be the same." 

MarkRhodes, Multimedia Editor, 
M icropu blish ing News 

6 June 2318, 065 1Z. 

Attention Temporal Protectorate: 

A rip has been detected in the fabric of time. Only moments remain until 
all that mankind has accomplished is laid waste. Your objective-journey 
through time.. .from prehistoric lands to the distant future, to prevent any 
compromise in the established continuum. But before the game is over, 
you must discover who.. .or what.. .is the source of this mayhem, and bring 
it to a halt. 

• Photorealistic 3D modeled worlds to explore • Over 30 minutes of full motion video 

• Integrated arcade action and puzzles to • N set order in which the goals must be 
challenge any player accomplished 

• Intuitive interface featuring easy-to-use • More than one solution to each prob- 

inventory and movement controls l em you encounter 

• Original soundtrack . Also available on Macintosh CD 

Take a ride through time on the CD Adventure 
that will alter history. 

Available at retailers throughout the continuum or by contacting: 
Quadra Interactive, Inc., P.O. Box 188033, Carlsbad, CA 92009-9793 

a^ilw mn ;i£g5ialaaa«S 

Travel through time 

Intense arcade action 

Multi-level challenges 


MP( version bvQinuJral titei'iicth e. Inc. 


Circle Reader Service Number 196 


HuSgftmH FmIMW ['rwtni! 

You can experiment with the 
video files that come with many 
CD-ROM applications. 

family album including 
interviews with the eldest 

One problem: Even with 
compression, video files 
can be many megabytes in 

Table: Video Playback Performance with the Indeo 3.0 Codec 




640 x 480 

1 fps 
20 fps 

320 x 240 


15 fps 

30 fps 

30 fps 

30 fps 

30 fps 

30 fps 

size, so how do you get that 
five-megabyte letter to your 
sister in Alaska? One solu- 
tion is to use one of the 
video codecs that let you 
trade off the degree of com- 
pression with the level of 
quality. Most codecs offer a 
compressor setting for 
quality that goes from to 
100 percent. It's typically 
set somewhere between 65 
and 85 percent, but you 
could set it lower and fur- 
ther compress your file. The 

other solution would be to 
optimize the way you send 
your document. Many 
backup programs will let 
you split a large file onto 
many floppies, or you could 
send a backup tape to 
someone who's using the 
same kind of tape backup 

At this point, desktop 
video is still in its infancy. 
With the initial release of 
Video for Windows, all you 
could practically do was 

160 x 120 videos. Now, with 
the improved Video for 
Windows and QuickTime for 
Windows codecs, most new 
PCs can handle 320 x 240 
videos, with 640 x 480 
videos just around the cor- 
ner. And with powerful pro- 
grams such as Adobe 
Premiere and the soon-to- 
be-shipping Passport Pro- 
ducer for Windows, the 
world of PC-based digital 
video editing is finally open- 
ing up to the casual user. □ 

AVI. Short for Audio/Video 
Interleaved. The video file 
format used by Video for 

codec. Short for compres- 
sion/decompression. A dri- 
ver used by Video for 
Windows or QuickTime for 
Windows that compresses 
and decompresses video 

compression. The pro- 
cess of reducing the size of 
a video file either with no 
loss of quality (lossless) or 
with some limited loss of 
quality (lossy). See also 
lossy and lossless. 

desktop video. Compu- 
ter-based digital video usu- 
ally associated with high- 
end full-screen video pro- 
duction. Much as the term 
desktop publishing is used 
to describe the ability to ere- 


quality, a lossless method of 
compression will generally 
result in a much larger file 
than a lossy method of com- 
pression. See also lossy 
and compression. 

ate, edit, and store text- 
based documents with a 
personal computer, desktop 
video is used to describe 
the ability to record, manip- 
ulate, and store video with a 
personal computer. 

fps. Short for frames per 
second. The speed at which 
a sequence of pictures is 
played back. Frame rates 
higher than about 15 fps 
give the illusion that a series 
of still pictures is actually a 
continuously moving image. 
Standard frame rates 
include U.S. video at 30 fps, 
European video at 28 fps. 
sound film at 24 fps, and 
silent film at 16 fps to 24 fps. 

lossless. A compression 
method that allows com- 
pressed files to be decom- 
pressed to their original 
form with no loss of quality. 
Because it doesn't sacrifice 

lossy. A compression 
method that compresses 
files with some limited loss of 
quality. Because it sacrifices 
quality, a lossy method of 
compression will generally 
result in a much smaller file 
than a lossless method of 
compression. See also loss- 
less and compression. 

MOV. Short for movie. The 
video file format used by 
QuickTime for Windows. 

QuickTime for Win- 
dows. A set of software 
programs from Apple that 
allows Windows to play 
motion video sequences on 
a personal computer without 

specialized hardware. 
QuickTime for Windows has 
its own set of compres- 
sion/decompression drivers 
(called codecs), similar to 
those found in Video for 
Windows, and plays video 
files with the MOV exten- 
sion. See also codec, 
Video for Windows, and 

Video for Windows. A 

set of software programs 
from Microsoft that allows 
Windows to play motion 
video sequences on a per- 
sonal computer without spe- 
cialized hardware. Video for 
Windows has its own set of 
sion drivers (called codecs), 
similar to those found in 
QuickTime for Windows, 
and plays video files with 
the AVI extension. See also 
codec, QuickTime for 
Windows, and AVI. 

70 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

Compton's introduces music on CD-ROM. 
(\£>u may want to upgrade your system.) 

Performance video. Personal photos. Exclusive interviews. Digital quality sound. Our music CD-ROMs have arrived. 

Be prepared. 




A Tribune Publishing Company 

) 1994 Camptoa's NewMedia, Inc. All trademarks arc the property of their respective owners. 
Circle Reader Service Number 240 



Just like the Movies 

Calling all science-fiction 
buffs! The C.H.A.O.S. 
Continuum is a new CD- 
ROM science-fiction adven- 
ture with an edge. It's the 
first CD-ROM to use both 
movie-quality animation and 
special effects. The tech- 
niques used for C.H.A.O.S. 
are the same techniques that 

One of the game's unique 
features is a random path 
structure, which triggers a dif- 
ferent combination of events 
each time the game is 

Creative Multimedia 



Circle Reader Service Number 530 

The C.H.A.O.S Continuum from Creative Multimedia 

were used to develop the 
visual effects in The Abyss, 
Terminator II, Batman II, and 
Jurassic Park. 

The game begins in the 
year 2577, when Titan Colony 
is being held captive by 
C.H.A.O.S. (Cybergenetic 
Holistic Autonomous Orbiting 
Server). Instead of dramatical- 
ly boosting the brainpower of 
the Titan colonists, C.H.A.O.S. 
has malfunctioned to the point 
of destroying the colony and 
trapping its scientist creators 
in a parallel continuum. The 
colony's only hope is for the 
scientists to contact the com- 
puter operators — you and 
me — in the twentieth century, 
so we can interact with the 
future, rescue them, and free 
the colony. 

72 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

Son of Alien 

Game player alert! Dark 
Seed, winner of the soft- 
ware industry's highest 
honor, the CODIE Award 
(for the best fantasy role- 
playing/adventure game of 
1993), is now available in a 
CD-ROM version. 

"Dark Seed combines 
high-resolution, realtime 
animation within a movielike 
story line which features 
stunning plot twists," says 
Patrick Ketchum, president 
and CEO of Cyberdreams. 
Players can take this game 
to its maximum potential 
without taking up hard drive 
space. There's also the 
added dimension of digi- 
tized speech throughout the 
game. Cyberdreams is 

known for publishing seri- 
ous science-fiction games 
where each product is 
designed, scripted, and 
storyboarded by gameplay 
experts and world-famous 
artists, designers, and writ- 
ers. One of the artists 
involved in this project was 
the famed Swiss surrealist 
H. R. Giger, winner of an 
Academy Award for his 
designs in Alien. 

Sony Electronic Publishing 



Circle Reader Service Number 531 

Early Animals 

Prehistoria, a new CD-ROM 
from Grolier Electronic 
Publishing, is a visual ency- 
clopedia of prehistoric ani- 
mals. It includes videos, 
Knowledge Explorer Audio- 
Visual Essays, pictures, and 
narrated animations. "Based 
on content provided by 
Marshall Editions in the U.K., 
this multimedia CD-ROM 
encompasses the evolution 
of over 600 species of pre- 
historic animals dating back 
500 million years," says 
David Arganbright, presi- 
dent of Grolier. 

Dark Seed on CD-ROM 

The program has six 
graphically oriented entry 
points allowing you to 
access a vast amount of 
information. First, there's the 
Time Tracker, where you 
can discover which prehis- 
toric animals and dinosaurs 
lived during any of the 11 
eras in the title. Second, the 
Grolier Museum lets you 
explore — through videos, 
narrated animations, and 
Knowledge Explorer Audio- 
Visual Essays — dozens of 
topics, including fossil stud- 
ies, a tour of prehistoric 
earth, prehistoric animal 
types from birth to extinc- 
tion, and answers to contro- 
versial questions. Third is 


% Time Tracher 
^ Search 

H Grolier Museum 

*1* Classifications 

", Crearure Show 

Learn about prehistoric animals with Prehistoria. 

Altec Lansing's new ACS3 
speaker system 
the Gallery, where you can 
use graphical browsing fea- 
tures that group prehistoric 
animals by similarities. 
Fourth, the Creature Show 
allows you to view hundreds 
of photos and text records 
at a glance. Full-color pic- 
tures, size, location, and 
zoological classification 
information are included for 
all the animals in this seg- 
ment. Fifth, you have the 
Classifications, where you 
can advance through a hier- 
archy of scientific classifica- 
tions of the animals. And 
finally, there's the Search, 
which features traditional 
Boolean logic searching. 

Grolier Electronic Publishing 

(203) 797-3500 


Circle Reader Service Number 532 

Speak Up 

Altec Lansing, a leader in 
multimedia computer 
sound, has introduced a 
new computer speaker sys- 
tem. The ACS3 includes 
two self-powered, shielded 
satellite speakers and an 
amplified subwoofer. The 
electronically controlled 
satellite speakers feature a 
special foldaway design for 
convenient transporting, 
making the ACS3 suitable 
for individual near-field 

p u t e r 
audio, as well 
as for small-group 
presentations and multime- 
dia demonstrations. 

A unique element of the 
subwoofer is its extended 
low-frequency response, 
which adds drama and 
bass to multimedia audio. 
The subwoofer also fea- 
tures a multipath chamber 
design which enhances 
sound reproduction. 

Altec Lansing 



Circle Reader Service Number 533 

Twice the Fun 

Procom Technology has 
announced its PCDS-DS 
series of affordable, double- 
speed CD-ROM subsys- 
tems. They offer a variety of 
features for advanced multi- 
media applications. 

The drives provide a low- 
cost implementation of dou- 
ble-speed technology utiliz- 
ing AT-bus technology. 
They include an AT-bus 
interface card and meet 
MPC Level 2 standards with 
support for multisession 
Photo CDs. 

With a 300K-per-second 
sustained data transfer rate 
and a 350-millisecond seek 
time, the Procom drives pro- 
vide faster access to data 
and higher video-playback 
quality than single-speed 
CD-ROM drives. 

The series is available 
with a 16-bit sound board in 
both internal and external 

configurations. Procom also 
offers the drive as an MPC 
upgrade kit, called the 
Multimedia CD Station, 
which includes eight premi- 
um software titles, a 16-bit 
sound board, and speakers. 

Procom Technology 
Prices vary based on con- 
figurations and bundling. 

Circle Reader Service Number 534 

How Low Can You Go? 

Here's a sound card that 
lists for only $79. AudioBlitz 
Classic is a full-featured 16- 
bit sound card that's com- 
patible with the major 
industry standards, includ- 
ing Sound Blaster, Ad Lib, 
and Windows Sound 

The AudioBlitz Classic 
model A3100 features 
recording and playback in 
both 8- and 16-bit sampling 
modes. You also have a 
choice of compression 
methods (such as PCM and 
ADPCM) to store sound 

files using minimal hard 
disk space. The card fea- 
tures an FM synthesizer that 
delivers quality sound with 
a very low signai-to-noise 
ratio. In addition, it has a 
direct line level and micro- 
phone input for recording, 
with output enhanced by an 
internal four-watt amplifier. 

The AudioBlitz Classic is 
PC-game ready with a joy- 
stick port which supports 
two players. It can also be 
used as a MIDI interface for 
recording music directly 
from keyboards and other 
electronic instruments. The 
package includes a micro- 
phone, earphones, and a 
set of software accessories, 
including Audio Clips 
Library, Audio Recorder, 
Audio Reminder, Stop- 
watch, Time, Talking 
Calculator, Talking Clock, 
and Chimes. 

Genoa Systems 
(408) 432-9090 

Circle Reader Service Number 535 

A full-featured 16-bit sound card for just $79! 




By Scott A. May 


Explore the past through the 
eyes of the future in The 
Journeyman Project, a sci- 
ence-fiction adventure from 
Quadra Interactive. Originally 
produced for the Macintosh, 
this award-winning CD-ROM 
arrives intact for Windows. 

The background story is 
far from original, but intriguing 
nonetheless. It's the year 
2318, and the world has final- 
ly found peace. Centuries of 
senseless hate and destruc- 
tion are only dark memories 
now, replaced by the current 
era of unprecedented social, 
economic, and political stabili- 
ty. Technology once used for 
evil now serves the common 
good, including mankind's 
inevitable conquest of space. 
During the colonization of 
Mars, humans have had their 
first contact with alien life, a 
race known as the Cyrollans. 
The Cyrollans have invited 
humankind to join the 
"Symbiotry of Peaceful 
Beings," a historic alliance of 
intelligent species. 

Unfortunately, not all share 
in this desire for growth and 
universal peace. Terrorists 
have seized the newfound 
technology of time travel as a 
means to change the past, 
thus altering the present and 
sabotaging earth's potentially 
bright future. Your job, as an 
agent of the government's 
Temporal Protectorate, is to 
monitor the space-time con- 
tinuum. If a rift occurs, you 
must travel back in time to 
stop the culprits and mend 
the damage. Because any 
change in the fabric of time 
can cause a ripple effect, 
your assignments take on 
added urgency. 

The game begins on 
earth's skybome metropolis of 
Caldoria. Among your first 
duties is simply reporting to 

74 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

work in the top-secret 
Temporal Security Annex. 
Along the way you'll make an 
interesting discovery: The 
designers of the game, Presto 
Studios, are absolute fanatics 
for high-tech gizmos and gad- 
gets. The game is filled with 
them, and they're incredibly 
detailed — almost to a fault. 
Your apartment, for example, 
is equipped with something 
called a Hi Rez 4D Environ, a 
fascinating vision of audiovisu- 
al ambiance. Elsewhere, you'll 
encounter molecular trans- 

are far above average. Crisp 
digitized effects accompany 
even the most mundane ani- 
mation, from molecular recon- 
struction to flushing toilets. 

The 3-D ray-traced graph- 
ics are exceptionally ren- 
dered, enhanced with spot 
animation and more than 30 
minutes of QuickTime for 
Windows full-motion video. A 
bitmapped screen overlay — 
designed to emulate your 
character's cranial "Biotech 
Implant" — serves multiple 
functions, including main view 

Repair rips in time with The Journeyman Project. 

porters, security checks, and 
particle acceleration (time 
travel) that literally swims with 
prolonged futuristic theatrics. 

Sound also plays an impor- 
tant role in the game's overall 
mood. Digitized speech fla- 
vors much of the script, 
including professional actors 
such as Graham Jarvis, fea- 
tured on "Star Trek: The Next 
Generation." Haunting New 
Age tunes drift lazily in the 
background during transitional 
scenes, but as the action 
heats up, so does the sound- 
track. The musical composi- 
tions — featuring all original 
tunes — and technical quality 

window, inventory, compass, 
energy level indicator, move- 
ment controls, and game 
save and resume options. 
Here, you can access 
BioChips that you find along 
the way, letting you perform 
the special tasks necessary to 
complete the game. 

Gameplay is nicely varied, 
including dozens of logical 
puzzles and several 
sequences of simulated 
arcade-style action. Although 
the publisher claims that the 
plot is nonlinear, items found 
in certain time zones must be 
collected if you're to succeed 
in subsequent travels. You 

may indeed wander freely 
throughout this virtual world, 
but don't expect to win the 
game that way. On the other 
hand, most puzzles and 
predicaments do offer more 
than one solution — usually 
including a peaceful (pre- 
ferred) and a violent solu- 
tion — giving the game a fair 
degree of replay value. Most 
of the puzzles are of easy-to- 
medium difficulty, suitable for 
all levels of players. 

Ironically, time is the 
game's biggest drawback, a 
problem exemplified by the 
unusually long initial loading 
sequence, which takes nearly 
four minutes to arrive at the 
main menu. More delays 
occur at almost every turn — 
simply walking down a corri- 
dor can prove to be an aggra- 
vating experience. Movement 
unfolds at a snail's pace, in 
single steps, pausing the 
action each time to update 
the screen. Each step also 
produces a momentary break 
in the background music or 
sound effects. The results are 
disappointingly choppy, even 
on a fast 80486-based 
machine. Because the game 
runs completely from CD- 
ROM, a double-speed CD- 
ROM drive helps, but it 
doesn't eliminate this undesir- 
able time lag. It's a curious 
problem, especially consider- 
ing the game's 8MB RAM 
requirement, and it has a neg- 
ative impact on an otherwise 
cutting-edge game. 

They say good things 
come to those who wait. The 
Journeyman Project puts this 
adage to the test with techni- 
cal problems that could easily 
spoil a lesser game's fun. 

Quadra Interactive 



Circle Reader Service Number 550 


Like To 
Have fou For 

The good news is you survived 
the plane crash. The bad news is 
you're on the Isle of the Deadl 
Now, as you search for survival' 
items and a way off the island, you 
face a horrifying assortment of flesh- 
eating zombies, hidfcpiis bats, blood- 
thirsty wolves and other unsavory 
locals. Can we help it if the press j 
is calling it "gory," "gruesome," 
"graphic" and "sickening?" 

you'll traverse dense jungles, 
treacherous caves and explore the 
local, village to unlock riddles that 
could aid your escape. And if you're 
lucky, yOu may even rehabilitate a 
beautiful zombie babe. 

But don't forget to keep an eye put 
behind you. Because on the Isle of 
the Dead, you're 
on the menu! • 

See your dealer Sft §■ A ^\ 
or call today! wJwm^Mw 

WARNING: This game depicts 
scenes of graphic violence. 


1 -800-238-4277 

"Big, bright,, ph-so-gruesome graphics . .' . enough blood and gore to make even George 
Romero blanch. A real tonguerin-cheek, teeth-in-flesh kind of adventure." 

PC Entertainment, October, '93 

he faint-hearted. Sampled 
realistic sounds add to the sickening, 
/bloody atmosphere." Vide oGantes 

September '93 

Brings new meaning to the term "graphic 

PC Entertainment 
October '93 

yTnJFlif' ' I3707 Gamma Road • Dallas, Texas 75244 • 214-385-2353 

'©Merit Software 



IBM 3.5" HD disks. Minimum requirements: 386 PC or 100% compatible, 4MB RAM; DOS 5.0 Orgreater, hard drive and VGA graphics. 
Sound support: Sound Blaster and compatibles. -©1994 Merit Software. 

Circle Reader Service Number 176 


Power and flexibility are yours 

when you log on with this easy-to-use 

Windows terminal program. 

Denny Atkin 


Whether you want to explore 
your local BBS or start surfing 
the Internet, you won't find a 
much smoother vehicle for 
your cyberspace journeys 
than QmodemPro for Win- 
dows. Mustang Software has 
taken a powerhouse terminal 
program and wrapped it in an 
inviting Windows covering, mak- 
ing for one of the best combi- 
nations since Reese's covered 
peanut butter with chocolate. 

The original Qmodem was a 
classic shareware terminal pro- 
gram for DOS. It matured into 
one of the best PC communica- 
tions programs available, grow- 
ing powerful without getting too 
complex. A couple of years 
ago, the program was pur- 
chased by Mustang Software, 
publishers of the Wildcat! BBS, 
and enhanced and re-released 
as QmodemPro, a commercial 
terminal program. (Mustang 
still allows the older Qmodem 
4.x versions to be freely distrib- 
uted as "tryware" for its en- 
hanced commercial offerings.) 

QmodemPro for Windows is 
built on the foundation of its ma- 
ture DOS ancestor, but it's not 
a DOS program with a Win- 
dows interface carelessly 
slapped over it; it feels like a 
Windows program through 
and through. A well-consid- 
ered user interface, smooth mul- 
titasking capabilities, icon- 
based dialing capabilities, and 
drag-and-drop integration 
with the Windows File Manag- 
er make this follow-on superior 
to its predecessor. 

The program has a full set 
of features for the professional 
user who needs to log on to 
corporate mainframes, includ- 
ing Kermit transfer protocol; 
full emulation of terminals 

such as Data General, Hazel- 
tine, Televideo, and DEC VT; 
and support for using net- 
worked modems. But unlike 
many other commercial termi- 
nal programs, QmodemPro pro- 
vides a complete suite of fea- 
tures for BBS users as well. 

Perhaps the best of these is 
support for RIPscrip, a graphi- 
cal terminal emulation support- 
ed by many BBSs which pro- 
vides mouse support for menu 
selections and displays 640 x 
350 graphics in 16 colors. Nav- 
igating a BBS that has full 
RIPscrip support is a snap 
and is a much more visually in- 
teresting experience. Other ter- 
minal emulations, such as stan- 
dard IBM ANSI, work flawless- 
ly and provide a number of con- 
figuration options such as font 
and window size. A split- 
screen option is handy for use 
in live online chat sessions. My 
only complaint is that the font 
size isn't adjustable in 
RIPso.ip, so characters are aw- 
fully s mall on a 1024 x 768 Win- 
dows screen. 

Ti a isfer protocols include 
XMCDEM (standard, CRC, and 
1K v iriants), YMODEM (stan- 
dard and -G), ZMODEM, Ker- 
mit, ASCII, and CompuServe 
B+. Options can be adjusted 

for each protocol when appro- 
priate, such as 16- or 32-bit 
CRCs for ZMODEM, and wheth- 
er to autostart downloads with 
protocols that support that fea- 
ture. Protocol transfers were 
very solid, with no errors encoun- 
tered on fast V.32bis down- 
loads while multitasking. 

An example of the superb in- 
tegration of QmodemPro into 
the Windows environment is 
the ability to drag and drop 
files from the Windows File Man- 
ager into the upload selection 
dialog box — file selection has 
never been easier than this. 

One nice feature is the abili- 
ty to view GIF images as 
they're being downloaded. The 
GIF viewer supports multiple 
Zoom levels, printing images, 
copying them to the system clip- 
board, and slide-show-style dis- 
play of multiple images. A file 
viewer shows files in hexadec- 
imal or ASCII formats, and 
there's a nice built-in text editor 
with search and replace, auto- 
indent, and word-wrap. 

QmodemPro has one of the 
best phone books I've seen in 
a terminal program; it's pack- 
ed with features, but it's not 
overly complex. There are 
three interfaces for selecting 
numbers to dial: a traditional 



text listing of numbers, an icon- 
based listing that looks just 
like a Windows program 
group, and a combination 
view which places icons next 
to the text listing. There's a 
search function that makes find- 
ing a BBS in a long list easier. 
You can also group any set of 
entries and then perform an op- 
eration on that group. For in- 
stance, you could create a 
group and give it the name Lo- 
cal BBS numbers; then you 
could have the program dial 
each of those numbers until it 
connects with one. Each listing 
in the phone book contains en- 
tries for the phone number, de- 
vice, user ID, notes, emulation, 
default script to run upon con- 
nection, macro key settings, 
protocol, time and date of last 
connection, and the number of 
times you've called. A nice 
touch is that, as you scroll left 
and right to view all of these en- 
tries, the name of the BBS 
doesn't scroll from column 1, 
so you always know which 
BBS entry you're viewing. If 
you're upgrading from a DOS 
terminal program, Qmodem- 
Pro for Windows will convert 
Qmodem and QmodemPro for 
DOS, Procomm Plus 1.1 and 
2.0 for DOS, Telix, and Boyan 
phone books. 

You won't find yourself hurt- 
ing for programmable function 
keys when using this program. 
You can program any of 44 
keys on the keyboard to per- 
form up to four different func- 
tions (normal, Shift, Ctrl, and 
Shift-Ctrl). There are also ten 
buttons at the bottom of the ter- 
minal window corresponding 
to the number keys at the top 
of the main keyboard; each but- 
ton/key can have up to four 
programmable functions de- 
pending upon which of various 
combinations of the Alt, Shift, 
and Ctrl keys are pressed. 

That's a total of 216 program- 
mable key combinations, al- 
though the 40 provided by the 
number keys should be plenty 
for most folks. 

You can customize the look 
of the QmodemPro window, 
changing the pattern behind 
the desktop or replacing it with 
BMP wallpaper. You can also 
choose to have WAV sounds 
play when certain operations 
are complete. 

It's easy to review or store 
your online sessions, thanks to 
QmodemPro's scroll-back buff- 
er. The contents of the scroll- 
back buffer, or just the data cur- 
rently on the screen, can be 
sent to the system clipboard, a 
text file, the current capture 
file, or the printer. You can also 
copy selected text to or paste it 
from the system clipboard. 

Send- and receive-fax capa- 
bilities are built into Qmodem- 
Pro — rather unusual features 
for this kind of program. It can 
send ASCII text files and PCX 
or BMP graphic files as faxes, 
complete with a configurable 
cover sheet. Received faxes 
can be viewed onscreen or 
printed, and saved individual- 
ly for later recall. Fax function- 
ality is fairly limited in this re- 
lease, though — there's no way 
to schedule faxes for later send- 
ing, and a printer driver isn't in- 
cluded for sending formatted 
faxes from application soft- 
ware such as Word for Win- 
dows. Mustang says it will 
beef up fax support with a print- 
er driver in a future upgrade. 

QmodemPro for Windows 
has a very complete scripting 
language called SLIQ. It's ac- 
tually a structured version of 
BASIC with telecommunica- 
tions commands added, so ex- 
perienced BASIC program- 
mers will find it very easy to 
pick up. This is a powerful lan- 
guage, and one of the modifi- 

able sample scripts is a basic 
BBS-style host mode that you 
can use to let others call your 
computer and leave messag- 
es or transfer files. SLIQ is doc- 
umented in a very complete 
236-page reference manual. 

The 302-page user guide 
for QmodemPro is superb. It 
makes no assumptions of any 
user knowledge of telecommu- 
nications, and it goes beyond 
the call of duty by not only walk- 
ing you through your first BBS 
log-on, but also explaining con- 

IBM PC or 
compatible (80386 
compatible), 4MB 
RAM, Windows 3.1, 
3!/2-inch high- 
density (loppy 
drive, mouse, 
modem; supports 


QmodemPro ] » j S 

Bte t<W fhocwbook Fax Device lermhiaJ Scripts 

Options tf*Hp 



HJ Science 

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■■ "*f ■ -tm ' "i" ' 

S& E<te f-t» Se*ch Qial 0ew Help 

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tt> ■■;-■■,: ■- ;■:■: 1 

cepts like ZIP compression. Ku- 
dos to Mustang for providing 
documentation that's com- 
plete, easy to read, and occa- 
sionally even witty. If you do 
encounter a problem not cov- 
ered in the manual, Mustang 
provides support on its own 
BBS and on CompuServe, GE- 
nie, and AOL; there's also a 
toll-call tech support line. 

Best of all, QmodemPro for 
Windows is one of the most sol- 
id 1.0 releases I've ever used. 
In all my testing, I haven't en- 
countered a single bug or 
crash. If you want to get on- 
line, QmodemPro for Windows 
makes it as easy as loading 
up and logging on. □ 

Circle Reader Service Number 391 

Class 1 and Class 
2 fax/data 
modems— $139 



P.O. BOX 2264 

Bakersfield, CA 


(800) 999-9619 




Robert Bixby 


makes darkroom 



and fun. 


Some say that the Macintosh 
was the advance that brought 
power publishing to the mass- 
es. Some say it was the laser 
printer. I say it was font tech- 
nology that made the biggest 
difference. Desktop publish- 
ing existed long before the 
Mac or the laser printer, but it 
was dreadful stuff, usually us- 
ing typewritten or daisywheel- 
printed pages as the proofs. 
Font technology was respon- 
sible for the most visible 
change in the appearance of 
the printed page — the thing 

that made people with an eye 
for beautiful printing see the 
possibility that they, too, 
could create totally outra- 
geous pages. 

First, fonts became stan- 
dard: Palatino. Times New Ro- 
man, Helvetica, and others. 
Then fonts became beautiful 
and plentiful. Now, frankly, 
fonts are getting silly. Altsys 
(269 West Renner Parkway, 
Richardson, Texas 75080) has 
released Font-o-matic, a font 
"dehancer" that imposes spe- 
cial designs on TrueType and 
Adobe fonts, such as Holstein 
cow spots (in fact, for a logo 
Altsys has adopted a cow say- 
ing, "Milk your fonts for all 
they're worth," which it milks to 
death), cactus spikes, a shat- 
tered appearance, and so 
forth (15 in all). These special 
designs can be mixed and 

matched for billions of combi- 
nations (I estimate that there 
are 1,307,674,368,000 in all, 
multiplied by dozens of fine- 
tunings for each effect). 

When you make a change, 
you can save your font to disk 
or (to conserve time) save on- 
ly a snippet of text or some 
part of a font, such as capitals, 
lowercase letters, numbers, 
punctuation, or symbols. 
Then you can share your cus- 
tom-designed fonts with your 
friends and coworkers. 

Font-o-matic comes with 1 4 
Adobe Type 1 PostScript 
fonts. Altsys hints that addition- 
al font dehancers may be in 
the works, in case this product 
is a success, 

Altsys is treating Font-o-ma- 
tic as an entry-level font-edit- 
ing program, hoping that 
when people discover how 
much fun font editing can be, 
they'll move up to Fontogra- 
pher, another Altsys product. 

Two programs that I've 
been using lately have given 
me a lot of pleasure; they're 
easy to use, and they have 
very powerful effects. The first 
is PhotoFinish from Softkey (for- 
merly WordStar International; 
201 Alameda del Prado, Nova- 
to, California 94949). You 
might recall that PhotoFinish 
was a ZSoft product. Word- 
Star purchased ZSoft, and 
Softkey purchased WordStar. 
The program offers all of the 
darkroom power of CorelPHO- 
TO-PAINT! (which is based on 
an earlier version of PhotoFin- 
ish), but the interface design- 
ers have had a couple of ex- 
tra years to think of ways to 
make the interaction more flu- 
id. The principal change is 
that instead of choosing an ef- 
fect and then making settings 
in a dialog box, you're present- 
ed with a screenful of exam- 
ples to show the effect of vari- 
ous settings on the current 
picture. Creating the exam- 
ples also takes a lot of proc- 
essor time, so unless you 

have at least a 486DX2/50, 
you might become impatient 
with this feature (it can be 
turned off). Other additions to 
the program include AutoEn- 
hance, which scans, crops, 
straightens, sharpens, and en- 
hances images in a single 
step; real media brushes, 
which give the genuine look 
and feel of oil paint, crayons, 
markers, and more; and pres- 
sure-sensitive tablet support. 

The second program is 
HSC Digital MORPH from HSC 
Software (1661 Lincoln Boule- 
vard, Santa Monica, California 
90404). Digital MORPH allows 
you to morph any paint file in- 
to any other paint file. You can 
control what part of the first 
graphic is morphed and into 
which part of the second graph- 
ic it is morphed. If you don't 
take rigid control over this, the 
morph will resemble a lap dis- 
solve, a film technique that 
causes scenes to blur, one in- 
to the next. You can save the 
morph as a series of still imag- 
es and then animate them in 
a movie. 

But Digital MORPH doesn't 
stop there. You can also warp 
an image — distort it by drag- 
ging the control points of an 
overlaid grid. Warping images 
is enormous fun. 

Neither of these programs 
takes more than a few minutes 
to learn, and each of them 
puts enormous graphical pow- 
er into your hands. 

Have a DTP tip you'd like to 
share? Let me know about it 
by calling (900) 884-8681, ex- 
tension 7010203 (sponsored 
by Pure Entertainment, P.O. 
Box 186, Hollywood, California 
90078). The call costs 95 
cents per minute, you must be 
18 or older, and you must use 
a touch-tone phone. Or write 
to "Art Works" in care of this 
magazine. And if you don't 
have a tip, call to let me know 
what you're up to, what soft- 
ware you're using, and how I 
can be of help. □ 



Ever wanted to blend 
color, shapes and 
images to create masterful works of art as effort- 
lessly as a professional? Well, now there's a program 
that lets you dojustthaton your Windows "or 
Macintosh* computer. It's called Dabbler," and it's 
easy to learn and even easier to use. 

Dabbler works with either a mouse or a stylus, 
and supports a rich palette of 16-bit color for 
maximum performance 
and minimal system 
demand. And just as 
you'd expect from 
Fractal Design, 
Dabbler includes a full 

array of Natural-Media" tools and styles, all wrap 
in a totally new intuitive graphical Interface. What's 
more, you also get self-running tutorials based on an 
exclusive learn to draw and paint manual ,* 



written in collaboration with Walter 

Foster, America's leading publisher of \r , :.r 

how-to art books for more than 10 years. 

Best of all, with a suggested retail price 
of only §9Q* Dabbler fits any budget-and almost any 


so easy 
an adult 
i do it." 

allowance. For the 
name of your nearest 
dealer or to place 
your order directly, 
call us today at 

Introducing Dabbler, 

for anyone 

who wants to 

make art. 

mr — 




■9 ■.?.:>? r -&st3>\ Design Corporation. All rights- reserved, fractal Design Dabbler is a trademark and Natural-Media is a registered 
trademark of Fractal Design Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective holders. 
'50 day money-back guarantee: 



Circle Reader Service Number 140 


Engaging animated cartoons, excellent digitized 

voices and sounds, and fully interactive screens make this 

a nearly perfect piece of software. 

Clayton Walnum ^ 


Buyer, beware! That's the 
rule when you go shopping 
for multimedia CD-ROM titles, 
as with all other software. The 
quality of CD-ROM titles var- 
ies from mediocre to sensation- 
al. Make a bad choice, and 
you'll end up with a disc the 
kids would rather use as a 
Play-Doh mold than use with 
the computer. Thankfully, 
there's one series of CD-ROM 
titles you can trust: Living 
Books, from Braderbund. Buy 
one of these products, and 
both you and your kids are 
guaranteed hours of reward- 
ing computer fun. 

Living Books are not only 
electronic storytellers but full 
multimedia experiences featur- 
ing nearly cartoon-quality ani- 
mation, original music, profes- 
sional actors, and a heaping 
helping of wit and cleverness. 
The latest offering, The Tor- 
toise and the Hare, is excep- 
tionally entertaining and re- 
warding. It comes with demos 
of the other three titles in the 
series (Just Grandma and 
Me, Arthur's Teacher Trouble, 
and The New Kid on the 
Block), so you can see and ex- 
periment with the first page of 
each book, in case it hasn't 
made it into your library yet. 

When you run The Tortoise 
and the Hare, the two main 
characters appear on the 
screen and introduce them- 
selves. The hare relays a 
somewhat biased summary of 
the famous race before zip- 
ping off the screen. The tor- 
toise sticks around, however, 
to guide you through the pro- 
gram, promising that if you fol- 
low his instructions, he'll see 
that you get to hear the real 
story. He begins by pointing 

" *&£&& 

to the onscreen controls and 
explaining what each one 
does. These verbal clues en- 
able even very young chil- 
dren to get the most out of 
the Living Book. 

The options on the main 
screen include Read to Me, 
Let Me Play, Options, and 
Quit. If you select the Read to 
Me option, you're presented 
with an animated, cover-to- 
cover reading of the story- 
book. On each page, the pro- 
gram highlights the story's 
words as the digitized voice 
reads — a great aid for young 
readers who are polishing 
their reading skills. The narra- 
tor, a bird named Simon, ap- 
pears on every page and 
reads the text. It's almost as if 
Simon is observing the story 
as it happens, an element 
that adds an immediacy to 
the tale that children take to 
like kittens to catnip. 

Movielike sequences inter- 
spersed throughout the read- 
ing bring the story to life. For 
example, in the first scene, Si- 
mon introduces the tortoise, 
who yawns and strolls from 
his house and plops down on 
a bench to watch the world 

go by. When Simon introduc- 
es the hare, the hare zips 
from his house, rushes be- 
hind a tree to brush his teeth, 
hustles across the street to crit- 
icize the tortoise for his slow- 
ness, and then streaks down 
the road and out of sight. 

In another scene, the hare 
stops in a garden, where he 
gorges on vegetables, munch- 
ing and slobbering as if he's 
starving. After downing the 
contents of a basket, he belch- 
es and gives Simon a trium- 
phant grin. Of course, with eve- 
ry stop the hare makes — espe- 
cially the long snooze he 
takes after his hefty meal — 
the tortoise catches up more 
and more. At the end of the 
race, the hare dashes for the 
finish line, but he's seconds 
too late. 

When you choose the Let 
Me Play option, the book not 
only reads each page to 
you — complete with the car- 
toon sequences — but also al- 
lows you to play with the 
items on the screen before 
moving on to the next page. 
Click on a flock of birds, for in- 
stance, and they break into a 
perfectly harmonized a cappel- 



la version of a favorite oldie. 
Other fun sequences include 
a chimney that blows its lid 
with a giant puff of smoke, a 
mailbox that spits a letter at a 
snoring mailbox across the 
street, a young frog that does 
a painful belly flop into a 
pond, a fox that buries his 
snout in a box of popcorn, a 
muskrat that plays some snaz- 
zy bluegrass on his banjo, 
and much, much more. There 
are dozens of objects with 
which to experiment; virtually 
every item on the screen will 
do something. 

Each page's text is also in- 
teractive, allowing you to click 
on words in order to hear the 
words spoken. Children can 
click on the words in any or- 
der, so they can build sentenc- 
es or just add new words to 
their reading vocabulary. Add 
the fact that the program can 
be switched between English 
and Spanish, and you have a 
fascinating environment in 
which children can learn 
about words and the way they 
fit together to form sentences. 
Although children may not un- 
derstand the Spanish version 
of the story (or vice versa if 
their native language is Span- 
ish), they'll nonetheless enjoy 
hearing the story in a different 
language, as well as seeing 
how one language's words re- 
late to another's. 

Choose the Options but- 
ton, and you move to the op- 
tion screen, where you can 
choose a particular page in 
which to play, view the pro- 
gram's credits, or see pre- 
views of upcoming Living 
Books titles. As always, the tor- 
toise is there to guide you in 
making your selections, de- 
scribing how to use the arrow 
buttons to choose a specific 
page. Even the credits are a 
delight to watch, featuring sev- 

eral zany characters — includ- 
ing a juggling office worker, 
an incompetent wizard, and a 
goofy dragon — in entertaining 
animated sequences. 

Of course, nothing can 
quite match the contentment 
children and adults share 
when they snuggle up and 
read a book aloud. So that 
you can take advantage of 
this more conventional form of 
storytelling, The Tortoise and 
the Hare package includes a 
fully illustrated, hardcopy 
book version of the story that 
almost exactly follows the on- 
screen version. For the times 
when you're unavailable to 
read, your child can follow 
the story in the book as it's be- 
ing read on the computer — 
although it will be tough to ig- 
nore the action on the 

Like the other books in the 
Living Books series, The Tor- 
toise and the Hare boasts ex- 
pertly rendered 256-color Su- 
per VGA graphics. The nearly 
cartoon-quality animation se- 
quences are the state of the 
art, and they're as fascinating 
to watch as they are integral to 
the story. A variety of digital 
voices (performed by over two 
dozen actors) and sound ef- 
fects further enhance the mul- 
timedia experience, bringing 
the tortoise and the hare's con- 
test to life. The majority of the 
sound is entertaining music, 
but you'll also get to hear fires 
crackle, telephones ring, water 
splash, crowds cheer, birds 
chirp, doors creak, doorbells 
chime, and many other realis- 
tic sound effects. All the origi- 
nal musical compositions are 
expertly performed by a six- 
piece jazz combo and a quar- 
tet of singers. The music is 
absolutely terrific. 

The Tortoise and the Hare 
is as close to perfect as a 

piece of software is likely to 
be. In spite of its re.iance on 
Windows' complicated multi- 
media extensions, it per- 
formed flawlessly on my sys- 
tem the first time I ran it. To 
run the program, all you must 
do is put the disc in your CD- 
ROM drive and click on The 
Tortoise and the Hare's execut- 
able file. You can also install 
the program in one of your 
Windows program groups, 
making it even easier to run. 
To get the most out of The Tor- 
toise and the Hare, though, 
you do need a machine that 
complies with the multimedia 

IBM PC or 
compatible), 4MB 
RAM, Super VGA, 
CD-ROM drive, 
mouse, Windows 
3.1; supports 
Sound Blaster, 
Sound Blaster Pro, 

standard. This means an 
80386SX or faster processor 
with Windows 3.1, a CD-ROM 
drive, a sound card, a Super 
VGA monitor, and four mega- 
bytes of RAM. 

A wonderful new item on 
the long list of excellent 
Broderbund titles, The Tor- 
toise and the Hare is a delight- 
ful addition to the Living 
Books series. Once you get 
started, both you and your 
child will have a tough time 
pulling yourselves away from 
this engaging performance of 
a venerable classic. O 

Circle Reader Service Number 392 


Tandy MPC, and 
compatible sound 
cards— $39.95 



500 Redwood Blvd. 

Novato, CA 94948- 



MAY 1994 COMPUTE 81 


Peter Olafson 

Battlecruiser 3000 

combines outer-space 

action, resource 

management, and 

more than 

a tew adventure 



It looks like Tsunami is going 
to make waves this year. Ring- 
world II, which continues the 
exploration of Larry Niven's 
vast ribbonlike world, will per- 
mit control of individual char- 
acters. It's also expected to 
be two to three times larger 
than the first game, with more 
challenging puzzles. Also com- 
ing is Protostar II, a sequel to 
the Starflight-like RPG, which 
adds 3-D sequences. 

Perhaps most intriguing is 
an untitled project, still in its ear- 
ly programming stages, that 
will permit you to use SimCity 
2000 saved-game files to gen- 
erate 3-D cities — cities which 
will continue to develop — 
which you'll navigate (and pre- 
sumably reduce to smoldering 
rubble) from the catbird's seat 
of a giant robot. This action- 

packed simulation will use parti- 
cle animation (which is to say 
that shards from exploding ob- 
jects don't all behave in the 
same fashion) and so-called 
voodoo physics (which dic- 
tates that heavy and light ro- 
bots will maneuver differently). 
The game is slated for release 
late in the year. 

Other themes. Theme Park 
is the newest sim from Eng- 
land's Bullfrog (the group be- 
hind Populous, PowerMonger, 

and Syndicate), created for 
Electronic Arts. You put down 
the attractions, build the little 
roads leading up to them, and 
set the prices. You also get to 
design roller coasters (com- 
plete with loops) and hope 
they stay on the tracks. 

Wondering how Sierra's go- 
ing to top Outpost CD, its new 
SimCity-in-space spectacu- 
lar? Possibly with Phantasma- 
goria. It's still in the early stag- 
es of development, and only a 
few screens from Roberta Wil- 
liams's in-development horror 
game were on display at the 
recent CES, but they looked 
promising in a larger-than-life 
way. This game will feature 
live actors chatting in gor- 
geous hand-drawn settings. Si- 
erra's also hard at work on 
King's Quest VII. 

The rush is on to hop on the 
3-D bandwagon pioneered by 
Wolfenstein 3-D and Doom. If 
Bethesda's Rampage, Ori- 
gin's Shadowcaster, and Ap- 
ogee's Blake Stone haven't giv- 
en you enough long hallways 
filled with interesting wall tiles 
to explore, look for Capstone's 
Corridor 7: Alien Invasion 
(what? a Capstone title not li- 
censed from a TV show or mov- 
ie?) real soon now, and Res- 
cue 911 (ah, I knew it was just 
a fluke!) later in the year. 
They're both built using a vari- 
ation on the original Wolfen- 
stein engine. While Corridor 7 
doesn't have the sharp, clean 
look of some of its 3-D competi- 
tors, the company has the ba- 
sic payability and shock val- 
ue down pat. 

In the works. Freelancer is 
coming soon from England's 
Imagetec (The Humans, Dae- 
monsgate, and the forthcom- 
ing Raiden and Evolution). 
The game sports detailed, 
Doom-like graphics and a 
seamless movielike intro an- 
imation by Tobias Richter, 
whom Amiga owners will re- 
member for his splendid "Star 
Trek" animations. This game 

features computer-controlled 
characters who aren't simple 
cannon fodder and who have 
agendas that do not coincide 
with yours. (In other words, 
you're going to have to race to 
beat them to the punch.) The 
opponents aren't drawn, but 
filmed, and they move 
through the game at 25 
frames per second. 

The news hasn't been 
good for what looked like a 
promising entry in the Ultima 
Underworld school of free- 
scrolling RPGs. Twin Dolphin 
Games' Forgotten Castles, 
which looked dazzling at its un- 
veiling at last summer's CES, 
has run into the comput- 
er-game equivalent of the tu- 
na net. The EA affiliate was to 
have delivered the game last 
November, but delays in finish- 
ing the 3-D engine and inter- 
face ultimately led to the with- 
drawal of the company's main 
investor in late October. Mat- 
ters were further complicated 
by the departure of the 
game's chief engineer in early 
December, according to pres- 
ident Steve Ruszak. Twin Dol- 
phin Games itself probably 
won't last beyond the summer, 
but there are other fish in the 
sea, and Ruszak reckons For- 
gotten Castles — which is 60 to 
70 percent complete — may 
yet surface. Both it and the 3- 
D engine are for sale as a pack- 
age, and he's optimistic the 
company will find a buyer. 

Back on track is Battlecruis- 
er 3000, which was originally 
slated for release last year by 
Three-Sixty Pacific. The devel- 
oper, Mission Studios (which 
will also be bringing out Jet- 
fighter III), has since hooked 
up with Interplay for distribu- 
tion, and BC3K should be out 
by the time you read this. A 
company representative at Win- 
ter CES described the game 
as "Wing Commander, with Fal- 
con 3.0, some resource man- 
agement, and a little adven- 
ture mixed in." □ 



Mutants. Biohazards. Cyberspace. SHODAN. 

There's no time to rest when your foe doesn't sleep ... 

Copyright © 1994 ORIGIN Systems, Inc. System Shock is a trademark of ORIGIN System: 
ORIGIN Systems, Inc. Electronic Arts is a registered trademark of Electronic Arts. Intel, In 

stered trademarks of 
I Corporation. 

Available at a software retailer near you, or call 1 -800-245-4525 for MC/Visa/Discover orders. 

Circle Reader Service Number 160 

An Electronic Arts 2 Company 

P.O. BOX 161750 AUSTIN, TX 78716 


Make use of future technology to control the 

terrain and go underground in the 

city you create in this detailed, realistic simulation, 

Jason Rich 


Finally! It's here. The sequel 
to the immensely popular 
SimCity is now on the market. 
And no bones about it — Sim- 
City 2000 lives up to all the 
hype. Now you can control 
the terrain of your cities and 
even go underground. And 
when you enter the year 
2000, you suddenly have 
huge populations to consider 
and new technology to exper- 
iment with. Incredibly realistic 
and fluid, SimCity 2000 
doesn't disappoint. 

The original SimCity intro- 
duced the concept of a soft- 
ware toy, an entertainment 
package with few predefined 
objectives and no winner or 
loser. Released by Maxis in 
1989, SimCity lets us experi- 
ment and use our imagina- 
tions without having to be com- 
petitive or expert. 

Since SimCity's release, 
computer technology has tak- 
en off, and SimCity 2000 
takes advantage of these de- 
velopments. Far more de- 
tailed and advanced in its ex- 
ecution, it provides an unbe- 
lievably realistic experience. 
To create this sequel, Maxis 
gathered and implemented 
fours years' worth of custom- 
er suggestions to ensure that 
SimCity 2000 would provide a 
satisfying entertainment expe- 
rience. You won't be disap- 
pointed: SimCity 2000 com- 
bines elements of a complex 
role-playing game, a graphics- 
based strategy game, and a 
challenging, fast-paced puz- 
zle to give you unlimited 
hours of fun. 

In SimCity 2000, you're the 
leader of a city that you must 
design, build, and manage. 
It's your job to create and pro- 
vide your populace with 
homes, offices, factories, and 

all city services, including po- 
lice and fire departments, elec- 
tricity, plumbing, mass transit, 
an educational system, and 
recreational facilities. 

One of the many new fea- 
tures in SimCity 2000 is your 
total control over the terrain up- 
on which a city is built. The 
main City screen is made up 
of tiny square tiles, each ap- 
propriately equivalent to one 
acre of land. Using the built- 
in Terrain Editor (before the 
simulation actually begins), 
you can design the terrain by 
adding mountains, hills, riv- 
ers, and oceans. These op- 
tions are fun to experiment 
with — a mountain can be up 
to 32 tiles high. 

You'll also appreciate the 
Underground Level, a new fea- 
ture that gives you access to 
the land under your city. 
Here, you can build things 
like a plumbing system and a 
subway system. 

Once the simulation actual- 
ly begins, you'll be looking at 
a blank City screen. Your first 
task is to begin creating and 
placing residential, commer- 
cial, and industrial zones. You 

must decide if you want the 
buildings within each zone to 
be spread out or placed close- 
ly together. When working 
with residential zones, for in- 
stance, you can create a 
light residential zone, result- 
ing in a community made up 
of single-family homes, or a 
dense residential zone, mean- 
ing that apartment buildings 
and condominiums will be 
built. Based on the location of 
the zone and the types of serv- 
ices available, the value of 
the real estate will be deter- 
mined, and high-, middle-, 
and low-income areas of your 
city will be delineated. As 
you'll quickly discover, the 
placement of each zone has 
a major impact on the overall 
growth potential and success 
of your city. 

Unlike in the original 
game, these zones are literal- 
ly painted on the City screen, 
so it's quite easy to create 
zones that spread out over 
many tiles. When electricity is 
added to each zone, build- 
ings and other structures are 



automatically built; however, 
you're responsible for provid- 
ing all city services. Using the 
Query icon, you can get a 
closeup of any tile and see 
the dozens of different types 
of buildings and structures 
which are created within the 
various zones. 

The zones must be connect- 
ed with roads so that the pop- 
ulation can easily travel by car 
throughout the city. Your tran- 
sit system can include high- 
ways, bridges, on and off 
ramps, tunnels (through moun- 
tains), bus depots, a railroad 
system, and a subway system. 

Great attention has been 
paid to detail and realism in 
SimCity 2000. The graphics 
are rich in detail, and if you 
have a sound board, you'll en- 
joy digitized sound effects. An- 
other detail that makes the 
game lush is that nearly eve- 
ry decision you make has 
short- and long-term ramifica- 
tions. At all times, you must 
consider every aspect of life 
in your city, paying careful at- 
tention to financial concerns 
while attempting to provide 
the citizens with all of the nec- 
essary services and continu- 
ing steady growth. 

Included with the package 
is a series of scenarios which 
provide you with specific 
goals to achieve. During a nor- 
mal simulation, however, 
there are no predetermined 
goals, which means you must 
continue to expand, experi- 
ment, and help your city 
evolve. As time passes, new in- 
ventions are created, offering 
you additional tools for manag- 
ing your city. Based on your 
success, various rewards are 
made available each time a 
city reaches a certain popula- 
tion level. When a population 
exceeds 120,000 (after the 
year 2000), you can build 

Archologies, which are self- 
contained cities within cities. 
Archologies allow a city's pop- 
ulation to expand into the mil- 
lions over time. 

The superior graphics and 
digitized sound effects are 
blended with an easy-to-learn 
user interface made up of 
icons, pull-down menus, and 
pop-up windows. From the be- 
ginning, everything you do on 
the City screen involves the 
use of commands and fea- 
tures available from the 
toolbar (made up of graphic- 
based command icons) and 
pull-down menus (found at the 
top of the City screen). Using 
the mouse, you can quickly ac- 
tivate any of the icon-based 
commands from the toolbar or 
click and hold down the 
mouse button on an icon to re- 
veal submenus, which provide 
additional options. 

The simulation becomes in- 
creasingly more complex as 
you become acquainted with 
the package's many options 
and features. In addition to 
overseeing the design of cit- 
ies, you must also manage 
and maintain them. This in- 
volves using the Budget win- 
dow and City Ordinances win- 
dow (along with their various 
subscreens) to collect taxes 
and manage the cities' financ- 
es. Thus, you have to develop 
short- and long-term strate- 
gies as well as constantly 
look at the overall picture be- 
fore you make specific 

To add a touch of chal- 
lenge and excitement, you 
can set various disasters to oc- 
cur randomly or at your com- 
mand. Disasters include eve- 
rything from nuclear melt- 
downs to alien invasions and 
will truly test your city's design, 
since the police and fire depart- 
ments, medical facilities, and 

military will be put into action. 
SimCity 2000 offers three 
overall levels of difficulty. At 
the easiest level, you're provid- 
ed with $20,000, and you can 
choose in what year to begin: 
1900, 1950, 2000, or 2050. 
The later the year, the more 
technologically advanced the 
city will be. The harder levels 
give you less money at the 
start of the game, and there's 
a greater chance that natural 
disasters will occur. 

IBM PC or 
compatible (80386 
compatible), 4WB 
RAM, 256-color 
extended VGA 
(with 640 x 480 
resolution), hard 
drive with 3.5MB 
free, mouse; 

A great aspect of SimCity — 
both the original and 2000— 
is that you can save your cit- 
ies and trade them with other 
SimCity players. All of the pop- 
ular online services offer Max- 
is support areas where cities 
are available for download- 
ing. This increases the play- 
ability and enjoyment of the 
simulation even further. 

SimCity 2000 offers a truly 
exceptional and unique enter- 
tainment experience. It 
seemed to be a long time in 
coming, but it's definitely 
worth the wait. You have nev- 
er enjoyed playing God more 
than you will with this outstand- 
ing simulation. □ 

Circle Reader Service Number 393 

supports major 
sound boards— 


2 Theatre Sq. 
Orinda, CA 
(800) 33-MAXIS 




Denny Atkin 

Take oil In 

TFX, or colonize 

space in 

Outpost CO. 


When you and your friends 
played cops and robbers as 
kids, did you always want to 
be a robber? If so, you've got 
the right mind-set for Lu- 
casArts' new space combat 
simulator, TIE Fighter. In this se- 
quel to the successful X- 
Wing, you're flying with the Im- 
perial Navy (the bad guys), 
out to quash the Rebel Alli- 
ance's quest for freedom. 

The basic structure of the 
game is similar to that of X- 
Wing: You fly a series of mis- 
sions that are part of a larger 
campaign. But TIE Fighter is 
more than just X-Wing with 
you flying for the other side. De- 
signers Lawrence Holland 
and Edward Kilham have 
made the simulator look very 

realistic through the use of 
great-looking Gouraud-shad- 
ed spacecraft. My biggest com- 
plaint with X-Wing, the lineari- 
ty of the battles (I often felt like 
I was playing Lemmings in 
space), has been addressed, 
and you can now review brief- 
ings from your ship's cockpit. 
There are six ships to fly in 
this one: the TIE fighter, TIE 
bomber, TIE interceptor, As- 
sault Gunboat, TIE Advanced 
starfighter, and a mysterious se- 
cret TIE craft. The early ver- 
sion I previewed for this col- 
umn had only the regular TIE 

fighter, but a few missions in 
that showed me that this is a 
very different game from its 
predecessor. The TIE is quite 
maneuverable, but with no 
shields, new strategies are def- 
initely called for. 

Stellar Outpost. If your in- 
terstellar interests are more 
grounded in the realistic than 
the fanciful, you'll want to be 
sure to check out Sierra's Out- 
post CD. This Windows game 
puts you in command of a col- 
onization ship that holds the 
last remnants of humanity, 
searching for a new world af- 
ter the earth has been de- 
stroyed. The game was creat- 
ed by Bruce Balfour, a former 
NASA employee, and is 
based upon NASA research in- 
to future space projects and 
on planetary science and the- 
ories of interstellar spacecraft 
design. No warp engines or hy- 
perspace here — you've got to 
deal with reality. 

The animated sequences 
that introduce the scenario 
and that segue between por- 
tions of the game are among 
the most impressive I've ever 
seen on a personal computer. 
The SVGA animations will like- 
ly inspire the same sort of awe 
that 2001: A Space Odyssey 
brought to audiences dec- 
ades ago. 

You start the game by de- 
ciding which planet you're go- 
ing to attempt to colonize and 
by outfitting your expedition ac- 
cordingly. After choosing a 
spot to land on, you must es- 
tablish a self-supporting colo- 
ny and use research and man- 
ufacturing to expand it. The 
actual gameplay is reminis- 
cent of that in SimCity 2000 
and Wesson's Moonbase, but 
building a self-sufficient city 
on a hostile alien planet re- 
quires unique strategies. For 
instance, you'll very likely 
build most of your colony un- 
derground, so you end up 
keeping track of a multilevel 
outpost. Space exploration ad- 

vocates and environmental sim- 
ulation fans will likely lose them- 
selves for hours in this challeng- 
ing, fascinating simulation. 

Walk on the Ocean. As I 
was wrapping up this column, 
I received two European releas- 
es from Ocean that you'll want 
to be sure to check out; the do- 
mestic versions will be availa- 
ble by the time you read this. 
As a flight simulator fanatic, 
I've found it difficult to pull my 
head out of the cockpit of TFX: 
Tactical Fighter Experiment 
long enough to finish this col- 
umn. You'll fly the F-117A 
Stealth Fighter, the F-22, and 
the Eurofighter 2000 on mis- 
sions in Bosnia, Somalia, Lib- 
ya, and Columbia as part of a 
UN tactical force. The graph- 
ics in this simulation are out- 
standing, both in performance 
and detail. The smooth move- 
ments as you change your 
view give the game a "you are 
there" feel — if you look to the 
side, the view pans, rather 
than jumping. I've never seen 
clouds so realistic in a comput- 
er game, and the planes look 
fantastic. The simulation is no 
slouch, with good flight mod- 
eling and intelligent enemy tac- 
tics. Falling between the ultra- 
realism of Falcon 3 and the 
arcade action of Strike Com- 
mander, this game should ap- 
peal to most PC pilots. 

Also new from Ocean is Ju- 
rassic Park. Following the 
film's story line, you must 
round up the kids, escape the 
nasty dinos, and get off the is- 
land alive. Unlike the spectac- 
ular TFX, Jurassic Park is a 
mixed bag. The game is worth 
playing just for the fantastic 
Doom-like texture-mapped cor- 
ridor scenes where you must 
evade the 3-D-rendered T. 
rex, velociraptors, and dilopho- 
saurs, but the tedious over- 
head-view treks around the 
compound that are inter- 
spersed with the breathtaking 
3-D segments feel like a dull 
8-bit Nintendo game. □ 





AMTEX, the maker of 
the award-winning and 
critically acclaimed 
Tristan™, is proud to 
announce the release 
of Eight Ball Deluxe, 
the world's most popu- 
lar traditional pinball 
game. It's the first of 
many pinball favorites 
to be released in the 
"AMTEX Pinball Classics" 

Eight Ball Deluxe is all 

the fun and excitement of the original game, captured in an 
awesome simulation. Amazing high resolution graphics, 
authentic speech, digital sound effects, plus all the 
mechanics of real pinball! 

After chalking up, you'll bank shots, rack up bonus points, 
then shoot for the exciting and elusive Deluxe. All with 
three, fast moving flippers that allow for ball trapping and 

W \ •:• Ww«V strategic shot making - 

a must for pinball 



Imagine all this explo- 

I sive action, without 

waiting for a 

machine or the 
need for a 
pocket full of 
quarters. And 
you can play 
with up to four 
players. So relive 
the exciting thrills of 
the arcade today with friends. Over and over again! 

Watch for more of the classic games you grew up with... 
"you big sausage!" 

For product information, send your name and address to: AMTEX 
Software Corporation, P.O. Box 572, Belleville, Ontario K8N 5B2 or call 
1-613-967-7900 Fax: 1-613-967-7902. 
Suggested retail price $59.95 


._,-erry o! their respective companies. Copyright © 1992 AMTEX Software Corporation. © 1981 EIGHT BALL DELUXE™ is a trc 
(makers of BALLY® pinball games). Used under license. Midway Manufacturing Company is a subsidiary of WMS INDUSTRIES, INC. All rights reserved. 

Circle Reader Service Number 157 

of Midway Manufacturing Company 

New programs targeted at 

kids make writing fun 

while helping them develop 

creative skills. 

WiA%e Of*, 


friting can strike fear in the hearts of children and parents 
alike. A blank paper or computer screen can be intimidat- 
ing. It doesn't have to be that way, though. With two new 
Windows-based programs — Creative Writer from Microsoft and 
Student Writing Center from The Learning Company— writing 
can be more manageable, more creative, and more fun. 

These programs work their wonders by meeting specific 
needs of children, such as friendly interfaces, a focus on 
the kinds of writing children engage in, and an emphasis 
on the process of writing, not just the end product. 


No matter how many features a program has, if they're too 
hard to use, they're not worthwhile. To make its software as 
usable as possible, Microsoft has created a fairly uncon- 
ventional interface full of friendly characters, zany art, and 
fun sounds, all designed to foster creativity and make 
exploring and skill building more interesting. (Microsoft 
also sells Fine Artist, a paint program for kids which sports 
a similar interface.) 

McZee, the creative spark of Imaginopolis, introduces 
kids to his friends Max and Maggie, as well as the Looney 
Library, the crazy building in Creative Writer that serves as 

By Mike Hudnall 

a metaphor for the creative process. 

On the Projects floor, children 
choose a project to create — a banner, 
a greeting card, or a newsletter. These 
are kinds of creative activities that kids 
in Microsoft's target audience (8 to 14 
years old) love to work on. 

In the Idea Workshop, the Splot 
Machine (which looks like a slot 
machine with a fish for a handle) pro- 
vides 8000 randomly generated story 
ideas to help students get started with 
their projects. Or they can go to the 
Picture Window for visual inspiration. 
The sentences they create with the 
Splot Machine and the pictures from 
the Picture Window can be copied to 
a notebook for further reference or 
placed right into their projects. 

The Writing Studio is the heart of 
the program; it's where students cre- 
ate stories, poems, reports, and other 
works, and as such, it's the primary 
writing interface in this program. Then, 
in the Library, children organize, recy- 
cle, or mount their creative works on 
the wall. 

Children access features in the 
Writing Studio by clicking on icons in 
an icon bar, but these are certainly 
different from the icons you might find 
in conventional Windows programs. 
When you click on one of them, it pro- 
duces a row of associated icons 
beneath the icon bar. For example, 
click on the Word Tool icon, and you'll 
see on the row below a series of icons 
that let you control font styles, sizes, 
colors, and characteristics; line justifi- 
cation; insertion; special effects; 
spacing; indents; and so forth. 

Another fun icon is the Sticker 
Picker, which allows you to choose 
from more than 100 pieces of clip art 
that are presented as stickers on a 
roll. There's also a Sound Picker, 
Page Stuff (backgrounds, number of 
columns, margins, page numbering, 
and so forth), Speller and Replacer, 
Undo Egg, Transformers, Page 
Viewers, Print (which looks like a 
toaster), and McZee's Carpet Bag, 
which is rather like a Windows File 
menu. You can use it to start a new 
document, save a document, open a 
file in your portfolio, look at your ideas 
notebook, and so forth. And whenever 
you click on an icon from the bag, 
McZee — who provides Creative 
Writer's online help — tells you what it 
does and offers advice and options. 

Creative Writer is full of surprises 
and interesting effects to keep stu- 
dents working with the program and 
inspire them to progress with their 
projects. For example, there are lots 
of fun sounds associated with clicking 
on objects in the program. Click on 
the exit door, and you get the sounds 

90 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

of a door opening and a dog barking 
(along with a kind of dialog box in 
which Spike the dog lets you choose 
what to do next). Click on Undo Egg, 
and you hear a cracking egg sound. 
Mouse squeaks, elephant trumpets, 
giggles, and typing sounds are just a 
few of the sounds children will delight 
in finding. 

There are also jokes children can 
call up, as well as surprising anima- 
tions. Take the sliding pole to the dark 
basement, and whenever you click, a 
"match" illuminates a funny surprise. 
Click on the magic wand and then 
click on the mouse hole, and surpris- 
ing animations emerge. 

Despite its zany and unconvention- 
al approach, Creative Writer offers a 
surprisingly rich set of features, allow- 

McZee guides you in Creative Writer. 

■ ■:■ ki" ;:^ [i.i ...i^.-. ',!■-■ 


iT-n-m trsiga stttbi 

i . i V .i.j .'M i. j. rM . ' .j i n . i . MM . M i Wr' ' ! - 



CCW ?«fT / OH -Sttl IZ AT ICTJ.J 



[ ■Ui.rE.] 

Student Writing Center makes writing easy. 

ing children to zoom in and out, set 
justification, change page orientation, 
change page views, number pages, 
choose the number of columns to use, 
wrap text around pictures, and so on. 
Creative Writer is about writing, to be 
sure, but it's also about creativity and 
fun, and those are major strengths of 
this program. 

A Different Approach 

The Learning Company's writing soft- 
ware takes a fairly conventional 
Windows interface and adapts it to the 
particular needs of children ages 10 
and up. 

As in so many Windows word 
processors, there's a title bar, a menu 
bar, an icon bar, and a ruler you can 
hide or bring into view. And as in 

other Windows applications, the menu 
choices, icons, and other buttons 
change according to the kind of docu- 
ment you're working on. The adapta- 
tion is apparent in what Student 
Writing Center for Windows excludes 
and includes. 

Excluded are features that kids 
don't really need, such as mail merge, 
envelope printing, tables, and so forth. 
Student Writing Center includes — in 
addition to essentials like cut, paste, 
fonts, open, save, spelling, and print- 
ing — features associated with the doc- 
ument types that the program focuses 
upon. If, for instance, you choose to 
work in your journal, a special menu 
called Journal allows you to set mar- 
gins, insert a date automatically, set a 
page break, and bring up a calendar 
dialog box. To provide security for 
your journal, the icon bar includes an 
icon for a password, and you'll find a 
button to do a search (which you can 
limit by specific dates) as well as a 
button to bring up a calendar. 

In a similar manner, there are spe- 
cial menus for each of the other 
Student Writing Center document 
types — report, letter, newsletter, and 
sign — as well as special choices with- 
in common menus and special icons 
and ruler buttons. Some reports, for 
example, require documentation, so 
there's an icon labeled Biblio for stu- 
dents working on research reports. 
Press the button, and a dialog box 
helps identify the kind of work being 
cited as well as the appropriate for- 
mat. Fill in the information, and the 
program creates a Works Cited sec- 
tion at the end of the paper, formats 
the entry, and places it properly, 
according to the requirements of the 
Modern Language Association. If you 
write a letter or a newsletter, you'll find 
a Layout icon; pressing the button 
brings up a dialog box with choices 
and examples appropriate to the par- 
ticular kind of document you're work- 
ing on. The newsletter Layout dialog 
box lets you choose the number of 
columns to use and whether or not to 
use a masthead, while the Layout dia- 
log box for letters lets you choose 
whether or not to use a letterhead. 

The Tips icon appears throughout, 
but the information it leads to is cus- 
tomized according to the document 
type. If you click on it while working on 
a report, you'll find information about 
kinds of reports and how to write 
them. The information is presented 
using Windows' standard Help dialog 
format with the menus, buttons, and 
text links you've used and come to 
expect in other programs. These run 
several levels deep, and there's quite 
a bit of useful information. You can 

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Circle Reader Service Number 146 

also access these tips through the 
Tools menu, which is also customized 
according to the document type. More 
general help with the program inter- 
face and moving around in docu- 
ments is available through the Help 
menu, which doesn't change from one 
document type to the next. You can 
also find plenty of information in the 
excellent 252-page manual that 
comes with the program, although I 
expect that most kids will opt to use 
the extensive online help. 

Student Writing Center has a 
spelling checker with over 100,000 
words; a thesaurus with over 660,000 
words; and a word counter — handy 
for those assignments with specific 
word limits. Students who need help 
with grammar will find online tips on 
punctuation, capitalization, plurals, 
abbreviations, numbers, and using 
the right word. 

And as with adult writing software, 
Student Writing Center lets you place 
pictures in your document, providing 
a library of more than 120 school- 
related pictures which you can manip- 
ulate a number of ways. You can also 
adjust font characteristics and zoom 
in and out on your text. According to 
The Learning Company, an upcoming 
CD-ROM version of the product will 
provide over 400 scalable clip art pic- 
tures, 30 specially designed letter- 
heads and sign borders, and more. 

Student Writing Center's fairly con- 
ventional Windows interface should 
work well for the 10-and-up crowd 
and ease the migration to more pow- 
erful writing software when the stu- 
dent's needs change, while providing 
plenty of power for most student writ- 
ing for years to come. 

Process Versus Product 

These days, writing is taught as a 
process, not just a product, and this 
emphasis is reflected in Creative 
Writer and Student Writing Center. 

Creative Writer helps children 
choose projects and uses the Idea 
Workshop and Idea Notebook to help 
them come up with plans for their pro- 
jects. The tools in the Writing Studio 
help children create a draft and then 
refine that draft using the spelling, 
copy, cut, paste, and layout tools. 

The process approach to writing in 
Student Writing Center receives atten- 
tion in the tips for each kind of writing. 
For something like writing in a journal, 
the tip for getting started is as simple 
as finding a comfortable place and 
time to write and picking a topic of 
interest to you. 

In the report section of the pro- 
gram, there are more tips related to 
the process of writing because there 

92 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

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Requirements: 2MB RAM (4MB 
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graphics, hard drive with 8MB 
free, 3''2-inch floppy drive, 
Windows 3.1 or higher 


One Microsoft Way 

Redmond, WA 98052-6399 

(800) 426-9400 

(206) 882-8080 

Student Writing Center for Windows 
$79.95 (disk), $89.95 (CD-ROM) 
Requirements: 2MB RAM, VGA or 
better graphics, hard drive with 
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compatibility (for CD-ROM 

The Learning Company 
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Fremont, CA 94555 
(800) 852-2255 

are more subcategories of writing, 
including essays, classroom reports, 
research papers, book reports, and 
essays. In each case, you can find 
tips on getting started and following 
through with the process. Research 
papers, for example, become more 
manageable when broken into the 
steps presented in the tips: prewriting, 

researching and outlining, writing the 
first draft, documenting sources, 
revising, editing, and finishing the 
paper. Then for each of these steps, 
there are substeps and explanations 
of those substeps. 

Student Writing Center aids in the 
process of writing, too, by including 
tools that make it easier to revise, edit, 
and finish a paper. In addition to the 
copy, cut, and paste functions, you'll 
find an undo/redo function, a spelling 
checker, online grammar tips, the 
documentation feature already men- 
tioned, and (for some of the document 
types) layout features. 

Helping Kids 

What can you do to help your children 
develop their writing skills? According 
to Stephen Marcus, technology coor- 
dinator for the National Writing Project 
at the University of California at Santa 
Barbara, parents should stress writing 
as a process, "support their kids' 
efforts, and ask honest questions to 
help clarify what they think their kids 
are trying to put into words." They 
should also "let kids know where the 
'speed bumps' are in the writing — 
where the reader has to slow down in 
an awkward sort of way in order to fol- 
low the thinking." They also need a 
hefty dose of support and encourage- 
ment from people they respect, such 
as their parents and teachers. 

Good writing inevitably involves 
hard work, but with the right direction 
and excellent software like the pro- 
grams covered here, writing can be 
much easier. □ 

1. Try invisible writing with a com- 
puter. When you're first trying to get 
your thoughts into words or you're 
having a bit of a writing block, turn 
the brightness on your monitor down 
so you can't see the text appear as 
you type. Do this for a minute or two 
at a time (this takes a little practice). 
Students report that they're freed 
from the compulsion to fix type — 
and they can do a better job of 
keeping their minds on what they're 
trying to say, They also say they're 
more interested in seeing what they 
have to say, and sometimes what 
they have to say comes more from 
their subconscious. It's "more true." 

2. When you've finished a draft of 
your piece, copy and paste the first 
and last sentences of each para- 
graph into a list. See if there's any 
sort of flow of topics and transitions. 

3. Use the search feature to look 
for all the occurrences of "weak" 

words like said, is, very, and so forth. 
Try to replace them with stronger 
and more descriptive words. 

4. Provide your children with first 
and last lines of stories, editorials, or 
poems. (The lines don't actually have 
to be related, and they can be taken 
from published writing or made up 
on the spot.) Challenge them to write 
the material that connects the two 
segments. Then give them the seg- 
ments in the reverse order, and ask 
them to write something new that 
connects the two sentences. 
Example: "He checked his schedule 
to see what he planned to ruin today. 
. . . They left him wondering whether 
the door would close in time." 

5. Have kids use their word 
processors to create material useful 
to the family: shopping lists, sched- 
ules for family members, instructions 
for baby-sitters, and so forth. 








It's an unfortunate fact of 
life with multimedia PCs: 
You have to do some of the 
trickiest operations when 
you know the least about 
the system. With boards to in- 
stall, programs to set up, 
and device drivers to config- 
ure, setting up a system can 
be a rude introduction to the 
world of CD-ROMs and mul- 
timedia computing. 

That's what's so cool 
about Tandy's 1994 Sensa- 
tion. With the equivalent of a 
premium multimedia up- 
grade kit inside and over 
100 megabytes of preload- 
ed software, the Sensation re- 
quires you only to unpack 
the major units and hook up 
a few cables; then you're 
ready to get to work, or to 

With a 33-MHz 486SX 
CPU, 4MB of RAM, and a 
210MB hard disk, the Sensa- 
tion carries a retail price of 
$1,799 ($1,999 with a 14- 
inch color monitor). Bare sys- 
tems with this level of speci- 
fications have been spotted 
lately at prices near $1 ,000, 
but they lack the Sensa- 
tion's double-speed Panason- 
ic CD-ROM drive, 16-bit Cre- 
ative Labs sound card, and 
fax/data modem card with 
voice-mail capability. 

They also lack the soft- 
ware bonanza that comes 
with the Sensation. There's 
Microsoft Works for word- 
processing, spreadsheet, 
communications, and data- 
base operations; Quicken 
for managing personal fi- 
nances; and Lotus Organiz- 
er, a personal information 
manager. Macromedia Ac- 
tion SE and Lenel Multime- 
dia Works help in creating 
multimedia presentations, 
and a clip art library from Mi- 
crografx provides source ma- 

94 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

terial for graphics projects. 
Two custom Sensation CD- 
ROMs are also included, con- 
taining backup copies of pre- 
loaded software along with 
some smaller CD-based pro- 
grams. The only true multime- 
dia CD-ROM included is the 
1993 version of Microsoft 
Bookshelf; this is a fine refer- 

single task as easy as possi- 
ble. For common projects 
like travel planning, keeping 
a grade book, and creating 
greeting cards and name 
tags, the WinMate programs 
are basic enough to let adult 
beginners and kids become 
productive in a hurry. 
Preinstalled multimedia 

Tandy's 1994 Sensation sports a 16-bit sound card, double-speed 
CD-ROM drive, and voice-mail modem. 

ence title, but the Sensation 
would be a lot more fun with 
one or two exciting entertain- 
ment discs. 

For the sake of beginning 
users, Tandy installs its Win- 
Mate Desktop program. Win- 
dows starts up with this sim- 
plified interface instead of the 
standard Program Manager, 
but the normal Windows 
tools are just a couple of 
clicks away, and it's easy 
enough to reconfigure Win- 
dows for normal operation. 
WinMate also includes a 
suite of several dozen simple 
applications, each making a 

hardware and a huge bun- 
dle of software make it easy 
to get started with the Sensa- 
tion, but the top-quality com- 
ponents inside the case 
make it easy to keep going. 
Despite having no external 
cache for its 486SX CPU, 
the Sensation is quite snap- 
py at CPU-intensive tasks, 
and the Western Digital Cav- 
iar hard disk is also an excel- 
lent performer. For fine DOS 
and Windows graphics per- 
formance, the highly integrat- 
ed motherboard includes a 
Cirrus Logic accelerated vid- 
eo chip for SVGA graphics. 

Hardware upgrades are 
an inevitable part of comput- 
ing, and the Sensation has 
plenty of upgrade potential. 
An empty ZIF (Zero Inser- 
tion Force) socket will ac- 
cept a 486DX, 486DX2, or 
Overdrive processor if more 
computing power is need- 
ed, and there are three emp- 
ty 72-pin SIMM slots for 
RAM expansion. Three ISA- 
bus slots are open for add- 
on cards, and an empty 
drive bay can hold a tape 
backup unit, a second inter- 
nal hard drive, or a 5 1 /4-inch 
floppy drive. 

With the 1994 Sensation, 
Tandy has come up with a 
design for the entire life cy- 
cle of the home computer. A 
complete, preconfigured 
hardware and software pack- 
age makes the early days 
less stressful; premium com- 
ponents provide the power 
to tackle more sophisticated 
jobs; and plenty of upgrade 
options should keep the Sen- 
sation from becoming obso- 
lete before its time. 





Circle Reader Service Number 434 


Since its first release, The 
Norton Desktop for Win- 
dows has sought to make 
Windows what it should be: 
an integrated file and pro- 
gram management shell you 
can thoroughly customize to 
fit your needs. The latest ver- 
sion of NDW does just that, 
and it includes a host of 
new and improved tools 
and accessories that make 
it much more than simply a 
replacement for the Win- 
dows Program Manager. 


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All Character Editors $16 
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AI-Qadim CD $49 

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Cobra Mission $34 

Cyber Space CD $38 

Dark Queen of Krynn $32 

Dark Sun S47 

Darklands Mastr Ed wbk S51 

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Hero's of M & M or CD 345 

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Lord of the Rings CD $45 

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Rome: Pathway to Powr 329 

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World of Xeen CD $42 


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Across the Rhine $48 

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Eye of the Storm Fit Sim $29 
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Falcon Gold CD $55 

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Jet Pack CD $44 

Jutland CD $48 

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Fields of Glory $34 

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Kingdoms of Germany 


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Operation Airstorm CD 


Koshan Conspiracy CD 


Pacific Strike 


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Privateer CD 


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New World Order 


Space Racers CD 


Operation Europe 


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Strike Commander CD 


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Team Yankee 2 CD 


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Tornado CD 


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Wing Commander 3 


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Tegel's Mercenaries 2 


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Warlords 2 



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D-Day: Beginning of End $42 
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Detroit $34 

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Dominus S39 

Empire Deluxe $34 

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3D Darling CD 334 

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Girls ol Mardi Gras CD S32 
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Insatiable CD $32 

Massive Mellons CD $29 
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Porkware V 2 CD 329 

Rimfire Pacific Video CD 332 
Secrets CD $34 

Sexual Obsession CD 334 
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Surfer Girls CD $29 

Treasure Chest CD $24 

Wicked Whispers CD $29 


3D Pinball $12 

Americans in Space CD 341 
Battle Chess CD $45 

Chessmniac 5 BIII&1 CD $34 
Den MillnNews to Me CD325 
Gambit, Kasparov's $39 

Game-Maker Ver 2.0 $49 
Hong Kong Mah Jng Pro $32 
Hoyle's Book Games V3 $29 
ILucky's Casino Advent $38 
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Russian Six Pack $26 

Shanghaii 2 $29 

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Star Wars Chess CD $44 
Video Cube CD $45 

Videogame Solution CD $29 
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New and enhanced fea- 
tures in version 3.0 include 
Day Planner, a PIM with an 
appointment calendar, a to- 
do list, and a phone book. 
There's also a much im- 
proved File Viewer, offering 
WYSIWYG viewing of more 
than 100 text, spreadsheet, 
database, graphic, and com- 
pressed formats. Built-in sup- 
port for ZIP 2 compression al- 
lows you to quickly com- 
press and decompress a 
file, a group of files, or an en- 
tire directory. You can 
choose to view compressed 
files as directories, so you 
can see and selectively de- 
compress individual files with- 
in. This provides an efficient 
way to keep seldom-used 
files and directories online 
for easy access without wast- 

ing a lot of valuable space. 

NDW comes with new Win- 
dows versions of Backup, An- 
tivirus, Disk Doctor, Speed 
Disk, and Unerase — all sup- 
portive of DOS 6, Dou- 
bleSpace, Stacker, and Su- 
perStor. Antivirus protects 
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known viruses, offers im- 
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known viruses, and scans no- 
ticeably faster than before. 
Speed Disk no longer re- 
quires you to exit Windows 
or disable your disk cache 
to optimize your disks. 

To further protect your sys- 
tem, a new Rescue Disk util- 
ity creates and updates a sin- 
gle disk that could save you 
from catastrophe. The disk 
backs up important informa- 
tion such as CMOS data, 

hard disk partition tables, 
and boot records. 

The point of NDW's fea- 
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can easily configure the pro- 
gram to free more desktop 
space and automate mouse 
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enables pop-up menus and 
click-and-drag selection of 
multiple files. Extensive drag- 
and-drop support, configur- 
able menus and toolbars, 
desktop icons, and a control 
menu launch list speed 
your access to utilities, pro- 
grams, and commands. 

If you like to launch and 
load specific, often-used 
files from your desktop, you 

can use NDW's new Smart 
Groups. They link to specif- 
ic directories and automati- 
cally create and delete file 
items based on extensions 
you specify. You could cre- 
ate a Smart Group, for exam- 
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NDW provides file man- 
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PA. residents add 7% sales tax. 


bling you to create directo- 
ries and find, view, rename, 
and delete existing files. File- 
Assist does cause at least 
one minor problem in Word 
6. Once it's enabled, you 
won't be able to use Word's 
list of recently opened files 
under its File menu. Howev- 
er, this feature is included in 
FileAssist dialog boxes. 

Hardware and software 
incompatibilities can be a 
problem with third-party Win- 
dows shells. Happily, 
NDWs version 3.0 seems to 
cause fewer system con- 
flicts and related General Pro- 
tection Faults than previous 
versions. However, if you do 
have problems, the Uninstall 
utility can remove all or part 
of the program and its files 
from your system. (When I 
performed an Uninstall, how- 
ever, some references to 
NDW were left in my Win- 
dows system files.) 

At more than 15MB fully in- 
stalled, NDW is almost as 
large as Windows itself. 
That may seem large for a 
shell, but considering its flex- 


View Cnnfigiire lools Window Help 



The enhanced file manager in The Norton Desktop for Windows 3.0 
allows you to view text and graphics files. 

ibility and powerful utilities 
and tools, NDW is well 
worth your disk space and 
certainly worth a try. 



(800) 441-7234 


$49 (upgrade) 

Circle Reader Service Number 435 


Who exactly are Sam and 
Max? Imagine the good-na- 
tured camaraderie of vin- 
tage Hope and Crosby 
crossed with the nineties de- 
mentia of Ren and Stimpy. 
Stir in plenty of cultural in- 

jokes, sight gags, and nutty 
animation, and you get the 
picture. The characters are 
actually based on Lu- 
casArts' own underground 
comic strip by Steve 
Purcell, whose unique style 
can best be described as 
Max Fleischer meets R. 
Crumb. Sam is a portly, 
good-natured hound dog 
adorned in Dashiell Ham- 
mett-style gumshoe appar- 
el: ill-fitting suit, wide tie, 
and broad-brimmed hat. 
Max is his not-terribly-bright 
little buddy, a "hyperkinetic 
rabbity thing" with a pen- 
chant for wanton destruc- 
tion. Together, they form an 
unlikely crime-fighting team, 
the Freelance Police, enthu- 
siastically solving mysteries, 
pummeling felons, and eat- 
ing almost anything. 

The story, such as it is, 
finds our heroes hot on the 
trail of a runaway carnival 
Bigfoot. Hop a ride in their 
DeSoto squad car for a hilar- 
ious road trip across Ameri- 
ca. Visit historic sites like 
Mount Rushmore, where 






Includes thousands of hints and 
tips and more than 300 game 
snapshots, digitized images, and 
maps. 500+ pages. 

Alone in the Dark 


Conquests of the Longbow 

The Dagger of Amon Ra 

Dark Seed 


Eric the Unready 

Freddy Pharkas 

Gobliins 2 
Heart of China 


Indiana Jones 

King's Quest V 

King's Quest VI 

Leather Goddesses of Phobos 2 

The Legend of Kyrandia 

Leisure Suit Larry V 

Les Manley in: Lost in L.A. 

The Lost Files of Sherlock Holmes 

Lost Secret of the Rainforest 

Martian Memorandum 

Mixed-Up Fairy Tales 

Monkey Island 2 

Police Quest 3 

The Propehcy 

Quest for Glory III 

Rex Nebular 

Ring world 

Rise of the Dragon 

The 7th Guest 

Space Quest IV 

Space Quest V 

Spellcasting 301 

Star Trek 

Ultima Underworld 

Ultima Underworld 1 

Willy Beamish 

To order your copy send $21.95 plus $2.50 for ship- 
ping and handling (U.S., $4 to Canada and $6 oth- 
er) to COMPUTE Books, c/o CCC, 2500 McClellan 
Ave. Pennsauken, NJ 08109. (Residents of NC, NJ, 
and NY please add appropriate tax; Canadian or- 
ders add 7% goods and services Tax.) All orders 
must be paid in U.S. funds drawn on a U.S. bank. 
Orders will be shipped via UPS Ground Service. 
Offer good while supplies last. 


you can bungee-jump from the presi- 
dents' nostrils. Or check out less fa- 
mous hot spots such as World of Fish, 
Mystery Vortex, and World's Largest 
Ball of Twine. Hidden at various loca- 
tions are several amusing minigames, 
including Hiway Surfin', Gator Golf, 

The Cone of Tragedy is just one of the 
wacky places you'll visit with Sam & Max. 

Wak-a-Rat, and Car Bomb. There are 
even some zany creativity projects, 
like Sam & Max Dress-Up Book and 
Max's Wax Paint by Numbers Book, as 
well as a built-in screen saver. The 
dress-up sequence incorporates the 
game's absurd — but undeniably fun — 
copy protection scheme. There's little 
about this game that isn't slightly bent 
and twisted, but therein lies its charm. 
The humor is both intelligent and relent- 
lessly clever, yet never self-absorbed 
or insolent. Parents should be advised 
that despite the cute and fuzzy appear- 
ances, the jokes sometimes have a 
dark edge to them, making the game 
best suited for mature gamers. 

Beyond Purcell's wacky cast of char- 
acters, the game owes most of its dis- 
tinctive flavor to lead artist Peter 
Chan, whose abstract, angular style 
helped make Day of the Tentacle 
such a hit. Digitized speech — limited to 
the introduction on the disk-based ver- 
sion but featured throughout the CD- 
ROM edition— truly brings these wise- 
cracking knuckleheads to life. Also 
worth noting is the excellent implem- 
entation of iMUSE, LucasArts' context- 
sensitive music system, this time fea- 
turing a collection of downright catchy 
jazz riffs. Puzzles are almost all visual- 
ly oriented, ranging in difficulty from 
easy to moderately challenging. As 
with all of LucasArts' graphic adven- 
tures, there are no wrong turns or 
game-ending mistakes, freeing you to 
explore every sidesplitting nook and 
cranny. Interestingly, unlike previous ef- 
forts in the genre, this game offers lit- 
tle player-controlled choice of dialogue 
between characters. Story line interac- 
tion appears limited to decisions re- 
garding game pace and direction. 
Those most likely to enjoy this game 

will find the adventure aspects secon- 
dary to the overall mood of hip and 
sometimes scurrilous humor. 

With the right agent, Sam and Max 
could hit the screen with a series of suc- 
cessful road adventures. Hope and 
Crosby would be proud. 




$59.95 (disk) 

$69.95 (CD-ROM) 

Circle Reader Service Number 436 


"Know thyself." This cryptic inscription 
at the Delphic Oracle wasn't referring 
to our physical bodies, but with Body Il- 
lustrated, it takes on a whole new mean- 
ing. With this program, you can learn 
all about what makes your body tick. A 



|rc.oNTH^ E 

' ' ~- 

\~c: :-■■":"-: 




Body Illustrated helps you understand the 
inner workings of your body 

richly detailed anatomical guide, Body 
Illustrated teaches you about all the 
body's systems and structures. 

This isn't a superficial overview. Spir- 
it of Discovery has realistically por- 
trayed every major system in the body 
in full color, with information on 350 
body parts. You'll learn about every- 
thing from the top of your parietal 
bones to the tip of your phalanges. Stu- 
dents at the college level will find this 
a wonderful study aid, yet it's accessi- 
ble to those at the junior high level as 

The body's parts are portrayed in 
bright colors, enabling you to see the 
shape of each one and how it fits with 
others. When you click on a part, a dig- 
itized voice pronounces its name clear- 
ly, so you'll be able to say things like 
sternocleidomastoid with confidence. 

There are four modes in the pro- 
gram. Tutorial shows you how to navi- 
gate the other modes. Encyclopedia al- 
phabetically lists all the parts; click on 
a word to see a part's most favorable 
view and an explanation of its function. 
Exploration and Lessons are the two 
teaching modes. In them, individual 
parts are highlighted within their respec- 
tive systems, and a text window ex- 



plains the selected part's function and 
location. In Exploration, you can wan- 
der through the body, while Lesson fo- 
cuses on one system at a time. 

There's also a game which tests 
your knowledge. The object is to find a 
named part before the heart/ECG tim- 
er flat-lines. Ten people can play, 
each racing against the clock. Body 
Illustrated earns kudos for letting peo- 
ple at different skill levels play togeth- 
er. At the easiest level, you need only 
double-click on the part named in the 
system pictured. The hardest level re- 
quires you to find the correct system 
and then the part. 

Included with the program are a full- 
color poster picturing all the anatomi- 
cal parts and a manual that includes a 
poster guide, naming each part and 
explaining it in detail. This makes a 
handy review guide for students who 
can't get back to their computers to 

With its realistic drawings, detailed ex- 
planations, digitized pronunciations, 
and fluid interface, Body Illustrated 
makes a superb educational package. 
It encourages exploration and makes it 
fun to learn about the body. 


Spirit of Discovery 

(619) 929-2036 


Circle Reader Service Number 437 


Integrated software packages — called 
works programs or entry-level suites in 
nineties parlance — have grown from 
bare-bones toolkits to all-in-one pack- 
ages that are powerful enough to 
serve the bulk of your everyday 
needs. Microsoft Works for Windows 
3.0 is a good example of such growth. 
It offers many of the best features of 
the latest word processors, spread- 
sheets, and databases, and it includes 
a communications application for eas- 
ier and faster access to bulletin board 
services and other computers. 

Greater integration was one of Micro- 
soft's upgrade goals. Works' menus 
are consistent wherever possible, and 
configurable toolbars throughout let 
you easily arrange buttons. Features 
like Spell Check, Undo/Redo, and 
Zoom are available in the word proces- 
sor, database, and spreadsheet. The 
database and word processor now 
both support Object Linking and Em- 
bedding (OLE) 2.0. 

OLE allows you to access one appli- 
cation from within another and dynam- 
ically tie the object you create in the 
second application to the document in 


Mm ' 




Are you tired of computer'games where you get nothing but a high score 
for playing? Well for $7.00 we'll give you all the information that you'll need 
to enter our computer on-line contest with cash and prizes valued at over 
$1 .3 million dollars. And your odds of winning are no greater than 600 to 1 . 

The game? Compuquest's™ Win A Mansion™ Contest. How do you play? 
First you choose a category, either sports, entertainment, or general 
knowledge. Then using your computer and modem online and our toll-free 
800 number, answer fun and easy multiple-choice questions like: What is 
a "hat trick" in hockey? Who played the female lead in the movie "Splash"? 
What is the capital of California? 

Three elimination rounds based on speed and accuracy of your answers 
result in the Grand Prize Winner's choice of a 1 .3 million dollar Bucks 
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Ninety-eight other winners will be awarded cash prizes totaling $122,500! 

How do you begin? Simply fill out the coupon below and return it to us with 
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mation about the Win A Mansion contest (you're under no obligation to 
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A minimum of 22,000 entries are needed for the game to begin. If COMPUQUEST™ does not receive the minimum num- 
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fee is required to play and will be held in escrow by a major bank until the game begins. The $7.00 Introductory Package 
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the first. These editable ob- 
jects can be graphics, 
spreadsheets, database 
fields, sounds, or other 
types of data from OLE ap- 
plications. Works now sup- 
ports OLE 2.0 and two new 
OLE tools, WordArt and Clip- 
Art Gallery. The program al- 
so uses OLE for drag-and- 
drop editing within and be- 
tween documents. 

Consumer research led Mi- 
crosoft to add a great deal 
of online help to all of its 
products. Works 3.0 not on- 
ly has more help information 
but also has more ways to 
access it. Cue Cards, for ex- 
ample, walk you through the 
many tools and templates, re- 
maining on your screen and 
prompting you with step-by- 
step instructions while you 
perform a task. 

An improved feature set in 
the word processor makes it 
easy to format bulleted lists, 
hanging indents, columns, 
text wraps, and mail-merge 
text. Graphic and object 
placement is easier and 
more accurate with the new 
Page Layout edit view and 
Zoom control. You can also 
place graphics or objects in- 
dependently of text. Howev- 
er, Works' text-handling capa- 
bility is still somewhat limited, 
and wrapping columned text 
around graphics can cause 
alignment problems. 

New features give you in- 
creased control over the ap- 
pearance of spreadsheets 
and database output. Both 
applications allow using multi- 
ple typefaces and sizes, fill 
patterns, borders, and col- 
ors. Alignment and automat- 
ic formatting features aid in 
positioning data and head- 
ings. The spreadsheet also 
includes a Paste function, 
for inserting one of the pro- 
gram's 76 function formulas, 
and new charting features 
such as 3-D rendering. An 
enhanced Query option in 

100 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

the database enables you 
to create multiple queries, 
each based on up to three 
search criteria. 

While Works is generally a 
good program, it has a few 
potential drawbacks. Expand- 
ed Help and Cue Cards, the 
communications module, 
new clip art, and enhanced 

fers good file compatibility 
with major IBM and Macin- 
tosh applications. As an up- 
grade, Works gives you 
many of the features that 
might have tempted you to 
buy expensive stand-alone 
applications. Students, teach- 
ers, small-business people, 
and anyone else who 

In your letter, position 
the insertion point 
where you want to 
insert i field ffom 
the list- 

Inseit the field into 
your lettei. It will then 
appear in bracket*. 

When you print your 
letters, the field contents 
appear in place of the 

WorksWizards help automate tasks that might otherwise daunt 
beginners, such as creating form letters. 

OLE 2.0 support and tools 
have more than doubled 
Works' size to 14MB. Not on- 
ly is the program large, but it 
also eats up a good deal of 
Windows' resources — nearly 
25 percent with one small 
application file open. Accord- 
ing to Microsoft, this is not 
out of line with other applica- 
tions, but ClarisWorks— a 
strong competitor — seems to 
consume a significantly small- 
er percentage — around 10 
percent. Its application pack- 
age is similar, offering a 
graphics module instead of a 
communications module, yet 
it takes up less than 5MB. Cla- 
risWorks doesn't support 
OLE, however, which ac- 
counts in part for its reduced 
demand on resources as 
well as its smaller size. 

Works 3.0 looks and feels 
much like Microsoft's latest 
high-end programs, and it of- 

doesn't need or want the ar- 
ray of options offered in full- 
blown applications will find 
Works' feature set more 
than adequate. The exten- 
sive help makes it a power- 
ful program without a daunt- 
ing learning curve; it's well 
suited to novice and casual 
computer users. 



(800) 426-9400 


Circle Reader Service Number 438 


Preschoolers who enviously 
watch older siblings enjoy 
hours of computer fun now 
have reason to smile. Ted- 
dy's Big Day, from InterAc- 
tive Publishing, lets the young- 
est child — six months old, 
even — control the action. 

The game stars Teddy, 
an adorable teddy bear who 
moves through a fun-filled 
day. From the moment he 
awakens, Teddy waits pa- 
tiently for your child to urge 
him on with a mouse click or 
keypress. Prompted, he will 
brush his teeth, find a birth- 
day cake, dance, fly a heli- 
copter, and complete other 
entertaining activities. 

Animation is smooth and 
colorful, and Teddy is so 
adorable that you and your 
child will laugh and giggle 
at his antics and expres- 
sions. As your child makes 
the connection that keypress- 
es and mouse clicks 
prompt Teddy, together you 
can explore how to control 
variables such as Teddy's 

When older siblings begin 
begging for computer time, 
you can lure your preschool- 
er from the game with the in- 
credibly cuddly hands-on ted- 
dy bear packaged with the 
game. This may not be easy, 
though, as toddlers won't 
soon tire of controlling Ted- 
dy's antics. And if you peek 
around the corner later, 
you're liable to see your 
child helping the stuffed Ted- 
dy dance just like the one in 
Teddy's Big Day. 


InterActive Publishing 

(914) 426-0400 


Circle Reader Service Number 439 


Dying for a game of craps? 
Or maybe the tuxedo-wear- 
ing sophisticate in you 
yearns for a round of bacca- 
rat. If you're a real casino 
games fan, More Vegas 
Games for Windows, from 
New World and the folks at 





Subscribe now to COMPUTE'S New Gazette Disk and get 12 monthly 
disks for only $29.95. That's a savings of $20 (40%) off the regular 
price of $49.95. 

Each month, COMPUTE'S new improved Gazette Disk brings you 
indispensable features that make it a full-service tool for Commodore 
users. On every disk you'll get... 

• Up to nine programs with accompanying documentation 

• Two Public Domain programs with documentation 

« Feature articles on Commodore hardware, software and 
programming which you can either read on disk or print out 

• User group updates 

• On disk advertisements of Commodore products and services 
s Gazette's entertaining and informative columns: 

64/128 View • Beginner Basic • Machine Language • Diversions 
• PD Picks • GEOS • Programmers's Page • Feedback • Reviews 

COMPUTE'S Gazette Disk. ..the most timely and practical monthly 
resource available to Commodore users. 



LJ YES! Please enter my subscription to COMPUTE's New Gazette 
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Allow 6 - 8 weeks for delivery of first disk. Residents of North Carolina and New York, please add appropriate sales tax for your area. 
Canadian orders send S42.75. Foreign orders send S39.95. Payment acceptable in U.S. funds only. HSDDfi 



The Dreamer's Guild, might 
be for you. 

The game presents no- 
frills Windows-based ver- 
sions of poker, baccarat, 
craps, blackjack, and horse 
racing. Multiplayer support al- 
lows four players sitting at 
the same computer to play 
together by passing the 
mouse around. Unfortunate- 
ly, there's no support for net- 
work or modem play. Unlike 
its Vegas namesake, this 
isn't a flashy production. 
The visuals are just ade- 
quate, and sound is sorely 

However, die-hard fans of 
the above games will find 
they can get a quick fix of 
their favorite and will soon for- 
give the utilitarian approach 
as they repeatedly click on 
Deal Again. Additionally, the 
Windows environment may 
make this easier to squeeze 
in at work. (On your lunch 
break, of course.) 


New World Computing 

(818) 889-5650 


Circle Reader Service Number 440 


If you've ever laid out a 
page of text on a PC, you've 
likely lusted in your heart for 
one of those rotatable moni- 
tors that can serve as either 
a portrait or a landscape dis- 
play. Knowing what a whole 
page looks like — not in 
some greeked miniature but 
in full-size, editable type- 
makes layout less of a 
chore and more of a joy. On- 
ly one thing may have stood 
in your way: price. 

For those who have been 
waiting for rotatable displays 
to come within the price 
range of the individual, Por- 
trait Display Labs has the 
monitor for you. Using spe- 

102 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

cial Windows drivers, the Por- 
trait/15 Plus monitor allows 
you to specify a portrait or 
landscape view for Windows. 
The software automatically re- 
configures the windows on- 
screen for each view with a 
single keypress (which you 
can change). This allows you 
to work on a full page of text 

fact, the only test the moni- 
tor didn't perform perfectly 
on was screen regulation; 
the onscreen image chang- 
es size depending on the av- 
erage brightness of the 
screen, a problem which is 
very common among com- 
puter monitors. 
One complaint I have 

The Portrait/15 Plus adds a new twist to monitors, supporting both 
landscape and portrait display modes in full color. 

at a time with a portrait orien- 
tation. The crystal clarity of 
the monitor makes the text 
readable even at very small 
sizes, and it's easily legible 
at full-page zoom in Word for 

The software drivers re- 
quire that you have one of 
the Super VGA cards on a fair- 
ly short list (or a computer 
with appropriate video on the 
motherboard). Among the vid- 
eo cards supported are ATI, 
Boca, Cirrus, Diamond, Na- 
tional Design, Number Nine, 
Orchid, Radius, S3 Sigma De- 
signs, STB, and Video 7. Con- 
tact Portrait Display Labs to 
find out if your specific card 
is supported. 

The monitor itself offers a 
very sharp, clear screen. I 
ran the DisplayMate Video 
Display Utilities on the moni- 
tor to gauge its perform- 
ance. There appeared to be 
no distortion at the edges or 
the corners, and there was 
no perceptible bloom or bar- 
rel distortion. The colors 
were sharp and clear. In 

about the monitor is that I 
had to constantly adjust the 
screen when I went back 
and forth between DOS and 
Windows. This is common 
enough on standard moni- 
tors — the graphics screen 
doesn't always occupy the 
same position as the text 
screen — but it seemed a par- 
ticular problem on the Por- 
trait/15 Plus monitor. 


Portrait Display Labs 
(510) 249-0444 

Circle Reader Service Number 441 


Corel's CD Power Pak is the 
Swiss Army Knife of CD- 
ROM utility packages. 
Among the tools included 
with Power Pak are CD- 
ROM-caching software, im- 
age management and manip- 
ulation utilities, a collection 
of Photo CD images and 
sound files, and a system- 
sleuth utility to tell you every- 

thing you never wanted to 
know about your PC. 
There's even a set of Koss 
earphones to use when listen- 
ing to audio CDs. 

Photo CD Lab lets you 
load and manipulate Kodak 
Photo CD images. A hun- 
dred images are included 
here, culled from Corel's 
sold-separately collection of 
royalty-free Photo CDs. Lab 
displays the images individ- 
ually or as part of a slide 
show, and it lets you resize, 
mirror, and rotate images. 
You can convert Photo CD 
pictures to BMP, EPS, PCX, 
or TIF format for use in oth- 
er applications, but the soft- 
ware fails to provide impor- 
tant data on the destination 
files (like how much space 
they will require). Still, for Pho- 
to CD newcomers, Lab's 
moderate power is easy to 

System Browser, on the 
other hand, may overwhelm 
beginners. It uncovers an 
abundance of mostly techni- 
cal information about your 
system, ranging from DOS 
device-driver addresses to 
BIOS strings. That's Greek 
to most users and useless in- 
formation to even more. 
Plus, it all has little to do 
with CD-ROMs; although it 
might help find IRQ conflicts 
when installing a CD-ROM 
drive, you must have the 
drive installed before you 
can install the program. Nev- 
ertheless, power users and 
programmers should find 
System Browser a great trou- 
bleshooting tool. 

Mosaic is a graphics-file 
manager that displays and 
prints thumbnail views of im- 
age collections, such as Pho- 
to CDs. A useful tool, Mosa- 
ic is especially important 
here because there's no 
guide to Power Pak's 100 
Photo CD images. 

The rest of the package 
is a mixed bag. Of the two 

a ' 

An AMTEX Pinb 




AMTEX proudly 
announces their latest 
release in the Pinball 
Classic series! With the 
same award-winning tech- 
nology that brought you 
Tristan'" and Eight Ball 
Deluxe"", AMTEX contin- 
ues to reintroduce some 
of the greatest pinball 
games in history! Also 
look for FunHouse'" and 
the pinball construction 
kit, soon to be released. 
For PC and Mac systems. 



This is what pinball was in the days of the classics. A flipper, a 
ball, and a few elusive targets. But don't be fooled by simplicity. 
This isn't a "luck of the draw" card game. When you have to 
shoot for the high hand, skill and strategy are the rule. Hit the 
cards out of order, and you're back where you started. It's a 
challenge that made Royal Flush one of Gottlieb's most popular 
drop target games. Now AMTEX takes you back to the old 
pinball arcade with the authentic sights, sounds and flipper 
sensation of the original. Learn to maneuver the ball through 
the open playing field for the ultimate score - 
"The White Joker". Odds are, you can bet on 
Royal Flush to keep you challenged. But 
don't gamble when it comes to 
computer pinball. Choose the 
proven winner. AMTEX. 


PinbaHBy premier' 

Distributed By 


ror product information, sent 
your name and address to: 
AMTEX Software Corporation, 
P.O. Box 572, Belleville, Ontario, 
Canada K8N 5B2 or call 
1 613 967-7900 
Fax: 1 613 967-7902 




Coming soon at a suggested retail price of $49.95 
Circle Reader Service Number 162 

All trademarks are the property > 
respective companies. 

You can't get any closer than this ! 


CD-ROMs included with Pow- 
er Pak, one contains a full 
600 megabytes of Windows 
WAV files — mostly sound ef- 
fects and music clips. An in- 
cluded third-party WAV edi- 
tor, Voyetra's WinDAT, lets 
you modify the files. Another 
utility, CD Audio, plays au- 
dio CDs with all the function- 
ality of a true CD player. 
You can store databases of 
the tracks on your audio 
CDs and specify a preferred 
order for playing those 
tracks. To take full advan- 
tage of both of these tools, 
you'll need a sound card 
that supports direct CD au- 
dio. Check with the manufac- 
turer of your sound card to 
see if it supports direct-from- 
CD play (you may need a 
special cable). 

Finally, the CD-ROM-cach- 
ing software, which is diffi- 
cult to configure properly, 
performs well, but not as 
well as the new DOS 6.2 ver- 
sion of SMARTDrive. Includ- 
ed with the CD-ROM-cach- 
ing software is a version of 

Documentation is sparse, 
confusing in areas, and 
seemingly tailored to owners 
of SCSI CD-ROM drives. 
Still, every item in CD Power 
Pak is useful — just not for 
everyone. This is a package 
best suited to photogra- 
phers interested in Photo 
CD and power users with 
SCSI CD-ROM drives. 



(800) 772-6735 


Circle Reader Service Number 442 


Games based on popular 
novels have only recently 
come into their own. Early at- 
tempts managed to offend 
the novel's loyalists by tak- 

104 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

Be j flew, .Bwiiaulfc tfdf 




j\v\,"t A \^-*} 

GDI Heap Usage 

fiU M>» Bmt jfitfc "fan. 




Modules With More Than 1% of the Global Heap 



The System Browser included with CD Power Pak isn't really CD- 
ROM related, but it may help locate conflicts. 


File Edit Transforms Options Windows Help 





. ■ .... 


The WinDAT sound editor allows you to edit or add special effects 
to the 600MB of WAV sound files included with CD Power Pak. 

ing too much artistic li- 
cense, while also putting off 
gamers by being too bound 
up with the original book's 
story line and not having 
enough innovative game- 
play. Eventually, Interplay's 
Lord of the Rings RPG 
came along, satisfying Tolk- 
ien fans and role-playing 
gamers alike. Then Dy- 
namix's first attempt at a 
role-playing game, Betrayal 
at Krondor, used Raymond 
E. Feist's Riftwar novels and 
was a runaway success. 

Now the folks at Legend En- 
tertainment, who brought 
you Spellcasting 101 and 
Eric the Unready, try their 
hands at adapting one of 
Piers Anthony's Xanth 
books with Companions of 

Anthony's Xanth novels 
are not as heavy as those of 
some of his fantasy-author 
counterparts; in fact, much 
of his writing is filled with 
puns and gleeful wordplay. 
You'll be able to judge the 
success of Legend's conver- 

sion for yourself, as Compan- 
ions of Xanth comes with 
the Anthony novel Demons 
Don't Dream. With Compan- 
ions of Xanth, Legend has 
unveiled a new engine for 
its graphic adventures, mak- 
ing this game slightly less 
complex and more playable 
than the company's older 

The story revolves around 
your entry into the world of 
Xanth through a magical 
computer game. Two contest- 
ants are brought to Xanth in 
search of a prize, and to 
help, you need to choose a 
companion. As in the novel, 
your alter ego must choose 
Nada Naga, the serpent 
woman — the only compan- 
ion who can guide you safe- 
ly through the perils of Xan- 
th. Having a companion 
with you almost gives you 
the sense of an online hint 
capability; talking to Nada 
will give you hints and tips, 
though some of those hints 
are frustratingly vague. The 
story, however, unfolds with 
a spritely grace — even if 
your puzzle-solving efforts 
are unwieldy. The graphics 
have been spruced up and 
now appear more Sierra-like 
than the older, small SVGA 
images used in earlier Leg- 
end games. There's more an- 
imation, more color, and 
more playfulness all around. 
The verb list on the left side 
of the display remains from 
the old Legend interface; 
click on a verb and an ob- 
ject on the screen, and your 
action will be translated into 
reality. The interface is also 
smart in that it will relate two 
objects in an appropriate 
way. Click on the pat of but- 
ter, then click on a contain- 
er, and Companions of Xan- 
th will put the butter in the 

Just because the inter- 
face is easier to use, don't 
think the game is easy. True 



With COMPUTE'S SharePak 

Ani MAGIC v1 .2a 

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Save time and money by 

sampling the best shareware 
today. Each high-density 
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For even more savings, 

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3 Nov 91 — Popcorn, Cunning Football, CopyTree, Amortz, 
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All orders must be paid in U. S. funds by check drawn on a U.S. bank or by 
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phone orders cannot be accepted. 5/94 


to Legend's heritage, some 
of the puzzles — like the pail 
puzzle in the beginning — 
are very difficult. I had to log 
on to CompuServe twice 
just to get the answer to this 
one. Paying attention to the 
puns that abound through- 
out the game will usually net 
you a quick, if not necessar- 
ily obvious, solution. 

Legend ranks with In- 
focom as one of the few com- 
panies to master making fun- 
ny games really funny. Com- 
panions of Xanth is a happy 
excursion into Piers Antho- 
ny's world of Xanth that will 
delight gamers with its light- 
hearted tone and its serious 
adventure value. 


Legend Entertainment 

(703) 222-8500 


Circle Reader Service Number 443 


The Ricoh FAX800 is the 
world's first combination of 
ink-jet fax machine and print- 
er. It can operate as a stan- 
dard fax machine, and it 
can emulate a Canon BJ- 
10e ink-jet printer. 

Ink-jet printers print text 
beautifully, but they have a 
problem with banding in 
graphics, particularly when 
an ink cartridge has be- 
come old (some of the jets 
may cease functioning be- 
cause of blockages). Heavy 
black and dark gray areas 
become saturated with the 
liquid ink, causing them to 
become wrinkled or convex. 

The ink-jet printer in the 
FAX800 is an excellent, 
fast, and practically silent 
partner on your desktop. 
You simply install your soft- 
ware to use a Canon BJ-10e 
and change the setup in the 
fax machine to make it emu- 
late that printer, and you're 
in business. 

106 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

Companions of Xanth brings an improved, more intuitive interface 
to Legend's series of fantasy adventure games. 

The Ricoh FAX800 packs the functionality of a plain-paper fax 
machine and an ink-jet printer into a single package. 

The fax machine prints 
out a decent fax with 200- x 
200-dpi resolution. The ad- 
vantage of a plain-paper, 
ink-jet fax machine is that 
you can use any kind of pa- 
per — even expensive linen 
paper — so your faxes can 
be of as high a quality as 
you can afford. You don't 
have to worry about buying 
the special flimsy roll paper 
that most fax machines use. 
You can use this machine 
for a convenience copier as 
well. Just slip in a sheet of 
paper as if you were going 
to fax it, and press the copy 
button. The copy comes out 

looking like a fax because 
the scanner is of fax quality. 
Once again, a compromise 
on quality limits the ma- 
chine's value. It does a slight- 
ly better job of copying gray- 
scale images than a fax ma- 
chine does, but put the ac- 
cent on slightly. 

Two things that would 
seem logical to include with 
the system are absent: You 
can't send a fax with your 
computer, and you can't 
scan material with the scan- 
ner built into the fax ma- 
chine and import the image 
into your computer. This 
was disappointing, since 

the parallel printer connec- 
tor should be able to import 
the image easily. 

It's a shame that these 
were left out, because a 
built-in scanner would have 
better justified the $1,845 
suggested retail price. 
When I mentioned to a col- 
league all that the FAX800 
could do, he was im- 
pressed. But when I told 
him the price, he said, "I 
could buy a PC, a fax/data 
modem, and an ink-jet print- 
er for that." And he was 
right. The selling point that Ri- 
coh has chosen to empha- 
size is that the FAX800 
takes up less space than a 
fax machine and a printer, 
but this alone doesn't justify 
the price. The copier is a 
nice thing to have around (it 
beats driving to Kinko's eve- 
ry time you need a copy), 
but you can buy a copier for 
less than $500 now. 

This is a solid machine 
that does all it claims to do, 
but its price needs to be 
brought down to a point 
that is under the cost of an 
inexpensive laser printer. If 
bought separately, the com- 
ponents of the machine 
should cost more than the 
machine itself; otherwise, it 
doesn't make any sense to 
buy the combo unit. Al- 
though at the time of this writ- 
ing, Ricoh hasn't reduced 
the suggested retail price, 
discount office-equipment 
supply houses have adver- 
tised the product as low as 
$649, according to Ricoh's 
publicist. For an expanded 
report on the Ricoh FAX800, 
see the April "Personal Pro- 
ductivity" column in COM- 
PUTE'S support area on the 
America Online network. 



(201) 882-2000 

$1 ,845 

Circle Reader Service Number 444 



"The graphics are superb, with 
lighting effects and art that could 
only come from dark and 
demented minds." 
Computer Gaming World 

"You want action? You want 
gunplay? You want gore? 
...DOOM has it all." " 
PC Entertainment 

"...if you have saliva, prepare to 
drool now."". absolute must- 
have for PC action fans." 
Electronic Games 

DOOM is a lightning-fast virtual reality adventure where 
you're the toughest space trooper ever to suck vacuum. 
Scientists stationed on a far-off moonbase have opened 
a gateway to Hell, releasing a monster-infested holocaust 
upon the universe. You're the last marine remaining on 
the base after the invasion. Your mission is to survive! 

Four-player combat over network 

Two-player action over modem 

Incredibly detailed 3-D world 
- Blood-curdling stereo sound effects 

Hair raising demonic denizens of Hell 
• Awesome foe-fraggin' weapons 

Call 1-800-IDG 



Order the entire DOOM trilogy for $40.00 
or get episode one, Knee-Deep in the 
Dead™ for the cost of shipping and 
handling. Or download episode one 
from Software Creations™ BBS. 
(508) 368-4137 @ 2400-14.4K baud 
Canadian customers call 1-800-661-7383. 

Requires a 386DX PC compatible or better; hard disk drive; VGA graphics; 4 Megabytes of memory. A 486 is 

recommended. Multiplayer options require a network which uses the IPX protocol, a modem, or serial link. Digitized 

sound effects require a 100% Sound Blaster™ compatible card, Gravis Ultra Sound™, or Pro Audio Spectrum™- 1 6. 

DOOM is a trademark of id Software, ©1993. Other trademarks are the property of their respective companies. 

Circle Reader Service Number 104 



Some games just beg to be 
liked, regardless of any inher- 
ent flaws. CyberRace is one 
such product, a stunning 3- 
D racing simulation deter- 
mined to win your gaming af- 
fections despite several puz- 
zling imperfections. Pub- 
lished by Cyberdreams, this 
is the company's second ti- 
tle to employ a famous artist 
for its design foundation. 
The first, Dark Seed, cap- 
tured the surrealistic imagina- 
tion of painter H. R. Giger; 
CyberRace draws upon the 
futuristic visions of Syd 
Mead, set designer for such 
films as Blade Runner, 
Iron, and 2010. 

The story is set in a far- 
off future, where interplane- 
tary war has been replaced 
with the less destructive — 
but no less hostile— compe- 
tition known as CyberRace. 
Contestants pilot sleek, heav- 
ily armed hovercraft-style ve- 
hicles at high speeds over 
forbidding desert and moun- 
tain terrain. To win, you 
must stay on course, main- 
tain speed, avoid attacks by 
alien opponents, and dish 
out punishment of your own. 
You play the part of Clay 
Shaw, forced to compete for 
your unscrupulous govern- 
ment, which holds your girl- 
friend hostage. Each race 
nets various credits which 
can be used to upgrade 
your vehicle or buy black- 
market services. Bonus cred- 
its are earned for complet- 
ing certain prerace goals, 
such as eliminating speci- 
fied drivers during the race. 
The branching story line 
changes according to how 
well you do. 

The first-person race 
graphics are spectacular, 
featuring incredibly realistic 
landscapes that are ren- 
dered with Voxel technolo- 
gy — the same graphic style 

108 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

used in NovaLogic's Coman- 
che: Maximum Overkill. At 
the lowest detail level, the 
game screams with such 
speed that, on a fast 486 sys- 
tem, it's almost unplayable. 
Curiously, when detail levels 
are set to medium or high, 
the same system slows to a 
crawl. There appears to be 

drivers, let alone memory- 
resident sound card drivers. 
How ironic that a game that 
feigns cutting-edge design 
should be so technically 

Is it possible to like a 
game but not really enjoy it? 
CyberRace proves that it is. 
It's handsome, technological- 

CyberRace lets you race around dazzling Voxel-rendered 
landscapes that look great but can be confusing. 

no workable middle ground. 
The actual race is an exer- 
cise in mass confusion. The 
track — outlined by tiny holo- 
graphic lights — snakes wild- 
ly about the terrain. With doz- 
ens of other opponents, air 
mines, missiles, and con- 
stant explosions, staying on 
track is a major chore. Persis- 
tent gamers will eventually 
get the hang of it, although 
the rewards rarely seem 
worth the effort. 

The CD-ROM version 
adds speech to the game, 
but it does little to enliven 
the terribly stiff character in- 
teraction between races. 
CD-ROM users will also find 
the game technically un- 
friendly, running only from a 
bare boot disk, sans memo- 
ry managers, with at least 
550K of free base memory. 
This leaves almost no room 
to load necessary CD-ROM 

ly advanced, and intriguing, 
but it ultimately fails to real- 
ize its true potential. 



(818) 223-9990 


Circle Reader Service Number 445 


As much of the market be- 
gins to shift to Windows for 
database management, 
Borland continues to sup- 
port those who prefer to do 
database management un- 
der DOS. The company 
didn't abandon its DOS re- 
lease when it released Para- 
dox for Windows, and DOS 
users who've been using pre- 
vious versions will find Para- 
dox 4.5 worth the upgrade 
fee. Any DOS user who 
needs a relational database 

will find it worth looking into. 

Paradox makes creating 
and modifying databases 
simple. It lets you view your 
data as tables, forms, and 
even graphs. Improved 
mouse support in this re- 
lease makes it easier than ev- 
er to change table column 
widths, place and resize 
fields in reports and forms, 
and move around in the da- 
tabase using scroll bars. 

Paradox 4.5 has two user 
interface modes, full-screen 
and standard. In the latter, 
you can display your data in 
80 x 43 or 50 lines (EGA or 
VGA resolution, respectively), 
and with ten popular video 
cards, you can use an infor- 
mation-packed 132 x 43 dis- 
play mode. This makes work- 
ing with large records faster 
and simpler. 

Getting information into 
and out of Paradox is effort- 
less, and there are plenty of 
options for ensuring data in- 
tegrity. Paradox can import 
and export Quattro, Quattro 
Pro, 1-2-3. Symphony, 
dBASE, PFS:File, Reflex, Visi- 
Calc, and delimited ASCII 

Paradox uses query-by- 
example to provide informa- 
tion. Just check the columns 
you want to appear in an an- 
swer table and enter an ex- 
ample of the data you'd like 
to see (such as MS in the 
State column). 

Paradox lets you record 
keystroke macros as editable 
scripts for subsequent play- 
back. You can chain several 
together; add them to the Util- 
ities, Report, or Forms menu; 
or include them in database 

Application Workshop 
lets nonprogrammers create 
database applications. You 
create menus and then tell 
Application Workshop what 
each menu item should do 
(play a script, display a ta- 
ble, and so on). Application 










Subscribe to COMPUTE'S PC Disk, and every other 

month — six times 

a year — you'll receive a disk chock-full 

of great DOS and 

Windows shareware and freeware programs, 

including powerful 

applications, sleek utilities, and 

eye-popping graphics. 

Fast Paste lets you cut and paste text in 
windowed DOS applications. 

arriTiii aa| 



Directory Copy makes moving files from 
your hard disk to floppy disks a snap. 

Foot Print keeps an audit trail of changed, 
added, or deleted files. 

Sleep puts your hard drive on standby 
when it's not being accessed. 

For Single Disks 

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All orders must be paid in U.S. funds by check drawn on a U.S. bank or by money order. 
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Penthouse magazine has teamed up with U.S. Robotics 
to offer a top-grade 9600-bps data/fax modem for only 
$99.00 + $6.00 shipping and handling for the internal board 
or external model. These high-speed V.32-compatible 
modems feature V.42/MNP 2-4 error control, V.42bis/MNP 5 
data compression, and throughput of up to 38.4. The 
external model (shown) has a custom, limited-edition black 
case with the famous Penthouse Key symbol. 

Features include autodial and -answer, frequently called 
number storage, nonvolatile RAM (stores all modem 
settings), speaker with volume control, onscreen call 
progress reporting, five-year parts and service warranty, an 
extensive owner's manual, and a quick-reference card. 

Plus, you will also receive the BLAST® FAX PC™ fax 
software, which lets you send or receive faxes from your 
computer and is compatible with all G3 machines. 






YES! Please enter my order for the following: 

9600-bps Data/Fax Modem ($99.00 each) 

Sales Tax (Residents of NY and NC, please add appropriate sales tax for your area.) 

Shipping and Handling ($6.00 per modem) 

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(No PO Boxes) 


Please indicate model desired: 

. Internal 

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Payment Method: Check or Money Order VISA MasterCard 

Credit Card No.: Exp. Date: / 

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Send your order to Modem Offer, 324 West Wendover Ave., Ste. 200, Greensboro, 
NC 27408. Or fax your order to 910-275-9837. 

All orders must be paid in U.S. lunds drawn on a U.S. bank or by a money order No Canadian 
or foreign orders accepted. Please allow 4-6 weeks for delivery Modems delivered via United Par- 
cel Service (UPS). (MC0694) 

Workshop actually writes the 
program code for you. 

Version 4.5 adds a new 
windowed debugger and 
over 40 new commands to 
the already robust PAL pro- 
gramming language. Twenty- 
six existing commands are 
enhanced, including WAIT, 
which has 19 new triggers. 

Paradox is also available 
in an excellent Windows ver- 
sion (which can share data 
with the DOS version). It's a 
similar but separate product 
with its own programming lan- 
guage. Paradox for DOS 
runs fine as a DOS applica- 
tion under Windows. 

Paradox is a great prod- 
uct. It's easy to start out 
with, powerful enough to 
stay with, and network- 
ready. Version 4.5 takes a 
solid product and makes it 
even better. If you're still us- 
ing DOS, check it out. 


Borland International 



Circle Reader Service Number 446 

110 COMPUTE MAY 1994 

SSI's Fantasy Empires is the first computer-based Dungeons & 
Dragons game that features a visible dungeon master. 


I sat down to evaluate SSI's 
Fantasy Empires, a Dun- 
geons & Dragons-style 
game of territorial expansion 
and medieval combat, and 
was kidnapped by a villain 
and taken to the wee hours 
of the morning. At least, 
that's the only way I can fig- 
ure that it went from 6 p.m. 

to 2 a.m. so quickly. 

Fantasy Empires is that ad- 
dicting. More like the board 
game Risk than D&D, Fanta- 
sy Empires pits you against 
one to four opponents (hu- 
man or computer) in your 
quest to unite the 98 king- 
doms of Mystara. 

Your empire starts small, 
with just one kingdom, and 
expands with your capture 
of neighboring territories. 
The more territories you ac- 

quire, the more revenue you 
generate. More money 
means more troops, which 
in turn help you gain even 
more territories. 

Money also buys temples 
for clerics and magic users, 
castle fortifications, and 
troop-building armories, 
among other things. The 
troops themselves are stan- 
dard D&D fare: fighters, 
elves, dwarves, ores, and 
so on. Elite troops, called he- 
roes, may be sent on 
quests to unearth magical 

At some point during 
your expansion, you'll bump 
into an opponent (or vice ver- 
sa), and that's when the fun 
begins. In combat you can 
let the computer simulate 
the melee, or you can storm 
the battlefield for some 
hand-to-hand hacking and 
slashing. The latter, while 
fun, can be frustrating. You 
control one of your warriors; 
the rest of your crew carries 
out predetermined attack or- 
ders. When your warrior con- 
fronts a foe, you can do little 

c^ree Qpirit 



International Orders 1-317-878-5342 
FAX Orders 1-31 7-878-4751 

MON-FRI 8am- 10pm SAT 9am-7:30pm SUN 12pm-6pm 




Bibles and Religion 
Clipart Warehouse 
Complete Bookshop 
Computer Ref Library 
Diets and Language 
Encycl. of Sound 1 
Encycl. of Sound 2 
HAM Radio v3.0 

Hugos House of Horrors 

Legal Guide 

MVP Game Jamboree 

Our Solar System 

Sound Sensations 

Techno Tools 

Too Many Type Fonts 


World Traveler 

:i\s;ss:.s: iXmiiK ! S 



Porky Pig Cartoons 
Betty Boop Cartoons 
Bugs Bunny Cartoons 

Classic Cartoons 
Caricatures Clasicas 
The Three Stooges Fest, 
Godzilla vs. Megaton 
Night of the Living Dead 
Flash Cards Videos 
Hilarious Sports Bloopers 


Kodak Photo CD Access 


9 Digit Zipcode Directory 


MPC Wizard 


Business Master 


Mother Earth 2 


Career Opportunities 


Pixel Perfect Graphics 


Companion for Word Perfect 


Publish it 2.0 (DOS) 


Essential Home & Business 


Publish it 3.0 (Win) 


Fingers for Windows 


Reel Clips2 


Intn'l Bus & Econ Atlas 


Tempra Access 


M Beacon Teaches Typing 


Timeworks Superfonts 


Microsoft Works 


World of Flight 


North American Fax Book 


World of Trains 


Phone Disc USA Business 



ProPhone Business+1 


Animals! (San Diego Zoo) 


Pro Phone 1993 4th Quarter 


Apolio (Space Series.) 


Q& A 


Audubon Birds or Mammals 


Quicken Windows Deluxe 


Barney Bear School 
Barney Bear Space 


Clipart & Graphics 

Barron's Book Notes 


Airbrush Portfolio 


Berlitz Think & Tallk 

Boris Vallejo Fantasy Art 


Spanish .French, German .or 


Business Backgrounds 


S1 19.00 

CD Cad 3.7 


Carmen San Diego 


Clipmaster Pro 


Dinosaurs M/M Encyc 



Color Magic 


Education Master 



Corel Art Show III 


Electricity & Magnetism 



Corel Professional Photos CD-ROM 

Kid's Can Read 

Royalty-Free, Many subject areas 

Paperbag Princess. Scary Poems For Rotten 



$22.00 each 

Kids. Tale Of Peter Rabbit, and more! 

Desktop Pub Dream Disk 


S19.00 each 


Electronic Lib of Art 


Languages of the World 


Fantazia Fonts & Sounds 


Learn Speak Spanish 



Fontaxcess Windows 


Learning Adventure 



Fontmaster 1 


Macmillan Diet for Children 



Fontmaster 2 


Microsoft Dinosaurs 


Fonts for Pro Publisher 


Monarch Notes 


Fractal Ecstacy 


Nat Geog Mammals 



GIFS Galaxy 


Playing w/ Language 

Jets & Props 


Intro games in English. French 



Just Fonts 


Japanese, or Spanish 

S25 00 each 

Triple Play for ages 9 to adult 

in Spanish, English and French 

349.00 each 

Small Blue Planet 


Arthur's Teacher Trouble 

Chess Maniac Nat Lampoon 

Chessmaster 4000 

Curse of Enchantia 

Dracula Unleashed 

Dragon's Lair - PC 



Eric the Unready 

Fatty Bear's Birthday Surp. 

Flight Simulator Toolkit 

Game Master 

Game Pack II 

Games 1993 

Gameware Collection 

Geekwad Games 

Microsoft Golf 

Gunship 2000 

Guy Spy 


House of Games 

The Humans 

Indiana Jones Fate Atlantis 

Iron Helix 

Jones in Fast Lane 

Journeyman Project 


Karaoke Party Pak 

King's Quest VI 

Labyrinth of Time 

L Bow 2: Dagger Amon Ra 

Links Collectors 

Legend of Kyrandia 


Lord of the Rings 

Mad Dog McCree 


Maniac Mansion: Day Tntcie 


PCSIG World of Games 


Police Quest 4 

Quantum Gate 

Race the Clock 



Return of the Phantom 


Sci-Fi Fantasy 

Scrabble Deluxe 

Secret \ Luftwaffe 

Secret Monkey Island 

Seventh Guest 

Sherlock Cons 2 

Sherlock Cons 3 

Space Quest IV 

Stellar 7 

Strike Commander wATact M 

Terminator 2 Chess Wars 

Telris Gold 


Victor Vector & Yondo 
Last Dino Egg 
Hypnotic Harp 
Teleforce Ray 
Vampire Coffin 
Cyberplasm Force 
$39.00 each 

Video Cube Space 

Wacky Funster 

Who Killed Sam Rupert 7 

Willy Beamish 

Wing CMDR 2\Sec Missions 

Wing CMDR 2\Ult Undrwrld 


Wrath of the Demon 


Alladin & Wonderful Lamp 

Don Quixote 

Electronic Home Library 

Greatest Books Collection 

Great Mystery Classics 



25 00 


Great Poetry Classics 39.00 

Interactive Storytime VI 15.00 

Interactive Storytime V2 1 8.00 

Interactive Storytime V3 18.00 

Just Grandma & Me 29.00 

Library of the Future 39.00 

Mixed Up M Goose 15.00 

Comp Works of Shakespeare 12.00 
Sherlock Holmes - Comp Works 12.00 

Twain's World 24.00 


CD Speedway 57.00 

Jewel Cases 1.00 

Lightning 59.00 

Nautilus Mini Subscription 24.00 

RomwareMagazine 1 2.00 

PC Medic 15.00 

Music & Sound 

9000 Sounds 1900 

999+ .WAV Files 15.00 

All Music Guide 43.00 

MM Beethoven 54.00 

Composer Quest 25.00 

Dr Music Lab 12.00 

Dr of Sound 14.00 

Grammy Awards 33.00 

Hot Sound & Vision 19.00 

Intro Clasical Music 39.00 

Jazz History 45.00 

MIDI Music Shop 15.00 

MS Musical Instrument 55.00 

Microsoft Stravinski 55.00 

Resource Library Audio 14.00 

Sound Effects Library 15.00 

SoundWAV 15.00 

Vivaldi 29.00 

Wave Pool Windows 15.00 


ADA Programming 19.00 

C Users Group Lib 19.00 

Companion for OS/2 14.00 

Dr OS/2 Gold 14.00 

Garbo 13.00 

Hoboes OS/2 13.00 

Lan Master 25.00 

Programmers ROM 25.00 

Resource Lib Lang Operation 19.00 

Simle!20 13.00 

Source C CD 19.00 

Super Programmer 12.00 

Unix-C 19.00 

Virtual Reality Starter Kit 49.00 

X11R5VGNU 19.00 


Aircraft Encyclopedia 23.00 

American Heritage Diet 39.00 

Audubon Birds or Mammals 17.00 

Bible Library 25.00 

Book of Lists #3 39.00 

Cinemania94 59.00 

Complete House 27.00 

Compton Inter Encyclopedia 87.00 

Consumer Information 24.00 

Cookbook Heaven 14.00 

Diet Living World 23.00 

Healing Fds Elect Cookbook 35.00 

Encyc MPC 6.0. S.T. 39.00 

Exploring Ancient Architecture 43.00 

Family Doctor 19.00 

Food Analyst 31.00 

Front Row Baseball Cards 33.00 

Great Naval Battles 55.00 

Guiness 1993 20.00 

Hacker Chronicles 24.00 

History of the World 59.00 

Holy Bible & Christian Shware 15.00 

Home Designer DOS/WIN 29.00 

Home Medical Advisor Pro 49,00 

Home Remedies 33.00 

lllus Facts:How Things Wrk 35.00 

lllus Facts:How World Wrks 35.00 

JFK Assassination 45.00 

JS New Prague Cookbook 23.00 

King James Bible 19.00 

Languages of World 1 9 00 

Leskos Info USA 29.00 

Map Expert w/Str AllasUSA 2 49.00 

Mayo Clinic 18.00 

Mega Movie Guide 39.00 

Microsoft Encarta 94 89.00 

Murmurs of Earth 45.00 

New Zealand Birds 27.00 

North American Indians 25.00 

Oxford English Ref Lib 94.00 

Pill Book 33.00 

Plant Doctor 25.00 

Prescript. Drugs 29.00 

Reference Lib, S.T. 15.00 

Time Desert Storm 19.00 

Tony LaRussa Baseball 2 55.00 

Total Baseball 1993 19.00 

Mayo Clinic's Total Heart 44.00 

USA State Factbook 29.00 

USA Wars: Civil War 29.00 

USA Wars: Korea 29.00 

USA Wars: WW2 29,00 

USA Wars: Vietnam 25.00 

US History 19.00 

Video Movie Guide 27.00 


Adventures in Heaven 14.00 

ASP Advantage '19.00 

California Collection 12.00 

CICA Windows 12.00 

Companion for Windows 1 5.00 

Doctor of Games 13.00 

Doctor of Shareware 1 or 2 13.00 

Doctor of Windows 1 3.00 

Futura Shareware 12.00 

Ham Radio & Scanner Comp 1 6.00 

Hamware 93 19.00 

Libris Britannia 29.00 

Megabyte Monster 15.00 

Night Owl 11 29.00 

Original Shareware 9.00 

PC-SIG 13 22.00 

PC-SIG World of Games 15.00 

PC-SIG World of Education 15.00 

PC-SIG World of Windows 15.00 

Phoenix 4.0 15.00 

Pier 3 25,00 

QRZ Ham Radio 12.00 

RBBS in a Box 25.00 

Shareware '93 24.00 

Shareware Heaven 12.00 

Shareware Heaven 2 19.00 

Shareware Studio 3 15.00 

Shareware Supreme 1 9.00 

Software Vault Gold Coll. 15.00 

Software Vault Platinum 14.00 

So Much Shareware 3 19.00 

Super CD 3 12.00 

Sysop's Companion 14.00 

Up All Night 12.00 

User's Choice Win Archive 1 2.00 

Variety Store 12.00 

Window Master 15,00 

Windows 1993 24.00 

Windows Collection 12.00 

Windows Heaven 14.00 

Windows Plus 14.00 

Windows Shareware Gold 15,00 

WIN Platinum 12.00 

World of Shareware 29.00 


Adventures 19.00 

Britain ai its Best 19.00 

Digital Tours/USA Tours 29.00 

Global Explorer 89.00 

Great Cities V2 9.00 

Hong Kong At Its Best 19.00 

Hospitality Index 25.00 

National Parks 19.00 

New York at its Best 1 9.00 

Street Atlas USA 89.00 

Washington at it's Best 19.00 

World Atlas 4.0 19.00 

World Atlas US/Atlas Combo 19.00 
Many More. 
Including Adult Titles 

Order with Check. Money Order. VISA, MasterCard. American Eipress. or COD Order by phone mail, or fax Note there is no. surcharge for credit card orders For the contiguous US .CD-ROM software shrppmg is S5 CIO per outej (nol tille): or S1 J .00 if C O D Alaska, Hawaii. Puerto 
Rico, Mexico, and Canada add S3 00 per CD-ROM Software order for shipping Cosls for shipping hardware, or orders to foreign countries nol mentioned, are quoted at time of order Indiana residents please add 5% sales lax. Not responsible for typographical errors Please research 
your product purchases as all sales are final All products are covered by manufacturer's warranty Prices and availability are subject to change without notice. Foreign orders. Fan orders, mail orders PLEASE include youir VOICE phone « 

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more than hold the joystick button 
while the two hack at each other. 
These simple and often lengthy encoun- 
ters detract from an otherwise exciting 
arcade sequence. 

Overseeing the map-based portion 
of the game is the dungeon master him- 
self, who resides at the top of the 
screen and mediates gameplay. He al- 
so provides verbal guidance when you 
falter and even takes a snooze if you 
wait too long to make a move. 

Aside from that bit of levity, Fantasy 
Empires is a serious game of strategy 
and arcade action, one you won't win 
in one sitting. Great graphics, sound, 
and gameplay make Fantasy Empires 
an addicting winner. 


Strategic Simulations 

(408) 737-6800 


Circle Reader Service Number 447 


ICOM Simulations' mixed-bag Win- 
dows game, Uninvited, wastes no time 
casting you into the thick of the plot. 
You awaken at the wheel of your car, 
which has plowed into an oak tree on 
someone's front lawn. Your brother, 
who was riding shotgun, is nowhere to 
be found. He must've gone into that 
spooky old mansion to find a phone. 
Ah, well, you'll just have to go in and 
fetch him . . . 

So begins ICOM's graphical adven- 
ture. To locate your brother and es- 
cape from what proves to be a very 
haunted house, you'll need to explore 
the place and gather various magical 
knickknacks, occasionally contending 
with a few bogeymen. 

Standard stuff, and tedious after a 
while. Yet Uninvited shines with its 
trite but compelling reminders that 
your brother is still missing. If nothing 
else, the game keeps you going just so 
you can see what the guy looks like. 

Featuring 256-color graphics and 
some nifty sound effects, Uninvited 
will occasionally give you chills, but it 
may prove dull for more action-oriented 
gamers. If you're into mysteries, on the 
other hand, settle in for a fun, campy ad- 
venture. Since it runs under Windows, 
it can provide a welcome break when 
you grow frustrated with productivity. 


ICOM Simulations 
(708) 520-4440 

Circle Reader Service Number 448 



strive to provide you with the 

latest and most useful home, 

business, and entertainment 

computer news and information. 

Now we offer the COMPUTE 

EDITOR LINE— a direct link to our 

editorial staff that lets you truly 

participate in the shaping of 
COMPUTE magazine. 


offers a unique opportunity for 

you to voice your opinion and let 

our editors know exactly what is 

on your mind. The COMPUTE 

EDITOR LINE is our way of 

staying in touch with you and all 

your informational needs. 

We hope to hear from you soon. 


.95(5 per minute. 

PET Inc., Box 166. Hollywood. CA 90078. 

Must be 18 or older. Touch-tone phones only. 

Advertisers' Index 

Reader Service Number/Advertiser 

Page Reader Service Number/Advertiser 

Page Reader Service Number/Advertiser 


124 Abacus 45 143 

244 Access Software 48,49 110 

199 Advanced Digital Systems 55 246 

198 AldeLabs Inc 122 136 

157 AMTEX Software Corporation 87 200 

162 AMTEX Software Corporation 103 176 

America OnLine 65i 119 

137 Aulomap Inc 21 

166 BabyDoc 119 

113 Bare Bones Software 118 

Best Personalized Books 118 191 

173 Blue Valley Software 124 181 

Bon-Vue Enterprises 122 

192 Broderbund 31 141 

Cape Cod Connection 120 114 

180 Chips & Bits 95 160 

182 CJCware 114 

209 Compaq IFC.1 168 

240 Comptons NewMedia 71 221 

CompuQuest 99 235 

Computer Business Services 119 

225 Computer Friends 120 207 

204 Computer Gallery 119 224 

125 Creative Labs 3 135 

D & K Enterprises, Inc 119 

161 Delphi Internet Services 23 196 

145 DemoSource 121 248 

131 DemoSource 117 138 

Disks O'Plenty 120 129 

134 Fantazia Concepts, Inc 114 212 

140 Fractal Design Corporation 79 

115 Free Spirit Software 111 120 

148 Groupware 121 116 

184 ID Software 107 185 

139 Interactive Products, Inc 116 109 

Intuit 7 126 

IVI Publishing 96 210 

231 Jackson Marking Products 118 144 

243 Keystone Software 115 245 

178 LACE 122 147 

151 Lance Haffner Games 121 130 

236 LivingSoft 121 167 

165 LivingSoft 47 174 

122 Logitech 35 183 

Logitech 11 

Mallard 29 

Mallard 57 

Media Graphics Int'l Inc 114 

MediaVision 10 

Merit Software 75 

MicroProse 9 

Microsoft 36,37 

Microsoft Press 39 

Mother's File Exchange 116 

Needham's Electronic Inc 122 

New World Computing 93 

NRI/McGraw Hill 33i 

Odyssey OnLine 124 

Opcode Interactive 61 

Origin 83 

Orion Business International, Inc 118 

Parsons Technology 41 

PC Enterprises 120 

Pendragon Software Library 124 

Pierce Aviation lis 

Pixel Perfect 12 

Profit Group, The 123 

Profit Group, The 115 

Pure Entertainment 112 

Quadra Interactive 69 

Raceway Computers 117 

Ramco Computer Supplies 122 

Rholech Labs 124 

SafeSoft Systems Inc 120 

School of PC Repair 118 

Serif PagePlus 13,15 

SeXXy Software 124 

Sierra OnLine BC 

Smart Luck Software 120 

SofiShoppe 120 

Software Support International 123 

Software Toolworks 27 

Software Toolworks 5 

Software Toolworks 19 

Starware Publishing 114 

Surplus Software 63 

Thoughtware, Inc 52 

UniWare 117 

190 Uni-ROM 124 

112 U.S. Robotics IBC 

195 Virgin Games 50,51 

146 Virgin Games 91 

194 Virtual Reality Labs 116 

172 Wedgwood Rental 120 

132 Windows OnLine 120 

Window's and Games 900 116 

Classifieds 126,127 

Product Mart 117,118,119,120,121,122.123,124 

Windows Mart 114,115,116 

104 COMPUTE Books 97,98 

COMPUTE Books 97.98 

COMPUT Editor 900 Line 118 

COMPUTE'S Gazette Disk Subscription 101 

COMPUTE'S SharePak Disk Subscription 105 

COMPUTE'S Ultimate PC Disk 109 

OMNI Subscription 33 

Penthouse OnLine 124 

Penthouse Modem 110 


Cover screen shot: Microsoft's Creative Writ- 
er; page 4: Mark Wagoner; page 16: Mark 
Wagoner; page 42: ©1994 Bob Conge/SIS; 
page 65: Rob Schuster; page 66: Rob Schust- 
er; page 68: Rob Schuster; page 70: Rob 
Schuster; page 72: Rob Schuster; page 74: 
Rob Schuster; page 76: Mark Wagoner; 
page 80: Mark Wagoner; page 84: Mark Wag- 
oner; pages 88-89: Mark Wagoner. 





COMPUTE offers two different disk products for 
PC readers: the SharePak disk and PC Disk. 
SharePak is monthly and has a subscription 
price of $59.95 for 5 1 /4-inch disks and $64,95 for 
3'/2-inch disks, A subscription to SharePak 
does not include a subscription to the maga- 
zine. PC Disk appears in odd-numbered 
months and has a subscription price of $49.95, 
which includes a subscription to COMPUTE. You 
can subscribe to either disk or to both, but a 
subscription to one does not include a subscrip- 
tion to the other. 

MAY 1994 COMPUTE 113 




Type fouls and over 3500 professiona 

comprehensive font collection features typefaces tor any publication, from 
the classic: Clearly Roman and Frankfurt, to the whimsical BainBam and 
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You'll also find over 50 volumes of high-quality clip ail images, 
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Publisher's Paradise Professional CD-ROM 

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967....Double Ploy II $49.88 


963....Penfhou«e Interactive $129.88 

974....Adult Movie Almanac $99.88 

958 ...Seymour Butts $69.88 

969....Scissors-n-Stones $69.88 

957....Paradise Club Interactive $49.88 

959....Digital Dancing $59.88 

950 ...Nightwatch Inferadive $59.88 

968 ...Dream Machine ;:?- $69.88 

971 ....After Midnight Screen W ,;=.■ $59.88 


976 ...The Other Side 

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980 ...Hidden Agenda «?.$49.88 

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978....Murphie's Brown f.!*$49.88 

979....The Fisherman's Wife new $49 88 

954....Wicked $39.88 

955....Betrayal $39.88 

956....Cat & Mouse $39.88 

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960 ...The legends of Porn 2 $29.88 

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973....New Wave Hookers $29.88 

985 ...Secrets $29.88 

986 ...Hidden Obsessions . 


FREE Color Catalog 

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4CCC rents 

• 2000 Fonts in Truetype Format and 2000 in Type 1 format 

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Pl\ orders are shipped the same day by Federal Express! 

Fantazia Concepts, Inc. or 216-951-5666 
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Eastlake, Ohio 44095 216-951-9241 

Circle Reader Service Number 134 


VGA pictures 

Adult CD's 

Adult Ref. Lib. $35 

Diuilal Duncing $45 

Amateur Models $40 

Diny Talk 145 

American Girls $40 

Doors ol' Passion $4X 

Busiy Babes #2 $40 

Dream Machine $55 

Digital Dreams #2 $36 

Nialmvalch $55 

High Vol. Nudes $40 

Hooter Heaven $48 

Southern Beauties $40 

and gel a5^ 

Super Smmware $36 


The Mark of Zara 548 

Adult CD-ROM 

f-ull feature 

Adult Movie 

Almanac $62 
Bare Assets $60 
ErotiCafe $60 
L.A. Strippers $48 

movies on CD 

Alter Dark Trilogy $49 
Betrayal - $53 
BtilimaJl'.s Emu. Vac. $53 
Cut & Mouse $53 

Paradise Club $50 

Hidden Obsessions $55 

and more titles... 

Mouse oI'Divams $55 

Include S&HS5 

House olSlccp Beau.$4" 

Nighl Trips $55 



Sccivls $5.1 


The Barlow Allaire $53 

/vk ; ii~ii|£:!l\ 

Tracy 1 Love You $4'J 

/Smlra&k \ 

Wicked $55 

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0<V^C^ C **5>** > P.O.Box 36, Normal, IL 61761 

Circle Reader Service Number 130 

Circle Reader Service Number 196 


deo Training for Windows Applications 

Your Personal Windows 

x Watch 

IN M I N U 1 1 

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Corporate Traioer 
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8 iVIS Project Instructor 8 WordPerfect SIX.O Instructor Developer and Trainer 

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Average 80-120 minutes 
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Word 6.0 Beg/lnt/Adv S49.95ea 

Special-Any Two Videos $89.96 

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Excel 6.0 Beg/lnt/Adv $49.96ea 

Special-Any Two Videos $89.96 

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Visual Basic 3.0 Unit 1/2/3 $79.95ea 

Special-All three Videos $199.96 

WordPerfect 6.0 Beg/lnt/Adv $49.95ea 

Special-All Three Videos $129.95 

Quattro Pro 5.0 Beg/lnt/Adv 
Special-All three Videos 
Project 3.0 Level 1,11,111,1V 
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Paradox 4.5 Beg/lnt/Adv 
Special-All three Videos 
PowerPoint 3.0 Beg or Adv 
Special-Both Videos 

CorelDRAW 4 Beg/lnt/Adv 
Special-All Three Videos 





DOS 8 Windows Basics 
Windows 3.1 Beg or Adv 
Special-Beg/Adv Set 

Word 2.0 Beg/Adv/P.Apps 
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Excel 4.0 Beg/Adv/DDE.OLE 
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Ask about Special Video Combinations 
Microsoft Office (7 Vitas) $299.95 
Microsoft Office Pro (12 Videos) $495.95 
Microsoft Office Plus (14 Videos) $579.95 

Borland Office (9 Videos) $349.95 

Borland Office Lite (6 Videos) $239.95 


\}\j? Learning Systems 

"""■"EST '.{£* I BM C.O.D., Company P.O. of Checks 

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KeyStone Learning Systems 
125 E. 300 S„ Suite 205 
Prove, UT 84506 

Circle Reader Service Number 243 

Mega Demo & Test vs 
contains 350 Megs 
at PC Shareware & PD 
software. Including Special ^"~—~___ 
CD-ROM Benchmark and Test Utilities 
written by our programming staff, & NOT 
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as well as access time in a reliable and 
consistent manner for a meaningful 
real-world benchmark for CD drives. Sp 
The Dfsc and Interlace Software are x - 
fully functional (Even for BBS Use) and N> 
not crippled in any way. When purchased 
separately Mega Demo and Test is $14.00 
plus $6.00 for S&H However far a Limited 
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These are the Only Shareware & PD 

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The prices listed above do ool include 

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shipping to foreign countries is available. 


^D,ROM° Windows', <*»& 


PC Shareware Spectacular 

. 650 Megs 1 Plus Gigs Uncompressed! 
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Mind & Strategy, War Games, Card 

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GIFs, FLI's of all types & Includes Sound 

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This Dec Certains Hadong, Phreakng. Tone Box Infonriation, Anarchy, 
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Circle Reader Service Number 135 


Lay Rubber on the 
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Hardware requirements: Class 1 or 2 FAX card/modem, IBM or compatible, Microsoft 
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Use Your High-Speed Modem And Call: 


2400 ■ 14.4 ■ 21.6 bps USR V.32/bis V.42/bis 8,N,1 




VoiceMouse™ VOICE RECOGNITION for Windows is the perfect way to navigate 
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jfK Interactive Products, Inc. 

^JfV 1600 Valley River Dr., Suite 170, Eugene, Oregon 97401 U.S.A. 

^ Tel : (503) 341 -4964 • FAX: (503) 341^965 

Circle Reader Service Number 139 

4"J I Callers under 18 years of age MUST have parents permission [ ^ 

MULTIMEDIA... Gotta Have It! 


- Animals $23 
-Arthur's Teaches Trouble $39 

- Carmen San Diego $26 

- CD-Deluxe (U.S./World Atlas, Chess- $39 
master 3000. Mavis Beacon). 

- Dinosaurs $29 

- Gabreil Knight $49 

- Hobbes OS/2 Archives $39 

- Iron Helix $59 
-Journeyman Project $55 
-Just Grandma & Me $39 

■ Languages of the world $39 

■ Linux Programming $35 

■ Mad Dog Mcree ' $39 

■ Mario is missing $29 

■ Mayo Clinic $25 

■ MM Encyclopedia $49 

■ New Kid on the block $39 

■ Playing with Languages-French $29 

■ Playing with Languages-English $29 

■ Playing with Languages-German $29 


■ Playing with Lanuages-Japenese $29 

■ Playing with Langages-Spanish $29 


■ 350ms Access Time, 300 KB/S Transfer Rate 

• Media Vision 16-bit Sound Card 

• Amplified Speakers 


HiLite's NEC Bundle 

■NEC 510 (3X) 

■ 190ms Access Time, 450 KB/S Transfer Rate 
■Media Vision 16-bit Sound Card 
• Amplified Speakers 

Reference Library 


Rebel Assault 


Return to Zork 


Torando Flight Stimulator 


Tortoise and the Hare 


6-Pack Toolworks ( Grolier's MM Ency! 


U.S./World Atlas. Chessmaster 300, 

Mavis Beacon 8 Animals). 

7th Guest 


Pick & Choose as many 
titles ... as you want with 
a purchase of a CD-ROM! 

INEC philips 

Sony Double Speed w/lnterface $189 
Philips Double Speed w/lnterface $199 

NEC Triple Speed $459 

( .? ; 1994 UniWare Corp, Prices and 
specifications are subject to change 
without notice. All Trademarks are the 
property of their respective holders. 

1 -800-4-UniWare 

1 -800-486-4927 



Hours: Mon, - Fri. 8-6 PST, 
Phone; 714-551-6400 
Fax: 714-551-2274 

5405 Alton Parkway Suite 483 
Irvine, CA 92714 

They'll never 

home based! 

Circle Reader Service Number 183 



Introducing SuiteTalker, our revolutionary mini 
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Try our 24 lir demo! Record vour voice! Call: 


You'll get a *5 rebate on your long distance call 
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283-4759. Ail major credit cards accepted. 




DemoSource 3 " 1 

The Voice Application Superstore 
• •••••••••• 

8345 Row da Bl St« 202 Northridfla CA 91324 USA 



is a special adver- 
tising section de- 
signed to benefit 
you, the PC direct 
marketer, by let- 
ting you advertise 
directly to the read- 
ers that buy. 





Lucille Dennis 



Call now to 

your space! 




Call us for a free catalog! 200 Pius mes to ckosei 


Aircraft EncycL. S29.00 ■ 
Arthurs Teacher $18.50' 
Audubons Birds. $17.00; 
Audubons Mammals$17.00- 
Beauty & the Beast $19.00 
Business Master $19.00 
CD.CADVer3.7. . $25.00 
CDFunhouse. . . $17.00 
CD Deluxe Pack . . $24.00 
Chessmaster 3000' $19.00 

Grolier's Encyc. 6.0 $39 

Cinemania '94 
Clipart Goliath 
Clipart Heaven . . 
Cookbook Heaven 
Color Magic .... 
Complete Book. 
Composer Quest . 
Comptons Inter. 94' $79.00 
Critical Path $45.00 

Desktop Bookshop $19.00 
Desktop Publisher $24.00 
Dictionaries & lang. $10.00 
Dino/Space Advent. $25.00 
Dracula Unleashed $49.00 

" 3.00 

Dr. Windows 
Ecoquest: - Cetus 
Education Master 
Electricity & Mag. 
Encyc. or Sound 
F117A/F15 Strike 
Family Doctor . . 

Fontsl $25.00 

Games 1993. . . $22.00 
Gardening. . . . $10.00 
Global Explorer . . $89.00 
GIF's Galore. $16.00 


Guiness Disc '93* 

=, Gunship2000 . . 
HAM Radio. . . 
Home Remedies . 
House of Games I 
INCA Multimedia . 
Indiana Jones . . 
Jets & Props . . . 
Jones in the Fast 
Just Grandma/Me 


King's Quest V , . 
King's Quest VI 
Kodak Photo CD 
Labyrinth of Time . 
Lawnmower Man 
Speak Spanish 
Link's Collectors 

LOOM" $15 

Maddog McCree . $34 

Mammals $22. 

Maniac Mansion $45 

Mantis $19 

Mario is Missing* . .$19 
Mavis Beacon' $19 
Mayo Clinic' $19 

Midi Music Shop. . $19 
Mix. Mother Goose $1 5 
Monster Media - II $19 
Monster Media III (1 24pg 
book, 650 Meg!) $27 

- Mother of All Clipart $14 
MPC Wizard 2. . .$19 

.National Parks . . $1 

J New Kids on Block. $39 

. $29 
. $45 

Night Owl Ver. 11 . .$27.00 

Night Owl Games . $18.00 
Our Solar Systems $10.00 
PC Karaoke. . . .$16.00 
PCSIG13thEd. $29.00 
Phoenix Version 4 $15.00 
Plant Doctor. . . . $29.00 
Playing with Lang. (German, 
French. or Spanish) $23.00 
Precision Mapping $65.00 
Prescription Drugs . $27.00 
Programmer's ROM $29.00 
ProPhone 1993 4th $85.00 
Publish It! 2.0. . . $12.00 
Publishers Paradise $19.00 
Quantum Gate $45.00 
Rebel Assault. . . $45.00 
Return to Zork . . . $45.00 
Seventh Guest . . $34.00 
Shareware 1994 $25.00 
Shareware Explor. $27.00 
Share. Studio III . . $15.00 
Software Vault Gold $15.00 
Space Shuttle' . . .$19.00 
Star Trek 25th $57.00 
Street Atlas Ver. 2.0 $89.00 
Vault Plantium $15.00 

Where is Carmen? . $19.00 

00 Willy Beamish. . . $15.00 

00 Windows 1993. . .$19.00 
■ Win Platinum. . . $17.00 

00 ' May be purchases with a 

00 CD drive only 


00 ;-r Panasonic 562 $189.00 

00 Wearnes 

We will beat any advertised deals! Dealers Welcome! 


Circle Reader Service Number 131 

Circle Reader Service Number 248 

Make Money With A Computer 

Own a lifetime license for a patent to make a 
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As the leader in the industry Best Personalized Books, Inc. is 
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No computer experience is necessary to create a 
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Books, Inc. owns US Patent 5,213,461 to produce personalized books with a computer. 






$«*'•%■ I 

A great novelty for laughs at home or office! 

Interfaces with most keyboards. Just place empty 
ketchup pack (not included) next to the fake spill 
and run for cover! 
Send $2.95 for one, S2.49 for two or more 


P. O. Box 1 1 
Lakeville, IN 46536. 



Learn how to sign with this program that teaches you 
fingerspelling and numbers, win $79 


Increase your understanding of financial statements 
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Developed by a team of doctors, information on 
health, injuries, symptoms, drugs, win/dos/cd $59 


Leam the most popular operating system for the PC 
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Order Now 1-800-95-ORION 

Call for our complete catalog! 

Orion Business International, Inc. 

7412 N. Fresno St. #154D 

Fresno, CA 93720 

Tel. 209.432.4155 Fax. 209.261.0662 

■ Be a computer . 
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I Professional-level home ~^ ***■ 

I study teaches you PC re- 
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Free career literature. 



Phone! ) 


State Zip 

I The School of PC Repair I 

■ 6065 Rosewell Road ■ 

Dept. JF68002, Atlanta, GA 30328 


for your own use or a 
profitable sideline business 

Self-Inking and traditional 

knob handle stamps can 

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Retail prices will start in 

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Informational signs, nameplates, 

control panels, name badges, 

and hundreds of other signage 

items can be made for pennies | 

per square inch. 

Complete systems are less than $2,000 


Brownsville Rd., D-200, Mt. Vernon, IL 62864 
Phone: 800-STAMPCALL Fax: 800-STAMPFAX 

Games Too Expensive ? 

Consider Pre-owned Software 

• Save big $$$ over new 

• Original disks and manuals 

• IBM - AMIGA - C64 

• Hard-to-find classics plus 
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• Call or write for free catalog 
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3ar<2 Sones Software 

940 4th Ave #222 Huntington WV 25701 


Customer Service: 304-529-0461 
BBS for complete list: 304-529-7050 

Circle Reader Service Number 231 

Circle Reader Service Number 113 

Order Linel 


Price Breakthrough! 

7th Guest (Box) $45 

7th Guest (w/o box) $35 

Battlechess $21 

Beyond the Wall of Stars $15 

Chessmaster 4000 $19 

Comanche - Max Overkill $59 

Conan the Cimmerian $24 

Conspiracy $45 

Daemonsgate $29 

Dagger of Amon RA $19 

Day of the Tentacle $39 

Death Star Arcade $11 

Dune $29 

Dracula Unleashed $49 

Ecoquest - Search for Celus . $19 

F-15 Strike Eagle III $27 

Gabriel Knight $49 

Gateway II - Homeworld $39 

Gunship 2000 w/scenarios .... $27 

Hellcab $55 

Hugo's House of Horrors $11 

iron Helix $39 

Journeyman Project ... ..... $45 

Kings Quest V $15 

Kings Quest VI $26 

Legend of Kyrandia $24 

Loom $17 

Mad Dog McCree $31 

Mantis $15 

Mario is Missing (Deluxe) $19 

MVP's Game Jamboree! $11 

Rebel Assault $45 

Return to Zork $25 

Secret of Monkey Island $19 

Secret Weapons of the Luft ... $25 

Space Quest IV $15 

Star Trek - 25th Anniversary .. $59 

Star Wars Chess $19 

Stellar 7 $15 

Strike Commander $58 

Tornado (Flight Simulator) $27 

Untima Underworld I and II .... $37 

Who Killed Sam Rupert $17 

Wing Com I & Ultima VI $21 

Wing Com II & Ult Undr Wld I $37 
Where is Carmen (Deluxe) .... $24 
World of Xeen $44 

Author Teacher's Trouble $21 

Barney Bear Goes to Schl $13 

Barney Bear Goes to Space .. $13 

Jones in the Fast Lane $16 

Just Grandma and Me $25 

Learn at Home-Serenstain BrsS29 

Mixed Up Mother Goose $15 

New Kid on the Block $35 

Putt-Putt's Fun Pack $27 

Putt-Putt Goes to the Moon ... $42 

Put-Putt Joins the Parade $22 

Sleeping Beauty $14 

Tortise &the Hare $35 

Willie Beamish $17 

Animals (San Diego Zoo) $19 

Audobon's Birds $16 

Audobon's Mammals $16 

Bibles & Religion $11 

Clipart Warehouse $13 

Complete Bookshop $11 

Compton's Interactive End .... $59 

Computer Reference Lib $11 

Computer Works $15 

Dictionaries & Languages $1 1 

Dinosaurs $17 

Doctors Bk of Hm Remedes .. $29 

Encyclopedia of Sound I $1 1 

Family Choice $15 

Family Doctor $19 

Gardening $11 

Groiier's Mult Encyclop 6.0 .... $35 

Mammals - National Geo $24 

Mavis Teaches Typing 2.0 $19 

Mayo Clinic Family Health $21 

MPC Wizard 2 $19 

Oceans Below $19 

Phone Disc USA - Business .. $59 
Phone Disc USA • Residence $59 

Shareware Trio (3 CD's) $19 

Space Adventure $21 

Time Tbl of Hist - Set & Inv .... $15 

U.S.Atlas $17 

U.S. History $21 

U.S. Presidents $29 

World Atlas $17 

Call or write for free catalog! 

® Computer Gallery Call: (419) 874-0288 
P.O. Box 409 Perrysburg. OH 43552 Fax: (419) 874-2944 

$4.00 S&H per order. Visa. MC. Check, Add $5 for 2-Day/SlO for Overnight. 

FREE 486 Computer 
Color Monitor, Printer 

You can earn $2,000 to $10,000 per month from 
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Call toll-free: 

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(in Indiana: 317-758-4415) Fax to: (317) 758-5827 Or Write: 
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jsajSi, , 

FREE CBSI 486 Computer 

Circle Reader Service Number 204 


On call for your child 24 hours a day 

fctf r?^ V^it 

With our process and a computer you can instantly produce the highest 

quality personalized children's books and stationery on the market 


Ail books are hardbound with full color illustrations and laser quality 

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Very simple to operate and highly profitable. 

Only a limited number of dealerships available. 

For a complete information packet call today. 


SUITE 101 • DEPT 27 • CARR0LLT0N, TEXAS 75006 

Software to keep children healthy 


Medical History 
Insurance Info. 
Hospital Info. 
Family Info. 
Doctor Info. 
Laboratory Info. 


Medical Reports 


IBM Compatible 

Lead Poisoning 


500 Diseases 

Read up on 

300 Diseases 
700 Medications 


(Dealer inquiries welcome) 

PO Box 26 180 Fresno, CA 93729-6180/800 NICE KID/ 800 642 3543 

Circle Reader Service Number 166 

Ready ... for our extensive 

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Wedgwood Rental 

5316 Woodway Drive 
Fort Worth, Texas 76133 

Circle Reader Service Number 172 




SoftShoppe CD $46 Only! 
The Ultimate Shareware Collection 

SoftShoppe 32 Pages! ASP Member 



TEL: (310)802-1333 

FAX: (310)802-1494 


Circle Reader Service Number 126 

S S S g. $ $ 3 $ S 




Won 39 Lotto Jackpots 
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real 1-800- 876 -4245 

Dept. C-12, P.O. Box 1519 • While Plains, NY 10602 
1-800-876-GAIL (4245) or 914-761-2333 

Circle Reader Service Number 109 


Re-usable Jet Printer Refill 
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HP. Canon, etc. Black, Color, 

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From $20.95 


Eliminate ribbon costs. Re- 
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tridges too. Better than new i over T. 
printing and longer printhead life. 

Epson Maclnker 49.95 

Universal Cartridge Maclnker 79.95 

Call for comprehensive catalog! 
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14250 NW Science Park Drive 
Portland. OR 97229 

Order 1-800-547-3303 

Tel. (503) 626-2291 
Fax (503) 643-5379 

Circle Reader Service Number 225 

XT, AT, & 

Tandy users 

Not everyone needs the fastest 
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Call for information and free catalog! 

You don't have to buy a new 

Computer to run the Latest 


(800) 922-7257 

2400 Belmar Blvd. 
PO Box 292 
Belmar, NJ 07719 

Computer Upgrade Specialists Since 198-4 


Circle Reader Service Number 221 

Windows OnLine 

I he.Latest Software by Modem / BBS 

diodem, 510-736-8343 

510-736-4376 Voice - 510-736-8397 Fax 

By CD-Rom 


World Of Windows" 

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Free CD to Gold Members 

$1 9.95 to other Members 

Supplies Limited 


'A 25,000 Windows Files 
■ft 1,500 New Files Every Month 


-At 34,000 DOS & 3,500 OS/2 Files 
-ft- 1 Year Member, $69.95 (Total Cost) 
'Ct No Hourly & No Speed Surcharges 



Software utility that allows for 
the removal of hardware locks. 

Available for most major 
software programs 

Easy - Simple - Guaranteed 

Programs start at $99.00 U.S. 

Visa and Mastercard Welcome 

Call or Fax for more Information 

SafeSoft Systems Inc. 
201 - 1 11 1 Munroe Ave. 
Winnipeg, Mb. Canada 

PH (204)669-4639 
R2K 3Z5 

Circle Reader Service Number 212 

^S^^^^^^B^ P^^S^J^^^^^^^^^^^^B 

100's of CD-Rom 

Titles Available 

Call or Write 

for a Free 

Catalog of 

Great Buys 





The NEW 

Cape God Connection 


Shopping Mall. 

Our BBS is back - 24 HOUR Electronic On-Line 
Shopping is available. • Download our complete 
new & used Software, Tabletop & Sports 
Apparel Catalogs, updated daily with new 
products. • On-Line Ordering 24 Hours • One of 
the largest used software listing available today. 
Have us sell your used software on 

Robert Berry, Proprietor 



BBS 508-548-2908 ■ Help 508-457-0738 
24 Hour Fax 508-457-4558 

Circle Reader Service Number 132 

• Super CD 1, 2, & 3 (3 disk set) 


• Super Games for Win. (3 disk set) 


• Super Photo Collection 


• Super Clipart 


• Halo Desktop Imager 


• Super Online 


• Super Programmer Src Code 


• Super Fonts 


• CD-Karaoke 


• Super Windows Shareware 


• MidiSolt Sound Explorer 


• Super Waves 


• Super Ham Radio 


• Super Photo Bank 



Ismail Arslangiray 

4826 Tacoma Mall Blvd. 

Tacoma,WA 98409 

^^^)k CD-ROM Drives $130 

£^y~dm Caddies S4.75 

\M BW Many OtherTitles & 

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FAX (206) 473-1634 Office (206) 472-1400 




Press 1 for :p 
$ sales, 2 for § 
$ service, 3 for $ 
| live operator |j 

IVlake thousands of dollars effortlessly by installing aBigmOuth voice 
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To get started, orderour s 25 PC Opportunity Toolkit It contains all 
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A Few Home-Based Ventures Featured In Our s 25 Toolkit! 

/ BigmOuth 

/(§ voice/fax/pager 
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\ s 295. (Pernod) 


write programs 

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The Voice Application Superstore 
-■»••••• • • • 

our demoline! 818 718-9560 

Circle Reader Service Number 148 

6345 Reseda Bl, SU 202 
Northridge, CA 91324 USA 

Ttadtmarks belong to their publishers 


To order, call 24 hours: 


Circle Reader Service Number 145 



for first 250 callers! 



on popular DR6SS SHOP® 
software for seuuers. 

Includes 29 

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patterns on disk: 

dresses, blouses, pants, skirts, etc. 

Call 800-626-1262 for information or 

to order. MC, Visa, Discover accepted 

Or send $46.62 + $6 S/H to: 


US! imngsoft, inc. 

P.O. BOX 970, Janesville, Cfl 96114 

California residents add 7.25% Sales Tax. 





You manage all 28 most recent teams and 52 great past teams • 45 man roster • Stats 

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P.O. BOX 100594 'NASHVILLE, TN 37224 

Circle Reader Service Number 236 

Circle Reader Service Number 151 

Easy to use software, on-line help, 
full sceen editor 

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1 Technical Support by phone 

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• GAL PLD from NS. Lattice, AMD-16V8, 20V8, 22V10 (EMP-20 only) 



SSmSFi*, N-¥»t * 

4539 Orange Grove Ave. 
Sacramento. CA 95841 
(Monday-Friday. 8 am-5 pm PST) 



BBS (916) 972-8042 
FAX (916) 972-9960 

Circle Reader Service Number 191 

Single white female 
seeks companionship! 

GIRLFRIEND TERI is the 3rd Every conversation is differ- 
in our series of Artificially Intelli-ent as she learns from you. 
gent 'Virtual Women. You are on This is true AL. not a multiple 
a date... what do you want to do? choice mouse game! Now at 
What do you want to talk, about? your favorite software source 
She isn't shy - parental guidance or directly from AldeaLabs. 
is suggested. Not recommended S69.95 plus $4 S&H. Specify 
for minors due to subject matter! diskette format. 
AldeaLabs, Inc., 709 Lingco #106, Dcpt C394, Richardson, TX 75081 
(214)235-4999 Fax (214)235-4992 CompuServe: 71334,1 136 
IBM PC, VGA, 13MB for PG-13. Ask about Adult versions! 

Circle Reader Service Number 198 

Make a 
contribution to 
life after death. 




Ip American Heart Association 

This space provided as a public service. 








Ribbons Price/Each 

Brother 11 09 

Citizen GSX1 40/240, 4-CLR 

Epson MX-80 

Epson LQ 500/870 

Okldata 182/192 

Panasonic 11 80/1 124 

Panasonic KXP 2123 4-CLR 

Star NX1 000 4-CLR 

Star NX1 020 4-CLR 

Star NX2420 4-CLR 
















COLOR PAPER: 200 shts/ bright pk. $11.90 

PASTEL PK. $7.90 BANNER PAPE R 45 FT. RL. $10.95 





Min Orders $25.00, Min. S&H $6.00, Prices subject to change! 


P.O. Box 475, Manteno, IL 800-522-6922 or 815-468-8081 



Discussions on Alternate lifestyles. 

Fetish Material, Digitized Photographs, 

Chat, Original Fetish Art and Much More! 

Nationally Echoed Conferences, AfterDark 

and ThrobNet. International Conferences 

and Mail through Internet. 

(31 Q) 631 -7697 


// 8 ' H ' ] * \\ 

1,200 -16,800 Baud 



A Computerized Bulletin Board Operated as a Service 

to Lovers of the Hedonist Life-style 



Download the HOTTEST & SEXIEST Images 
from our ADULT On-Line Magazine - FREE! 

jH4C£ is an Adult On-Line Magazine that 
offers you: 

• ORIGINAL Adult GIF Images not 
available on any other BBS! 

• GORGEOUS, Sexy & Exotic Models 
both Amateur and Professional ! 

• QUALITY Adult GIF Images and VGA 
Movies produced by professionals ! 

• HIGH SPEED access available on 
ALL lines (14.4k down to 1200 baud). 

Set your Modem to 8-N-1 and your 
terminal to ANSI Graphics and dial: 

(818) 709 -4275 

Questions? Call our voice line at (818) 709-3795. 


the on-line adult magazine 

Must be 18 Years of Age or Older • Limited Offer 

I'm Christy, the System* Admin- 
istrator and part time Glamour 
Model on LACE. Come & see my 
images & visit with me On-Line. 

Circle Reader Service Number 178 


• >.. 

Circle Reader Service Number 138 

Mega Demo & Test pi 
contains 350 Megs 
of PC Shareware & PD 
software. Including Special ^ __ 
CD-ROM Benchmark and Test Utilities 
written by our programming staff, & NOT 
available on any other CD-ROM Discs. Our 
Special Test Utilities measure throughput 
as well as access time in a reliable and 
consistent manner for a meaningful 
real-world benchmark for CD drives. 
The Disc and Interlace Software are < 
fully functional (Even for BBS Use) and - 
not crippled in any way. When purchased 
separately Mega Demo and Test is $14.00 
plus $6.00 for S&H However for a Limited 
Time This Demo and Test CD-ROM Disc 
is Free with any CD Disc purchase. 

These are the Only Shareware & PD 

CD-ROM Discs with both a DOS, 

and a Windows 3.1 "Hypertext" 

Retrieval Interface. Plus All CD 

Discs are BBS Ready, and Include 

files.bbs plus our BBS Door with 

"Remote User" Mouseable 

Pull-Down Menu Interface. 

PROFIT PRESS, 824 E. Ft. Lowell, 
Tucson, AZ 85719 - Info (602) 770-0000 
FAX (602) 770-0005 - BBS (602) 770-0008 

The prices listed above do not include 

shipping and handling. Special shipping and 

shipping to foreign countries is available. 



PC Shareware Soecta 

. 650 Megs 1 Plus Gigs Uncompressed! 
\ Our Newest in Trie Mega CD-ROM 
I Senes. Contains Utilities of All Types, 
r ' Word Processors, Data Base. 
' Communications, Graphics Teds, CAD, 

Business, Education. Programming, 

Hobby. Games, Sports, Sound Files, 256 

Color GIFs. FU's, Bibles. Fonts, Windows 

Programs. BBS, Plus Much More! 

^Windows 2 

Windows Snareware I ftitHic Domain 

Our Newest in the Mega Windows Series. 
This Disc Contains Wndows Utilities ol All 
Types, Windows Application Programs of 
All Types. Wndows Communications 
Programs, Windows Games. Wndows 
Fonts, Wndows 256 Color Graphics .BMP. 
Wndows Sound Files .WAV, Wndows 
Drivers and Icons, plus 0&2 Shareware, 
and Much Much More! 


PC Ga-res, G raphes i Sounds 

Contains PC Games from Shareware 

Companies such as Apogee, and Epic, 

plus many many others. Game Bytes 

Electronic Magazine, with file categories 

that include Arcade. Adventure. Puzzles, 

Mind & Strategy, War Games. Card 

Games, RPG Games, Plus 256 Color 

GIFs, FLI's of all types & Includes Sound 

Files, .MOD, .ROL, -WAV &.VOC 



Caddies $3.50 
each with 

ANY $49.00 

Disc Purchase 
Limit of 10 

Per Customer 

ijectS 1 

This Disc Contains Harforg Ftreaforig. Tone Box Information. Anarchy. 
Subculture, Mage, Internet S Computer Security Secrets, Bomb Plans, 
FBI 8 Pcfce Net Res, Virus Code. Sck & TvuSed Graphics, UFO, 
Occut, Even Ham Radb Ffes, Plus Much Much Note! Evefythra Fun 
and Interesirg That AoscWer/ No One Wants You to Know About! 
Induces MegaSearch for these Faschathg Late Night Text Searches. & 
(If You Dare) for BBS there's ftesbbs Plus MegaDoor and MegaTsrnhal. 

Our Exclusive! 
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Volumes 1,2. & 3 
" Best of the Best * 

For Adults Only ■GOLD" 

Wife Proof Labels' 
Each Over 600 MegaBytes 
Many Not On RW) 123 - 256 Color SVGA 
Gifs with WO BBS Logos! Plus Animated 
FLI's, GL's, & DL's, Includes Games, and 
Fantasy Text Res. SAP S79.00 each 

For Adults Only 
Wife Proof Labels' 
256 Color SVGA GIFs, 
Plus Animated FLI's, GL's & DL's 
Includes Games. & Fantasy Text Rles. 
3 Disc Set 1 ,892 Megs - 16,000+ files! 
SAP for this Set ot 3 Discs SI 99.00. 

Circle Reader Service Number 224 


Your Reliable Source of IBM/PC CD-ROM Software At Rock-Bottom Prices! 


7th Guest S32.95 

Battlechess Enhanced S23.95 

Deathstar Arcade Battles $12.95 

F-15 Strike Eagle 3 $24.95 

Game Master V3 $19.95 

Games 1993 $20.95 

Golden Immortal $14.95 

Gunship 2000 $24.95 

Gut Spy $19.95 

Hugo's House of Horrors $12.95 

King's Quest 5 $17.95 

King's Quest 6 $25.95 

MVP's Game Jamboree $12.95 

Puzzelmania $14.95 

Secret Monkey Island S 19.95 

Secret Weapons Luftwaffe $19.95 

Space Quest 4 $17.95 

Star Wars/Rebel Universe $46.95 

Tornado $26.95 

Willy Beamish $17.95 

Wing Commander 1/Ultima6 ...$12.95 
Wrath of Demon $17.95 


Animals, The $19.95 

Arthur's Teacher Trouble $23.95 

Bamev Bear/Space $12.95 

Barney Bear School $12.95 

Carmen Sandiego - World $22.95 

Comptons Multimedia Enc $35.95 

Dinosaurs! Multimedia Enc ....$18.95 

Education Master V2 $17.95 

Encyclopedia V5.0 (DOS) $37.95 

Encyclopedia V6.0 (WIN) S35.95 

Just'Grandma And Me $26.95 

Language Discovery $27.95 

Mammals $20.95 

Mavis Beacon Typing V2 $19.95 

Our Solar System S12.95 


Colossal Cookbook $12.95 

Computer Reference Library . $12.95 

Cookbook Heaven $15.95 

Dictionaries & Languages $12.95 

Family Doctor S20.95 

Gardening $12.95 

Guinness Records 1993 $14.95 

Hacker Chronicles $25.95 

Mayo Clinic $19.95 

PowerTalk .'. S18.95 

Pro Phone 1993 - 4th Quarter ... S68.95 

Sci-Fi Fantasy S20.95 

Sherlock Holmes Books S 12.95 

Time Almanac / 1990 $14.95 

Totla Baseball 1993 Edition ... $18.95 
World of Trains $24.95 


Clipart Galore $23.95 

Clipart Heaven $15.95 

Clipart Warehouse $12.95 

Desktop Pub Dream Disk S25.95 

Gifs Galore $18.95 

Publish It 20 $14.95 

Publishers Paradise $19.95 

Publishers Paradise Pro S34.95 

Too Many Typefonts S 12.95 


Encyclopedia of Sound $12.95 

Sound Sensations S12.95 


Aloha Hawaii! $14.95 

Global Explorer $92.95 

Precision Mapping $69.95 

Sophisticated Santa Fe S14.95 


CICAMicrosoft Windows $15.95 

Windoware $12.95 

Windows 1993 S20.95 

Windows Master $17.95 

Winplatinum $15.95 


Bible Library $24.95 

Bibles & Religion $12.95 

Holy Bible & Christian SW ....$18.95 


CD Caddies $ 5.95 

Ham Radio $12.95 

Midi Music Shop for Windows .$17.95 

Night Owl V10 $29.95 

PCSig Library V13 $22.95 

Shareware 1993 $20.95 

Shareware Explorer (4 CD's) $39.95 

Shareware Overload Trio S 19.95 

So Much Screenware $23.95 

So Much Shareware 3 S23.95 

Tempra Access $12.95 

VGA Spectrum 2 $16.95 


After Dark Trilogy - XXX $29.95 

Amateur Models $21.95 

Best of Vivid - XXX S29.95 

Bustin Out - XXX $29.95 

Bustv Babes 2 - XXX S26.95 

Debbie Does Dallas - XXX .... S29.95 

Deep Throat • XXX S29.95 

Giffv Gold - XXX $24.95 

Hidden Obsessions - XXX $39.95 

Lovelv Ladies 2 - XXX $25.95 

Nova Collection VI - XXX .... $24.95 
Nova Collection V2 - XXX .... $24.95 

Wicked W/Kodak -XXX $39.95 

Rimfire Pacific - XXX $29.95 

Super Smutware- - XXX $21.95 

Swimware 1993 • XXX $20.95 

Traci, I Love You - XXX S29.95 

Tropical Girls - XXX $21.95 

Women of Venus -XXX $20.95 




Motor Credit Cards Accepted 

U.S. residents ot 48 States - add S5.50 per order for ground 
shipping. All others may call for shippingcosis. Call or write 
for onr latest free catalog . 

Circle Reader Service Number 210 

SeXXy Software 


SeXXcapades" . . . The GAME 

The First Adult Game with TRUE SOUND 

and 256 Color VGA Graphics 

The game everyone has been waiting lor. For that evening you wont forget with a loved one or group ot very close (fiends. Fulfill your sexual 
desires Find our how your partner would really like to make love. I Over 80 Color VGA Scenes • Real Voices Guide the Action • Foreplay Option • 
' '" cards 1 Reo price $79. VGA and hard disk required - shipped on high density disks. 



ALL movies have sound - play thru standard speaker or SoundBlaster™ 
SeXXy Disk #CC1 • * YOU BE THE STAR *The FIRST CUSTOMIZABLE movie allows you to write the dialog and the title. 
SeXXy Disk #CC2 • THE FIRST SOUND MOVIE! The lirst computer movie with SOUND. See the incredible 256 color VGA graphics while 

hearing the actual dialog. OURS EXCLUSIVELY! . 

SeXXy Disk #CC3 -THE BEST MOVIE! The best computer movie available. Only (or the serious collector. 256 stunning VGA colors. 
SeXXy Disk #CC4 • VOLUPTUOUS MOVIE with Sound! See and hear a symphony ol exceptionally proportioned women 
SeXXy Disk #CC5 • ODDITIES MOVIE with Sound! See men of incredible proportions and women with unique abilities - UNBELIEVABLE! 
Prices: 1 Movie S29. 3 Movies S6S. 5 Movies S94 

Now You Can Have Your Own GIRLFRIEND" 
... a sensuous woman living in your computer! 

GIRLFRIEND is the lirst VIRTUAL WOMAN. You can watch her, talk to her. ask her questions and relate with her. Over 1 00 actual VGA pho- 
tographs allow you to see your girlfriend as you ask her to wear diflrent outfits, and guide her into different sexual activities. As a true artifi- 
cial intelligence program GIRLFRIEND starts with a 3000 word vocabulary and actually GROWS the more you use it. She will remember 
your name, your birthday an your likes and dislikes. GIRLFRIEND comes with the base software and GIRLFRIEND LISA. Additional girls will 
be added. This program requires 7-10MB of free space. 

SG3 GIRLFRIEND - Special Introductory Price S69. FREE - Second GIRLFRIEND Just Added. 

ORIGINAL SeXXy DISKS™ - 6 disk set with movies, pictures, games $32 


VISA/MC Orders Only: 800-243-1515 Ext. 600FQ 1 24HRS 1 7 DAYS 

FAX (215)997-2571 • Or CK/MO to: Sexy Software. P.O. Box 220. Dept. 600FQ, Hatfield. PA 19440 

SeXXy Software 



All CD-ROMS: $69 EACH OR 3 FOR $149 



Full Length Digital Movies - Ours Exclusively! 
KING DONG - The dirtiest dinosaur movie ever made - CRYSTAL HOLLAND stars with prehistoric 

monsters, cannibals, and lots ot special effects. 
TOO NAUGHTY TO SAY NO - HARRY REEMS and GINGER LYNN star in an erotic daydream 

in a boarding school for girls - from CABALLERO HOME VIDEO, dir. SUZE RANDALL. 
SEX GAMES - When a hacker taps into a computer dating service he is able to program the 

wildest fantasies ol its sexiest member - SHAUNA GRANT stars. 
SeXXcapades . . . The MOVIE - See incredible uses of a mouse and a joystick as a group of 

friends play our popular SeXXcapades game. 



Sexy CD #1 the premiere adult XXX collection - 650 MB of action with over 2500 VGA pictures, sto- 
ries, cartoons, games, sound files, DARE TO COMPARE! 

Sexy CD #2 an exclusive collection containing over 1000 Super VGA pictures (1024 x 768 x 256) 
and over 300 MB of true 24 bit color These are pictures that cannot be found anywhere else! The 
wnmen and the quality are stunning 

Sexy CD #3 another collection of over 650 MB of the hottest pictures available. Over 3.000 VGA pic- 
tures, movies and utilities that will have you spending days just trying to see it alii 







Circle Reader Service Number 116 

Where Adults, 1 free Catalog! 

Come To Play! 

The Choice For HOT MODEM FUN! 

■ HOT CHAT Live W/Thousands of Ladies 
& Gents in Groups & Private! 

■ Tons Of Sizzling Hot Message Areas, 
Shareware Files and Adult GIFs! 

■ Matchmaker With "DATING-BASE"! 

■ Straight and Gay Sections! 

■ Live Competitive Tournament Gaming! 

« Unlimited Connect With One Low Price! 

■ Local Numbers In Over 800 Cities! 

■ Plus Much Much More! 

Circle Reader Service Number 141 

THREE GATES . . . skryeing. aware- 
ness shifting, I Ching/Runes, $39.95. 

MAGIC MIRROR . . . tooibox for your 
mind. Ernest Kinnie, PhD, $39.95. 

VISUALIZATIONS . . . visualizing, re- 
laxing, healing, chakra clearing, 


Board. $39.95. 

high-tech Ouija 

MAGIC MOUNTAIN . . . weird adven- 
ture, not for children. $39.95. 

Blue Valley. 29 Shepaid St., Walton. NY 13856 
MasterCard/Visa 1-800-545-6172 

5L r L*'U<'l«: : k5U<V:tfV V * 

Circle Reader Service Number 173 

Call 1-800-862-2457 
For FREE CD-ROM Catalog 

Iron Helix $59 

Nightowl 1 1 $39 

Rebel Assult $46 

Sissors N Stones $49 

Many Titles In Stock! 

Adult Titles Available 


5694 Mission Ctr. #449,San Diego, CA 92108 

FAX (619)279-8543 

Circle Reader Service Number 190 

Software Library 

Public Domain/Shareware for 

IBM & Compatibles 

ASP Member 

No Viruses * Latest Versions 

Over 2500 Programs 

FREE 80 page Catalog 

We also carry CD-ROM discs 

Premier Shareware CD - 1 Gig - $24.00 
Desktop Publishers Dream Disk + Book 
650 Megs of Fonts and Clipart - $36.00 

PO Box 56 
E.Greenwich, Rl 02818 


Circle Reader Service Number 235 


Game Cartridge Emulator 

Connects your PC to 16 bit game machines! 

Makes any PC a video game workstation! 

Loads, Stores, and Runs binary image files! 

Requires IBM PC -XT, AT, 286, 386, or 486; 

MS DOS 3.0 or later; one 8 bit card slot. 

16 Meg bits RAM system -$ 245.00 

24 Meg bits RAM system - $ 325.00 
Each system includes one PC "add-on" 
card, one 16 bit game machine adaptor, 
cables, software, and Users Manual. 

Additional game machine adaptors -$40.00 


P.O. Box 800727, Dallas, TX 75380 
(214) 692 - 1206 (voice and FAX) 

Hardware does not include any proprietary data on 
game machines, or game development software; not 
licensed and/or endorsed by any game or game 
machine manufacturer. 

Circle Reader Service Number 129 



• Sizzling GIFs of Pets, 
Lovesets, More 

• Hot Live Chat 

• Fast "photo preview" 

• Highest Quality Files 

• 9600/VGA 

• Penthouse, Variations 

• "Photo Email" 

• Local call from most 

• Affordable rates 

For Modem signup call 1-619-546-2364 
(8-N-1) Info: 1-619-546-2360 

21 or older only 


(continued from page 128) 

(the international learning cen- 
ter). Your child simply needs 
to come up with a great idea 
and send it in by the deadline 
in accordance with the con- 
test's rules and regulations. En- 
tries will be judged by a se- 
lect group of educational and 
software publishers and pro- 
ducers. The deadline for the 
contest is June 30, 1994. You 
can request an official entry 
form and information by writ- 
ing to Electronic Arts, College 
Scholarship, 1450 Fashion Is- 
land Boulevard, San Mateo, 
California 94404. 

Cool It 

T. S. MicroTech, maker of the 
only patented internal cooling 
fan for PCs, now has a new 
version of its FanCard. The 
FanCard/Combo uses the 
same two bidirectional fans 
(for cooling things like super- 
fast chips), but this time 
they're placed on a super I/O 
card. The new Combo allows 
for maximum cooling for your 
machine while providing a 
full complement of I/O ports. 
The FanCard/Combo also 
has an optional six-volt con- 
nector to power multimedia 
speakers, two serial ports, 
one parallel port, and one 
game port — all of which can 
be enabled or disabled indi- 
vidually — and supports up to 
two IDE hard disks and two 
floppy drives. Although there 
is no suggested retail price, 
the company expects the 
street price for the product to 
be around $90. Contact T. S. 
MicroTech, 20818 Higgins 
Court, Torrance, California 
90501: (800) 959-9419, (310) 
787-1647 (fax). 

Test-Drive That Software 

You wouldn't buy a car with- 
out driving it. The same could 
be said for computer soft- 
ware. After all, with so many ti- 
tles out there — both from 
shareware and commercial 

enterprises — how do you 
know if you're going to like a 
program until you've tried it? 

For $24.95, The ASP Advan- 
tage CD-ROM, Second Edi- 
tion provides you with a thou- 
sand shareware programs 
that will do all sorts of tasks, 
from balancing checkbooks 
to comparing home refinance 
rates to mastering elementary- 
school math to shooting ali- 
ens. You simply search 
through the topics, choose a 
program that interests you, 
copy it to your hard drive, 
and give it a whirl. If you like 
the software, send the registra- 
tion fee to the publisher in ex- 
change for the software. Con- 
tact the Association of Share- 
ware Professionals, 545 
Graver Road, Muskegon, Mich- 
igan 49442-9427; (616) 788- 
5131, (616) 788-2765 (fax). 

As for commercial soft- 
ware, Electronic Arts is offer- 
ing a $9.95 CD-ROM sam- 
pler, called The Future Is 
Now, that includes separate 
entertainment and education- 
al CD-ROMs. Each features a 
peek at more than 50 titles 
and a check from Electronic 
Arts good for $5.00 off the pur- 
chase price of any featured ti- 
tle. Look for The Future Is 
Now in retail stores, or con- 
tact Electronic Arts, 1450 Fash- 
ion Island Boulevard, San 
Mateo, California 94404. 

Mouse of Style 

Tired of looking at your dreary 
mouse? Maybe you should 
give the poor animal a lift — 
in, say, a Lamborghini or a 
Corvette. The MotorMouse 
looks just like that famous Ital- 
ian sports car — the Countach, 
to be exact — or that American 
Chevrolet classic, depending 
on which model you choose. 
You can plug the Mo- 
torMouse into your serial 
port, and it will work with your 
existing mouse driver, but it al- 
so comes with Cruise Control 
software for Windows, which 

animates characters on the 
screen, makes your engine 
scream, and even honks the 
horn if you want. Instead of 
pushing a button, you push 
on the hood for mouse action. 
You can choose red, yellow, 
or black for the Lamborghini 
and red or white for the Cor- 
vette. At a suggested retail 
price of $69, the MotorMouse 
costs much less than the real 

Contact MotorMouse, 126 
Garden Avenue, North Vancou- 
ver. British Columbia V7P 
3H2; (604) 681-6062. (604) 
988-4495 (fax). 

Tooling around 
your GUI can 
be more fun with 
muscle mice 
like the Lamborghini 
Countach and 
Chevrolet Corvette 
from MotorMouse. 

Companies, publicists, or pub- 
lic relations firms with prod- 
ucts or services of interest suit- 
able for "News & Notes" 
should send information 
along with a color slide or col- 
or transparency to News & 
Notes, Attention: Jill Champi- 
on Booth, COMPUTE, 324 
West Wendover Avenue, 
Suite 200, Greensboro, North 
Carolina 27408. □ 

MAY 1994 COMPUTE 125 





Sanyo. Tadiren. Panasonic. Eveready. Gates, Lithium, 
Lead Acid. Nl-Cad, Alkaline & Chargers We Stock 
batteries for laptop/notebook. Camcorders, cordless 
phones, drills. Norelco shavers, RC Cars & invisible 
Fence Call & ask. Wholesale! MC/VI/PO 

Battery Express 

713 Gladstone St., Parkersburg, WV 26101 
1-800-666-2296 Fax:304-428-2297 

S333M33SM shareware 

Circle Reader Service Number 322 


Meet Exciting Singles Using 

your computer. There are 1,000s of 

singles who would love to date you! 

Our guide and free disk shows you how, 

S20 total cost. Satisfaction guaranteed! 


Circle Reader Service Number 333 


S25.O00 A YEAR PART TIME servicing computers. 
Easy to learn video training package. Free information. 
I -8 1 3-528-2747 24hr recorded message. 


BILL $100,000 A YEAR 
As a Software Consultant 

LOG onto our BBS & download detaDs & rrfcrals. 

BBS 407-547-8759 

PHONE 40? 585-7354 FAX 407-547-1703 

Circle Reader Service Number 327 


Assemble computers in 1/2 hour with just a 
screwdriver. Easy Speed Course helps you to 

I unlimited earnings. Start part-time at home. No experience necessary 
Fastest way to become a computer wizard Write for Free Facts: 
Compubild, Dept CC45, P.O. Box 3938 
Vancouver, WA 98662 • 1-206-260-0808 

Circle Reader Service Number 324 


Join the World's Largest Travel Industry as one of our 
associates. Work at home or office, full or part time, travel 
discounts. You'll be the boss. You can be On-Line with 
airlines, hotels, car rentals and more. FUN, PROFITABLE 
& LOW OVERHEAD. Start immediately for only S2500. 

Traveler^ Choice CaM ,or mEE brochure 
Associates 1-800-446-0096 

Circle Reader Service Number 325 





3389 Sheridan St. ■ Suite 257 
Hollywood, FL 33021 

Circle Reader Service Number 319 


Ace Products 


Circle Reader Service Number 321 


Converters & Accessories 



All Major Brand Names • Lowest Prices!! 


Add-OnCaHeCo. 1-800-334-8475^ 

Circle Reader Service Number 320 


Why Pay A High Monthly Fee? 
Save $100's A Year 

• All Jerrold, Oak, Hamlin, Zenith, 
Scientific Atlanta, and more. 

• 30 Day Money Back Guarantee 

• Shipment within 24 hours 

• Visa/MC and C.O.D. 

No Illinois Orders Accepted 

Purchaser agrees lo comply wilh all stale and 

federal laws regarding private ownership ol cable 

TV equipment Consult local cable operator 

1430 Miner Street, Suite 522 
Des Plaines,. IL 6001 6 

Free Catalog 1-800-542-9425 
Information 1-708-540-1106 

Circle Reader Service Number 323 

• Jerrold® • Oak 

• Zenith • Hamline 

• Tocom • Pioneer 

• Scientific Atlanta 



3584 Kennebec, Eagan, MN 55122 


Circle Reader Service Number 318 












& CDs for IBM 

Same Price for 3.5" or 5.25" 

Shipping & Handling: $2/order 



F-PROTECT SUPERB Virus scanning/cleaning. 
SCAN McAfee's Latest Virus scanner. 

We will «hip mom recent veraion availablel 




BIG ITEMS $2 on DSHD only! 


ZONE66 (386 only) DARE to DREAM (Windows) 

KENSLAB (386 only! DUKE NUKEM II (386, VGA) 

BLAKE STONE 1 (VGA, DOS 6/6, like WOLF3D!) 

HALLOWEEN HARRY - By Apogee [386, VGA) 

ANDROID Epic's Pinball Sensation! [386, VGA) 

DOOM Super Wolf3d type (386, VGA, 4Mb, HD) $4 


A few of HUNDREDS of titles available 
TOP 2000 Shareware $17 HOUSE OF GAMES $16 

Current ShWr 1994 $23 SUPER GAMES-DOS $12 

HOLY BIBLE and Christian Shareware $17 

CD-ROM Caddies $4.75 MAYO CUNIC $19 

We have Adult titles: Proof of age required. 


ComPro Software 

248 W. Park Ave. Suite 356 

Long Beach, NY 11561 


Circle Reader Service Number 340 


1541/1571. SX64. 128D & Amiga. Selling DTK-comp 
computers. Quick service-30 day warranty 
MOM & POP's Computer Shop. 114 N. I6th. 
Bethany, MO 64424 (8 1 6) 425-4400 


For our free Catalog, just send your 
name and address to: 

Consumer Information Center 

Department KO 

Pueblo, Colorado 81009 

COMPUTE Classified is a low-cost way to tell 
over 275,000 microcomputer owners about 
your product or service. 
Additional Information. Please read carefully. 

Rates: $40 per line, minimum of four lines. Any or all of the 
first line set in capital letters at no charge. Add $15 per 
line for bold face words, or S50 for (he entire ad set in bold- 
face (any number of lines.) 

Terms: Prepayment is required. We accept checks, mon- 
ey orders. VISA, or MasterCard. 

General Information: Advertisers using post office box num- 
ber in their ads must supply permanent address and 
telephone number Orders will not be acknowledged Ad 
will appear in next available issue after receipt 


Classified display ads measure 2V-r" wide and are priced 
according to height. 1"= S285; 172"= $420: 2"= $550. 


Call Maria Manaseri. Classified Manager, COMPUTE, 1 
Woods Ct . Hunlington. NY 11743. at 516-757-9562. 

Circle Reader Service Number 326 






purposes only! Satisfaction Guaranteed or 

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$.99 PER (5.25) DD PH. TOLL FREE 1-800-755-6795 



business and adult .99 per 5% low density, 
virus free disk. 3Vs also available. Free catalog. 
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programs. IBM. Commodore. Send $1.50 for 
catalog to JJ's Computer Service, 105 
Lakeside Drive. Greenbelt. MD 20770. 


FREE LIST. Specify 64/128, Amiga or IBM. Centsible 
Software. PO Box 930, St. Joseph. MI 49085. 
Phone: 616-428-9096 BBS: 616-429-7211 

PC-LOTTOpro ver. 3.17 

• The most advanced software with Bet Slip Printing ; o' 
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S99 for full package (S65 without Bet Slip Printing) 
+ $5 Shipping/Handling- Visa, M/C 
Lottoware Ph: 604-479-8536 

870 Gladiola Ave. Victoria FAX: 604-479-8227 

B.C. Canada V8Z 2T6 BBS: 604-479-7189 

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Closing date for June classifieds 

is March 15. 
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Low prices since 1988! ASP Approved Vendor. Finto 
Software. Dept. M. Rt. 2, Box 44, Rosebud, TX 76570 
or Voice/FAX (800)859-5040. VISA/MC accepted. 

The ONLY Lottery Systems With 
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"Awesome action, fantastic graphics..." 

Featuring " try-before -you-buy" entertainment, business, 
personal, educational, Windows and utilities software for 
IBM/compatibles. Award Winnersl Sample game; $3.00 
Prof. Rock, 7536 Forsythe, Suite 265, St. Louis, MO 631 05 

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For IBM-Compatibles. 48 Adult Shareware 
Games. Demos. & Novelty Programs; 1000+ 
Sizzling Adult GIF Images, 140+ Mini-Movies, 
800+ Adult Stories, Adult Icons, BBS Doors, 
and More! Simple Menus; No Installation 
Necessary! $79. Dealers Welcome. 

We carry Many other Adult CD-ROM Titles for 
IBM and Macintosh, from the newest to the 
hard-to-find. Request our free lists. Specify 
age (21+) and Computer Type. 

Clearlight Software 
Dept. CCD, P.O. Box 1411 

Milwaukee, Wi 53201 
Voice/Fax (414) 962-2616 

Circle Reader Service Number 342 

1000's of PD/Shareware programs on LOO'S 
of disks. Free listing or SI for large 
descriptive catalog (specify computer). 
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• In-depth degree programs with all courses home study. 

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repair expert! 

Home study. You could earn 
great money troubleshooting, 
repairing, upgrading, and in- 
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for free career literature. 



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6065 Roswell Rd. Dept. JF680 

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("Computer Training At Home"] 

| Independent Study in Computer Operation and 

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Circle Reader Service Number 335 Circle Reader Service Number 331 



Jill Champion Booth 

The first truly 
hands-on keyboard 

puts functions 
within easy reach. 

Your fingertips 
never have to leave 

the home row. 

QWERTY All the Way 

Wouldn't it be nice to perform 
every keyboard function with- 
out lifting your hands from the 
letter keys? Now you can — 
with the Starpoint-101 key- 
board from Jefferson Comput- 
er. Hold down the J key, and 
the keys under your left hand 
instantly become cursor and 
editing keys (printed blue on 
the keyboard). Hold down the 
F key, and the letter keys un- 
der your right hand become a 
numeric keypad (printed red 
on the keyboard). Release 
the F or J key, and the key- 
board returns to normal. 

No longer do you have to 
reach for the cursor keys, ed- 
iting keys, function keys, or nu- 
meric keypad (although that 
option is always available, 
since the Starpoint still has 
the traditional 101 keys). For 
Windows users who don't 

want to bother with moving a 
mouse, a Menu Mouse fea- 
ture allows you to use the 
space bar (replacing the Alt 
key) to access pull-down men- 
us — again without ever taking 
your fingers off the letter 
keys. You should be able to in- 
crease your productivity by 
as much as 30 percent using 
this keyboard, according to 
tests conducted by Jefferson 
Computer. Contact the compa- 
ny at 23454 25th Avenue 
South, Des Moines, Washing- 
ton 98198; (206) 824-1111, 
(206) 824-0941 (fax). 

Grab a Card, Any Card 

Here's a neat way to organize 
all those business cards you 
collect: Turn them into a data- 
base with the CardGRABBER 
from Pacific Crest. You simply 
slide a business card into the 
CardGRABBER's scanner. 
Seconds later, the software dis- 
plays an image of the card on- 
screen with the person's 
name, title, company, ad- 
dress, phone, fax, and other in- 
formation entered automatical- 
ly into the appropriate field in 
a Windows-based address 
book that you can search, cus- 
tomize, sort, and print. The 
plug-and-play system con- 
nects to any desktop or note- 
book PC by hooking a cable 
to the parallel port. The sug- 
gested retail price is $349. 
Contact Pacific Crest Technol- 
ogies, 4000 MacArthur Boule- 
vard, Suite 6800, Newport 
Beach, California 92660: 
(800) 870-3391, (714) 261- 
6468 (fax). 

CD-ROM Psychology 

Forget boring self-improve- 
ment cassettes or overhyped 
infomercial "success" pro- 
grams. CD-ROM software 
from Wilson Learning makes 
self-improvement fun! Person- 
al and professional develop- 
ment is a brand-new category 
in CD-ROM technology— one 
that's certain to grow by 
leaps and bounds once word 
gets out about Wilson's CD- 
ROMs: Connect for Success, 
Sell to Needs, Relate with 
Ease, and Decide for Sure. 

Don't let the lackluster titles 
fool you. In these true-to-life 
lessons, you become the play- 
er in several unfolding stories 
that help you understand and 
practice important interperson- 
al skills. The CD-ROMs' high- 
ly interactive video experienc- 
es immerse you in different 
roles in which you're asked to 
respond and react and in 
which you determine the ac- 
tions to take. Each title in- 

cludes full-motion video; real- 
life simulations; audio narra- 
tion; sound effects; fun, chal- 
lenging test situations; a 
grand mastery simulation; 
and much more. The suggest- 
ed retail price for each CD- 
ROM is $69.95. Contact 
Wilson Learning, 7500 Flying 
Cloud Drive, Eden Prairie, Min- 
nesota 55344; (800) 328- 
7937, (612)828-8835 (fax). 

How Fabio! 

If Fabio is your dream man, 
hold on to your bodice. The 
dashing, dream-marauding, 
"I'm better than counting 
sheep" romance-novel cover 
boy can be yours! For a mere 
$29.95. you can have 17 imag- 
es of the fab Fabio plastered 
all over your computer 
screen. The Fabio Screen Sav- 
er and Wallpaper for Win- 
dows from GT Interactive is ex- 
pected to appeal to millions 
of female PC users nation- 
wide. After all, says the com- 
pany's vice president of mar- 
keting, Allan Blum, "Fabio is 
one of the most recognized ro- 
mance figures in the world." 
Guess that depends on who's 
looking. Contact GT Interac- 
tive Software, 16 East 40th 
Street, New York, New York 
10016; (212) 951-3158, (212) 
679-6850 (fax). 

Creative Kids Contest 

Does your kid have the right 
creative stuff? If so, he or she 
could end up winning a 
$25,000 educational scholar- 
ship payable toward college tu- 
ition. With the goal of giving 
children the chance to get 
their ideas into a computer 
game, Electronic Arts is spear- 
heading a "Does Your Child 
Have a $25,000 Imagina- 
tion?" contest. The contest is 
also sponsored by MindPlay, 
Morgan Interactive, and Sanc- 
tuary Woods Multimedia, and 
in association with EduQuest 
(part of IBM) and Futurekids 
(continued on page 125) 



A PCMCIA Modem Is A Lot 

Like An Oreo; 

The Stuff That Matters Is Inside. 

Anyone can whip up a modem with 
an off-the-shelf chip set and someone 
else's technology. In fact, that's exactly 
what most PCMCIA manufacturers do. 
The WorldPorC however, is no cookie- 
cutter modem. 

Inside every high-speed WorldPort is 
U.S. Robotics' Courier' DSP-based tech- 
nology. The same modem technology 
implemented by major companies like 
CompuServe, DuPont, General Electric 
and U.S. West. This core technology makes 
the WorldPort fast, accurate and easy to use. 

The WorldPort runs at fax or 
data speeds up to 14,400 
bps. (57,600 bps with 
data compression.) And 
with QuickConnect,™ a 

U.S. Robotics' exclusive, it handshakes 
and gets to work in under 10 seconds. 

With Adaptive Speed Leveling (ASL)'," 
another USR exclusive, the WorldPort makes 
the most of inconsistent phone lines, slow- 
ing down for bad connections, and 
speeding right up again when condi- 
tions improve. 

The WorldPort is also highly intuitive. The 
setup is easy. The commands are flexible. 
It's very easy to use. 

Getting the WorldPort is easy, too. It's 
just $339, including fax and communi- 
cation software. 

If you'd like to bow more 
about the WorldPort and 
what it can do for you, call 
The Intelligent Choice in Data Communications 1-800-DIAL-USR today. 

Onlv the WorldPort features the revolutionary 
SmartPlug, eliminating the need for an adapter. 
And, unlike modems with built-in phone jacks, 
there are no exposed wires. The WorldPort is inter- 
nationally approved for use in over 21 countries. 




U.S. Robotics and the USRoboo'cs lorjo arc 

marks of US. Rohorics. Inc. WorldPon, .ASL (Adaptive Speed Leveling), QiickConnect and SmartPlug are trademarks ol US. Robotics. Oreo ' k a registered trademark ol NABISCO FOODS. Inc. 
Circle Reader Service Number 112 




<*- '**** 


Build Mankind's Future In Space 

x oom. Earth is destroyed by a 
catastrophic event, and you're re- 
sponsible for rebuilding civilization 
on another planet. Lucky you. Where you go 
and if you survive is up to you - there's a 
galaxy of possibilities. 

Based on NASA research in-planetary 
science, robotics, terraforming, and 
interstellar spacecraft design, Outpost places 
v you in control of the most comprehensive 
strategy simulation ever developed for the 
RC. No kidding. From the colonization 


starship to the robominers and monorail 
systems you'll use on the planet surface, 
Outpost's photo-realism and 3-D rendered 
animation are unprecedented. 

Develop agriculture, mining and 
manufacturing to survive, and then invest in 
research and recreation facilities to make 
life more comfortable for your colonists - 
hopefully they'll be around long enough to 
enjoy it. Because, in the end, the decisions 
you make will determine the destiny of 

See your local retailer or call 1-800-757-7707 
Circle Reader Service Number 185